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Trying to take over the recruitment side for my habitat affiliates and I need Americorps members answers!

Hey y'all so I was an americorps member for two terms in New Orleans but have sense took a staffing job with habitat in Wisconsin. So our regular time volunteers (called senior crew) are feeling like some of the staff are treating them like slaves and overworking them and now we have to construct garages also so we need volunteers to do that, at the same time us supervisors are falling behind and having added stress to them. So I want to put more of the volunteer recruitment in the hands of our affiliate rather then have to go through a middle man of habitat international to hire americorps (because someone in Atlanta can't say anything about where I live in WI)
So I wanted to ask Americorps and previous ones what would you have wish they would've told you before and after you accepted the gig?
Would having someone from the city directly talk to you be better then the middle man?
Did you have a manager who had Americorps experience? And if yes or no why was it good or bad?
What do you would've helped you during your term and also what should I try to do if I'm able to take over recruitment process!
I have more questions but I'll send them in the comment section when people reply! This would really help me out y'all because I want to work more closely with the Americorps and take corporate mainly out of it! I hope everyone is having a lovely week thank you!
submitted by mrbossy to AmeriCorps [link] [comments]

I am trying to link two excel sheets/workbooks together by a common ID to delete rows quicker and easier. Would appreciate help! I have explained in better detail below.

I am converting databases for my Habitat Affiliate. We are moving from Etapestry to Charityproud. I have downloaded separate excel files of our constituents in our database and a file of all constituent journal entries. I am going through to remove outdated constituents or constituents that are no longer needed. Each of these files has a column with "account number" that is essentially a primary key.
I have downloaded one file with all of our account details. This sheet has column headers titled "Account Number, Account name, Short/long salutation, address, email" essentially contact information.
I have also downloaded a separate excel file with all journal entries for for each constituent. This sheet has column headers with "account number, gift date, gift received...." and all giving history. The account sheet has one record per account number while the journal sheet could have 1-10+ records per account number.
I am trying to combine these two sheets so if I were to delete a row/constituent in my constituent/contact sheet that it will delete all the transactions with the same account number in my Journal/transaction sheet.
If anyone could help me with this I would greatly appreciate it!
Please let me know if I need to clarify anything!
submitted by whammer88 to excel [link] [comments]

How's everyone doing?

Hello everyone, I'm with a Habitat affiliate in the midwest. It kind of looks like this subreddit has kind of died out. If anyone wants to help me get some discussions going, networking, or problem solving threads going that would be awesome. I'll start with introducing myself. I'm the Asst. Construction Manger and we're current working on a zero lot line duplex where we'll be able to get two of our partner families housed, a total of seven people. We've got a rocking Restore backing us up and some of the most solid leadership I've ever encountered blazing our path.
submitted by Last_And_Only to habitatforhumanity [link] [comments]

Anyone work at Habitat for Humanity?

I'm trying to become a Construction Site Supervisor for the local Habitat affiliate. They have a job posted online and I've submitted my info.
I'm trying to network and get an interview. The online only application process these days is extremely frustrating and I'm not going to play by the rules any longer.
Who should I talk with? I know I can network with some on the Board, but they don't make hiring decisions. Who do you guys suggest I petition?
Any other advice is welcome and appreciated.
submitted by kramfive to nonprofit [link] [comments]

Wisconsin Brewery and Winery Coupon Book Available as Fundraiser for Habitat For Humanity of Wisconsin

Hi /wisconsin, I'm writing from Habitat for Humanity of Wisconsin about our Winery and Brewery Coupon Book fundraiser. These coupon books contain promotional offers from 21 local breweries and wineries across Wisconsin and are available for only $10 (plus $1 shipping and handling).
The funds we raise are going toward building Habitat Young Professionals groups throughout the state, and to support the other services we provide to the forty Habitat affiliates in Wisconsin. Habitat affiliates provide affordable housing to low-income families in need and build, repair and rehab hundreds of homes in Wisconsin every year, providing a safe place to call home for our partner families.
We have some great offers from places like Capital Brewery, Cedar Creek Winery, Sprecher, Stevens Point Brewery and more, plus lots of locations in Door County to make your summer vacation even better.
You can order yours today using our website, and pay online through our partner HuTerra. More information, including a list of participating breweries and wineries, sample coupons, and a map, can be found here too:
This is a great way to enjoy one of Wisconsin's favorite pastimes and support a great cause at the same time, for only $10! Buy one for yourself, or for a gift, and please consider sharing this information. If you have any questions I'd be more than happy to answer them--thanks for reading!
submitted by HabitatWisconsin to wisconsin [link] [comments]

Tampa Bay FL / Hillsborough Co Habitat for Humanity Initial Screening of Veterans for homeownership program, possible build near James A Haley VA Hospital. Just sharing this—I’m not affiliated with the HfH organization and I don’t have any additional info. Linked site provides details.

Tampa Bay FL / Hillsborough Co Habitat for Humanity Initial Screening of Veterans for homeownership program, possible build near James A Haley VA Hospital. Just sharing this—I’m not affiliated with the HfH organization and I don’t have any additional info. Linked site provides details. submitted by baoldi to Veterans [link] [comments]

Anyone here done habitat for Humanity?

Hi Everyone,
I'm looking at construction crew leader positions in America and had a couple questions about the work:

1.) After building and fixing homes, do you now feel like you can renovate and home and fit a lot things around a house?
2.) How much of the work was also in the realm of "office" non-profit work, like that of volunteer recruitment and even promoting habitat for humanity in the surrounding community?

Any insight into your experience is greatly appreciated.
submitted by LeverClever to AmeriCorps [link] [comments]

Xenozoic Book: everything so far

COMPENDIUM OF FUTURE FLORA AND FAUNA PART 1: WHAT DID WE DO, AND WHAT HAPPENED TO US? The idea that humans can harm the environment, and therefore ourselves, is not a new concept. Ancient Europeans noted that it would rain less where tress had been cut down; the Age of Sail witnessed numerous extinctions as hungry sailors ate naïve island animals out of existence; and the 1960’s saw a massive backlash to various industries when the public became aware of the dangers of pollution, mostly after a series of environmental disasters (most famously, a flaming river in Ohio). And nowadays the potential for future destruction is even more alarming, as temperatures rise and plastics enter the food chain. Some have taken this not unjustifiably to the extreme, and suggest that we could see a mass extinction of plant and animal life on par with the “Big Five”. The Big Five were a series of extinction events notable for their extreme destruction, often shifting the balance of power in the animal kingdom. There was the End-Silurian (circa 444 MYA), likely caused by severe glaciation and a ripple effect of dropping sea-levels and changes to marine chemistry; the Late Devonian (roughly 376-360 MYA) a prolonged event that remains poorly understood, though some scientists blame ocean anoxia coupled with a climate that alternated between a greenhouse and an ice-age; the End-Permian (252 MYA), which was caused by massive volcanic eruptions in Siberia, leading to runaway global warming and mass-desertification. This was the worst of all the Big Five, with around 95% of all life at the time extinguished; the End-Triassic (201 MYA), basically a less intense version of the End-Permian, this time caused by volcanic provinces along the spreading Atlantic coastline; and the End-Cretaceous (66 MYA), caused primarily by an asteroid impact in the Gulf of Mexico, possibly exacerbated by toxic gases unleashed by volcanoes in India. And that brings us to now. Will the Big Five become the Big Six? Quite possibly- animals are going extinct faster than the natural background rate, and ongoing climatic changes are occurring (and threaten to occur) more rapidly than at possibly any time in Earth’s history, surprise impact winters notwithstanding. And while progress has been made in some areas, human efforts to protect the environment are unlikely to be enough unless drastic measures are taken, and with so much opposition towards environmentalism, action may not be taken until it's too late. Where does this land humans? We are a pretty weedy species, and we have survived our fair share of ordeals. More likely than not, human civilization will remain for at least a few centuries more, and the species itself for perhaps millennia. However, humans are not perfect or indestructible. If we raise global temperatures by 4 degrees (considered a likely outcome by the end of the century), the world would be faced with food deficit: there would be too many mouths to feed, and not enough arable land to provide for them. A rise of six degrees would render the subtropics and tropics uncomfortably hot, and ocean ecosystems would fail spectacularly. This is likely as bad as it will get for us, although outcomes more or less extreme can't be discounted. Governments would likely adapt to this situation, and some may even benefit, but after some time the pressures of food deficit, desertification, ocean failure, mutating pathogens, decreasing air quality, and other factors would become too much. Civilization isn't guaranteed to collapse, but there simply comes a point when human consumption outpaces the environment, a tipping point that would be met more easily with climate systems on the fritz. Civilization could go out gradually and quietly, or suddenly and violently: a nuclear war over diminishing resources is one particularly grim outcome. Humans themselves might persist for some time after this, as we lived for thousands of years without anything resembling civilization. Some humans may attempt to rebuild civilized society, but resource scarcity and unsavory environmental conditions would limit any such endeavors. How and even if we perish is uncertain; perhaps disease or inbreeding or infertility takes us out. Maybe it’s Yellowstone that finishes off the last humans, or the difficulty of living in an environment we poisoned, or some combination of these things. Our extinction isn't inevitable- but neither is our continued existence. For our purposes, let's assume humanity blows it as a species. We raise temperatures several degrees, forcing most life-forms out of now uninhabitable tropics. Land is degraded into deserts and swamps by overuse. Rainforests are completely destroyed, air and water pollution reaches a point beyond recovery, and the ocean is rendered a great swirling soup of industrial runoff, sewage, garbage, pesticides, and bacterial blooms. Mankind runs out of materials for agriculture and such, and the last governments bomb each other into oblivion. Homo sapiens goes extinct. But what happens afterwards?
PART 2: THE FATE OF NATURE Obviously, the natural world is a bit of a wreck after the 6th Mass Extinction. 75% of all plants and animals are extinct, and ecosystems are temporarily unrecognizable. However, after some several thousand years, geochemical processes will have restored the climate to an equilibrium like that of the Pre-Industrial Holocene. Pollutants will have been safely sequestered. Radiation from any nuclear devices will have long since dropped to tolerable levels. The Earth will become green and inviting once more. Of course, the freshly recovered Earth won't look quite like any Earth humans have ever known. For one thing, the variety of plants the world over will be noticeably less diverse; a jungle today would be home to a mind-boggling variety of trees, but with human activity wiping the entire rainforest biome off the map, only a small sampling of scrubby savanna trees and fruit trees grown by man (for example, oranges and bananas) will prevail. Taiga biomes might be home to as few as one or two tree species in some places. Weeds such as dandelions, plantains, clovers, thistles, and euphorbias would comprise a great deal of ground cover. Marine biomes would be even more depleted, as the combined effects of pollution, ocean acidification, eutrophication, and a decrease in upwelling (due to anthropogenic climate change) would have led to the annihilation of corals and kelp forests, as well as severely reducing the variety of plankton. More noticeably than the reduction of floral diversity would be the reduction of animal diversity. With 75% of all species extinct, many creatures we take for granted would be absent. What would each group of animals look like at this time? Starting with the mammals, we would see some of the most obvious extinctions, akin to the drop in species seen with the dinosaurs 66 million years before man. Pretty much any mammal larger than a pig would be gone. Small mammals, such as rodents, shrews, microbats, rabbits, hedgehogs, and possums would fare the best, owing to their lower needs in terms of food and their generally high reproductive rates. Many once successful groups would find themselves utterly devastated by the Holocene Extinction; of the primates, only a few small monkeys remain, while the Carnivora would find themselves reduced to feral cats, small mustelids, and perhaps the red fox, amongst other similar small, generalist forms. The domesticated dog would be too specialized and inbred to find itself a sustainable population, and much of its prey would be extinct. Ungulates would face a similar problem to the dog, and as such there are no more cows or horses. There are, however, goats, which were able to live off poor forage and established feral populations almost as easily as the cat. Sheep populations also survived in New Zealand and elsewhere. Pigs, so notably unscrupulous that certain human cultures refused to consume their meat, also had little problem outlasting mankind; the pig ate nearly anything edible, from carrion to berries to earthworms to garbage, and had large litters for an animal of its size. The marine mammals completely died out, as man-made changes to oceanic systems resulted in there being no suitable food, and even relatively adaptable dolphins and pinnipeds would have had trouble finding enough- or even any- fish. Anything they could find would be saturated with pollutants. As for marsupials, aside from possums and a single antechinus, only a few small wallabies in Tasmania and New Zealand made it, and the monotremes faced total extinction. Birds made it off slightly better than the mammals, though things weren't exactly rosy. The ratites died out, as did the flightless penguins. Save for owls and a few scattered Falconiformes, birds of prey also disappeared. Those birds which thrived in both the presence and absence of humans (pigeons, sparrows, swallows, corvids, and thrushes) had the advantage, as did species with very generalized diets, such as ducks and chickens. Most seabirds died out, for the same reason as other marine-dependent animals, but species that could scavenge (seagulls, certain jaegers, and the sheathbill) were able to live off of new food sources when there were no more fish. Though thought of as tough, the reptiles and amphibians suffered extreme losses at the hands of humanity. The tuatara went extinct, as did the sea turtles and all but one of the crocodilians (the spectacled caiman). The great variety of tropical lizards and snakes vanished along with their jungle habitats, leaving mainly plain, generalist species (often adapted to Mediterranean and arid climates). Disease and pollution put a heavy blow on amphibians- a 95% reduction, in fact. But hit worst of all the vertebrates were the fish. Man decimated but a few weedy species in the deepest sea, some coastal species that migrated to freshwater, and generalized freshwater forms. Carps, loaches, cyprinodontiformes, gobies, grenadiers, mullets, catfish, and dogfish comprise typical representatives of post-human fish. Invertebrates, as well, were not without their losses. Insects suffered from habitat loss and pesticide usage, as well as disruptions to their migration patterns. Pollinators, like bees and butterflies, suffered the greatest damage, and have since been replaced by wasps and moths, respectively. Crustaceans in freshwater environments suffered little, but ocean acidification extinguished most marine forms; for this same reason, many mollusks, echinoderms, sponges, and all corals died off. In short, the planet was populated by a near bare-minimum of species. The slate had been wiped clean, and those who had been lucky enough to pull through the Holocene Extinction now had a vast world all to themselves, free to exploit whatever niches had been left vacant. The Cenozoic is over- it's the beginning of the Xenozoic.
PART 3: A NEW WORLD ORDER The beginning of the Xenozoic did not depart from Cenozoic climatic conditions in any spectacular way. The short temperate period following the thermal maximum of the Holocene was soon rudely interrupted by a new ice-age. Eventually, warmer temperatures came back, before the Earth fell into the grip of yet another glacial period; for millions of years, the Earth would swing in and out of ice-ages. However, after some time, the climate became more stable and ice-ages occurred less frequently. Global temperatures steadily and safely rose, over the course of millions of years, to about 2° warmer than the Pre-Industrial Holocene. A number of agents were responsible for the softening of the climate: the northward movement of Antarctica, which caused a slight retreat of the continents glaciers while also altering ocean currents and the Earths albedo; the stabilization of the Earth’s axis, tending to wobble on its orbit less often; and continental movement allowing the oceans to become more interconnected, thereby affecting currents. These changes have not been super intense, and as such a rise of 2° has been about as far as it goes. Geologic activity has moved the continents out of their Holocene positions, and as such, local climates have changed quite dramatically.
North America has moved west, with negligible drift southwards. Alaska has collided with the Siberian Far East, closing the Bering Strait and creating a new mountain range, the Beringia Ridge. The closing of the Bering Strait has caused the Arctic Ocean to become less salty, and the Beringia Ridge, which impedes warm currents from the Pacific, means that the Bering land bridge is slightly colder than other locations at similar latitudes. Glaciers are quite large in these mountains, and they create extensive melt water wetlands in some areas. Much of the Arctic is far warmer than during the Holocene, and much of Greenland is now covered in forest. A large ice-cap remains in northern Greenland, occupying about a third of the island. It is the only non-mountainous ice cap in the northern hemisphere. After the latest Ice Age, lithospheric plates have rebounded, which in turn had been partially counteracted by a global rise in sea level. Most of the Arctic Archipelago is smaller and more fragmented than today, except Baffin Island; Baffin Now connects to mainland North America via the former Hudson Strait. This has made the Hudson Bay even more isolated than during the Holocene, and therefore less salty. Geologic change has occurred elsewhere, on both coastlines. The Appalachians have become a flat plain, while the Eastern Seaboard has experienced great flooding. The Great Lakes have long been filled with silt and grown over by forests, but glacial melt has created many new lake basins across the continent, especially in the region of Canada. On the opposite side of the continent, Baja California has split away from the mainland to become an island, and it is slowly moving north, and may one day collide with Alaska. The great redwoods, totally extinguished by humans, have since been replaced by equally grand forests of giant oaks and cypress. The American Cordillera, while still existent, has been greatly eroded, and as such the rainshadow effect is not as great as it once was- the Great Basin has turned into prairie, while the Mojave, Sonora, and Chihuahua deserts have shrunk somewhat. Glaciers in the Cordillera are much smaller than in the Holocene, and around Mexico and the Southwest, they are absent. Forests have extended west as a result of the decreased rainshadow, and they have also expanded north and somewhat south, owing to the global expansion of temperate zones. The former American South is swampy and rather humid, and mosquitoes are functionally infinite. Much of the land here is spongy and sinking, and there are many sandy spits and and sinking islands. Floods are very common, and much of the flora and fauna is adapted to deal with brackish conditions. Due to the geological conditions here, ideal for preservation, the sedimentary rocks in the south contain many fossils of human artifacts; the city of New Orleans is amongst the most well-preserved areas on Earth. Florida is now a series of islands, rather similar to the Holocene Bahamas (which are now gone). Mexico is more heavily forested than in the time of man, and the descendants of many cultivated species (avocados, grapes, succulents) are common here, as in most tropical rainforests the world over. These rainforests are more monsoonal than in South America, and as such are not quite as lush or steamy. The Caribbean Plate has moved into the Atlantic, severing North America’s connection with South America. This has also led to the destruction of many Caribbean Islands, as well as the formation of new ones. The Caribbean is climatically similar to the Holocene, despite a slight northward drift. The movement of North America away from the Old World has led to a widening of the Atlantic, and the enlargement of Iceland, which is now entirely vegetated. Iceland is still volcanically active, and large eruptions occur every few millennia.
South America has moved west, with no movement north or south; as such, climatic zones have shifted less here than on other land masses. South America is currently an island continent, much like Australia back in the Holocene, and as such the plant and animal life is unique; there are also relics of groups that are extinct elsewhere. Sea-level rise (from the northward voyage of Antarctica out of the polar zone) has formed two small, inland seas; the Amazon Sea, which the Amazon River drains into; and the Plata Sea, which the Rio de la Plata drains into. The land around the Panama Strait is now subject to oceanic influence and has a moist, subtropical maritime climate. The Guyana shield has eroded into an almost-nearly flat plain, and rivers in the region have gotten larger, creating megadeltas rivaling those in east Asia. Mangrove-type swamp forests fringe this area, as they also do so around the Plata and Amazon Seas. The Andes Mountains continue to grow (volcanoes erupt here regularly, earthquakes also being common), and the ample glaciers provide the western portion of the continent with many rivers; waterfalls in the Andes are common, and they are often quite spectacular. Lake Titicaca has filled with sediment, however other lakes have since appeared. Life around these lakes is often highly endemic, and adapted to deal with the thin air and high UV levels characteristic of the upper Andes. The Atacama Desert has retained its Holocene proportions, and it remains quite harsh. The Amazon Rainforest, totally destroyed back in the late Holocene, has since regrown from a small pool of hardy tree species, and it is just as biodiverse as it was before human encroachment, if not more so. It is supported by many new river systems, though none yet rival the Amazonia River. As is to be expected with jungle rivers, the rivers here are murky and rich in nutrients; aquatic animals in the Amazon rarely depend upon sight as their primary sense. Changes in Africa’s climate (to be discussed later) have resulted in less mineral fertilizer arriving at the forest, which would normally turn parts of the Amazon into a savanna; however, the moist climate of the Xenozoic has tamed the spread of dry environs, and as such the rainforest remains quite luxuriant. The Atlantic Forest has penetrated further inland, while the Caatinga semi desert is now more of a grassland. Savanna regions extend between the major forests, and many of these savannas support wetlands during the wet season. The general increase of moisture (combined with the warming of west Antarctica) has led to milder conditions in Patagonia, where deserts have been replaced by grasslands and even temperate rainforests in the far south. Tierra Del Fuego is still rather harsh and windy, though not quite to the degree of the Holocene. Southern South America remains fairly temperate in general, though the climate here is marine influenced, as opposed to the continental temperate climates found in the northern hemisphere. Snow occurs here during the austral winter, and it is often quite heavy. The Falklands, much smaller than in the Holocene, are now forested.experience similar conditions. Meanwhile, on the Pacific coast, the Galápagos Islands have sunk underwater. Likewise, the islands of the Lesser Antilles are extinct, though they have been replaced by new, larger islands called New Caribbea.
Africa has moved significantly northward, and somewhat eastward. East Africa has split off to become its own subcontinent (Somali), with Madagascar moving in tandem with it. The new strait that has formed between Somali and Africa softens the climate on the surrounding seaboard, and as such rainforests extend from coast to coast on the mainland, while semi-arid regions in the Ethiopian regions (on both Africa and Somali) are humid and heavily vegetated. Somali has been isolated for some time now, and as such it’s flora and fauna has a high degree of endemism. Half of the island is heavily forested, while the southern half is mostly savanna with bits of scrubland. The movement of Somali has also led to the creation of the Moris Islands in the Indian Ocean. Continental Africa looks much different than it did in the Holocene- much of Southern Africa has moved out of the desert belt, while the Cape has moved into said zone. Because so little of Africa lays within the southern Hadley, the desert area is limited- the weakening of the Benguela Current (caused by the warming of Antarctica) has relegated the Namib to a small area in the Southwestern-most corner of the Cape, blending imperceptibly into the new Cape Desert. The small Cape Desert provides a lot of mineral-rich sand, which is blown out to the south Atlantic and fertilizes an area of open ocean. In south Africa, there are wide areas of thorn forest; thorn forests are also characteristic of Madagascar. Savanna regions extend far above the Cape, and these regions are notable for being home to some of the largest land animals on the planet. The Congo Rainforest, which was destroyed during the Holocene (like all other rainforests), has since regrown. This new forest is far more biodiverse than the one during the Holocene, as it has been millions of years since the last glacial period and therefore millions of years since the forest has dried up. At its center, the Congo can be very dense, leading to an undergrowth too shady for even most ferns. The Congo is wreathed in less dense monsoon forests and forest-mosaic, which supports large animals; the Congo, like other rainforests, is too dense for most megafauna, especially the extraordinary beasts of the African savanna. Since Africa has moved north, the area on the equator (therefore the area of rainforest) is actually south of the Congo Basin, and as such the rainforest should technically be called the Zambezi Rainforest. The slight warming and moistening of the climate in the Xenozoic has led to a northward shift in the African Monsoon, which has made what would otherwise be desert into savanna; north Africa is also in prime position to receive moisture from the currents of the North Atlantic, and as such deserts are absent throughout Africa outside of the Cape. This allows for monsoon forests in west Africa, even though savanna exists at similar latitudes. The former Sahara Desert now has a humid continental climate, dominated by deciduous woodland, riparian forests, and vast temperate grasslands. Lake Chad is now quite large, and there are many other large lakes throughout the Sahara, occurring where natural depressions are to be found. Snow occurs in the northernmost parts of the Sahara during winter. Africa’s collision with Europe has closed up the Mediterranean Sea, throwing up a new mountain range in the location. These Mediterranean Mountains have hindered faunal exchanges between Africa and Eurasia for over 20 million years, leading to a larger number of endemic species in the Afrotropics than today. The mountains also provide seasonal melt that feeds many of the great rivers in the Sahara. The foothills of the mountains collect a lot of moisture, and here there are very lush laurel-type forests. The Mediterranean Mountains are the only mountain regions of any significance in Africa. The Canary Islands and the Azores are reduced to little more than tiny scraps of rock, but new islands have formed off the North African Coast. The largest are the Tenez Islands, which are foggy and mild in temperature. Laurel forests are the dominant vegetation here, though they are very different from those found around the mountains.
Eurasia has moved the least of all the continents, tilting only slightly so that Korea is further south and the British Isles are further north. This has had virtually no influence on the climate, but nevertheless Eurasia differs dramatically from the Holocene. One of the most important changes that has occurred was the closing of the Mediterranean Sea, and the subsequent formation of the Mediterranean Mountains. Because they are where a sea once was, these mountains have rich salt deposits, as well as many fossils of marine organisms. The North Atlantic Drift current cleaves as it meets the Mediterranean Mountains, keeping both Africa and Europe moist, but leading to a semi-arid climate in the mountain plateau, though these mountains still have small ice-caps. This, coupled with a global climate more humid than the Holocene, means that Europe is extremely rainy. Much of north-western Europe has sunk into the sea, rather like the American East-Coast. The movements of Eurasia and Africa have lifted up a land bridge connecting Great Britain to continental Europe via the former English Channel; the displacement of the water from the strait has contributed to global rise in sea-levels. Southern Scandinavia has many lakes, which generally last a few thousand years before filling with sediment. New lakes will then appear in other depressions. Often, the lakes are connected to the Baltic Sea by small streams, and Baltic fauna is easily able to migrate due to the Baltic already having low salinity. Because of the closing of the Mediterranean, dry summer climates (AKA, Mediterranean climates) are limited to the coast of Iberia and southern Britain, and they are more cypress-forest and oak woodland than semi-arid chaparral. Much of the rest of Europe is temperate rainforest, fading into wooded steppe and tallgrass prairies further inland. The Black and Caspian Sea basins have benefitted from a moister climate, and have expanded and joined to form the single Caucasus Sea, which also spills into parts of the Danube Basin and Azov. This large sea creates a mild subtropical/warm temperate climate around the surrounding area, warm enough in its furthest south to support groves of palm-trees. The sea has low salinity, which encourages the growth of a greater variety of plants, although this low salinity also means it freezes more easily where possible. The West Siberian Plain has also flooded and formed a small gulf, which is quite marshy on its shores. Siberia, though slightly warmer than today, is still dominated by a fiercely seasonal continental climate. Arabia has moved northeast, closing up the Persian Gulf and turning the Zagros Mountains into a massive plateau similar to the Holocene Himalayas. The Zagros Plateau is the tallest mountain range in the Xenozoic, and it creates a notable rainshadow in Iran. The Zagros deflects moisture heading its way back onto the Arabian subcontinent, which (coupled with the humidity of the Xenozoic) has turned the entirety of Arabia into savanna, except for the Levant which is mostly mountainous semi-desert areas with Mediterranean vegetation on the coast (which is allowed by influence from the Red Sea, which is bigger than today). Meanwhile, the Himalayas have eroded into hills, too short for snow to form. During the Holocene, the glaciers melted entirely due to anthropogenic climate change, and this created many large depressions, which were briefly lakes before drying up due to the Hydrological Disaster (runaway climatic change that led to the desertification of most of the Earth. This event was caused by anthropogenic climate change). Since then, glaciers returned and then melted again when the Himalayas became too short for frost, making the depressions deeper still. The result is a series of massive cave systems, some so big they have entire forests within them. The functional extinction of the Himalayas has led to a shrinking of deserts in the interior of Eurasia and an expansion of the Thar desert in India- one of the few regions on Earth where dryland has enlarged. The Baikal rift is growing, and consequently so has the Lake Baikal, now twice as big as in the Holocene. Further north, Eurasia is connected to North America through the Bering land bridge, which has been detailed in earlier passages. Kamchatka and the Russian far-east are somewhat mountainous, though glacial cover is limited inland. Japan is seismically active, with many of its islands splitting into smaller islands. Volcanic activity is not uncommon here, and there are also many geysers and hot springs. East Asia remains humid and subtropical, and there are many great rivers here. The Pacific coast of Eurasia experiences both monsoons and tsunamis, and as such many plant species here have evolved to quickly reestablish themselves following a storm.
Australia has been the fastest-moving of the continents, historically, and as such it has changed latitudes most dramatically of all the Earth’s landmasses. Australia has moved out of the subtropical desert latitudes and into the equatorial zone. As such, Australia is covered by vast rainforests, and even the driest regions of the continent still receive enough rainfall to support savanna vegetation. Savanna mostly exists as a thin strip on the western coast, leaving essentially the entire remainder of the continent heavily forested (in fact, Australia currently has the highest percentage of forested land of any continent on earth). In the process of moving north, Australia has collided with New Guinea, which has now fused and become a part of the Australian continent. This created some mountain regions initially, but they have since eroded due to the high precipitation of the area. Small pockets of montane cloud forest remain, and here it is bamboos that are dominant. Lake Eyre is now an inland sea, surrounded completely by tropical mangroves. The Eyre Gulf, as it is called, is very nutrient-rich, and it supports a thriving ecosystem. Tasmania is covered in savannas, parts of which flood seasonally. Borneo, pushed northward by the influence of the Australian Plate, has collided with Asia and forms a sort of extension of the Indochina Peninsula. Mountains here are young and short, completely forested up to the highest peaks. The Mekong River flows through a narrow mountain passage (created over millennia by the Mekong itself as it flowed into the mountain foothills and eroded it) into Borneo, where it has “absorbed” some of the local rivers. Other parts of Sundaland, while moving in tandem with Borneo, remain islands. Meanwhile, New Zealand has moved in tandem with Australia and has a largely savanna climate, with some tropical forest mosaic in the North Island. Mountains in New Zealand are still present, though they have lost much of their glacial cover due to the islands position near the equator. Mountain lakes and cool rivers support an extensive freshwater menagerie, with mangrove-like vegetation near the riverbanks. Many islands throughout the Pacific have been destroyed, and new ones create. The Solomon Islands still exist, but they are begging to sink into the ocean. The Philippine Plate has created new islands, mostly in the North, while many of the southern islands have sunk. Completely new archipelagos have appeared, most notably “Neonesia”, which encompasses all the new islands that have appeared across Melanesia and Micronesia (and the area in between). The Hawaiian Islands still exist, though many of the old islands have been replaced. The Big Island is much smaller than in the Holocene, and less volcanically active.
Antarctica has moved northward into the Atlantic, and about half of the continent lays outside the polar region. A permanent ice sheet still remains in easternmost Antarctica and in part of Marie Byrd Land. The Ross Sea still remains frozen year-round. Much of the rest of the continent is ice-free, and is primarily composed of tundra and krummholz (sparse woodland shaped by fierce, frigid winds). Tussock prairies exist in small pockets, and the northern coasts are covered in dense, rainy mixed forests. Conifers fare well here, but unlike the taiga of the northern hemisphere, there is also a significant community of flowering trees here. Western Antarctica has oceanic forests, like those found in south Patagonia. Nothofagus and other plants of Gondwanan affiliation are dominant in this region: tree ferns exist in the warmest parts (especially on the Antarctic Peninsula), and podocarps are also to be found in certain area. Mosses and liverworts grow profusely all over the continent (except on the ice-sheet). Because of its location so far south, Antarctica (more precisely, the parts of Antarctica within the Antarctic Circle) is subject to the phenomena of polar seasons. Many animals migrate outside of the Antarctic Circle during winter. Antarctic geography is shaped by glaciers, even in areas where there is no longer ice. Melting ice has created many lakes and vast valleys. The coastline is peppered with many small, rocky islands as well as fjords like those found in Holocene Scandinavia. Although the continental crust in Antarctica has rebounded, the continental layout has changed; West Antarctica is separated from Marie Byrd Land by a deep strait, and the Antarctic Peninsula is isolated. Coastal waters around the continent are quite productive, as the water is cold and nutrient-rich. The Antarctic Coast is a major zone of upwelling, and plankton populations explode during the Austral spring, inviting many spectacular creatures who come here to eat and then breed. There are also underwater forests of kelp-like algae, especially around West Antarctica. One notable feature of the Antarctic ecosystem is the lack of mammals outside of a few species of bat, and the complete lack of reptiles and amphibians (owing more to the isolation of the continent rather than its temperature).
Overall, the world of the Xenozoic, 55 million years after mankind’s extinction, is a novel place climatically and geographically. The next 55 chapters will take you on a tour around the world, and explore how the plants and animals have evolved since the Holocene.
Chapters 1. Forest of Life: North America, temperate deciduous forests 2. Conifer Kingdom: Holarctic Taiga 3. Bushland Barrens: Mongolia, steppe and semidesert 4. Freshwater Sea: Lake Baikal 5. Swamp Forests of the Far East: China, subtropical swamp forest 6. Endless Variety: Rainforest of Australia and the Sundalands 7. Hallowed Himalayan Caves: Caves of the Himalayan Hills 8. In the Mountain Shadow: Desert and dry mountains of Persia and the Levant 9. Roof of the Earth: Mediterranean Mountains 10. Green Sahara: North Africa, temperate flooded grasslands and forests 11. Realm of Giants: African savanna 12. Strange Paradise: Somali Island, Rainforest 13. Song of the River: Amazon River 14. Dwellers of the Southern Plains: Temperate grassland,Patagonia 15. Blooming Antarctica : Oceanic forests, West Antarctica 16. Edge of the Known World: Tundra and ice, Antarctica 17. Tour de Oceania : Various islands of Oceania 18. Sunken Treasure of the Sea: Algae reefs of Hawaii 19. Big Blue: Open ocean, Pacific 20. A Realm Beyond the Sun: Deep ocean from continental shelf to trench, Pacific
If you were to visit New York today, you would find yourself overwhelmed by the reality of human civilization: herds of pedestrians on their way to work; yellow cabs swerving at street corners; advertisements for candies and cellular services and upcoming Broadway plays, all displayed upon screens the size of buildings; clouds cleaving as they encounter towering skyscrapers; air reeking of rancid garbage and dog piss. The Holocene microcosm, as it is. New York City is, in the Age of Man, about as far away from the wilderness as you can get. Jump forward 55 million years time, to the same location, and you will find yourself greeted with a completely different picture. For one thing, the sea has advanced a good way inland. The locations of many long-gone local landmarks; Madison Square Garden, 30 Rockefeller Plaza, the Empire State Building; are all underwater. Of course, there are no physical buildings left, although one might find a layer of concrete and iron in the local fossiliferous strata. Areas that remain above water have also changed, quite radically in fact. The first thing you would notice is the green; the land is positively cloaked in forests for as far as the eye can see. It probably looks a great deal like it did when Europeans first arrived upon these shores, before they ravaged the land. An intrepid time-traveler, such as yourself, will notice the contrast between modern New York and Xenozoic New York in other, slightly subtler ways. There is no noise of human activity, for there are no humans. The sound of puttering engines and blaring car horns has given way to birdsongs, while the stench of urban waste is replaced by flower perfumes and sea-spray. Though the Earth is warmer than it was in the Holocene (prior to the Mass Extinction, of course), New York is still very much temperate. The trees are of deciduous variety, including oaks, planes, maple, gingko, beech, and others. Some plants may appear broadly familiar, and others have changed since our species vanished. Seasonal change is pronounced here, as in other temperate forest regions: springtime brings rain and rejuvenation, followed by a balmy summer and autumn’s orange leaves. It snows during wintertime, as it did in the Age of Man. It is a mild spring day, and if you are walking barefoot you will detect a smattering of dew on the forest floor. You may feel, perhaps, that the Earth is back to “normal”. While it has, indeed, long since recovered from the destruction caused by man, this is by no means the same world that nourished our civilization. That world, the world of the Holocene, was destroyed quite violently, quite a long time ago. There are no wolves or coyotes stalking the far hillsides, no bobcats prowling the undergrowth. There are no deer (at least of the traditional variety), no plodding bears, no eagles soaring overhead. They all died out shortly before our species perished, and in their absence, it has been the small, weedy creatures that have since taken over. On your safari of the future world, you will see strange things, things that sometimes bear little resemblance to any creature of the Holocene. Because this isn't the Holocene; it's not even the Cenozoic. It’s the Xenozoic- “Weird Life”.
submitted by nuke-launcher to SpeculativeEvolution [link] [comments]

Eco-Living Isn’t a Bad Pack...

Maybe this is an unpopular opinion, but I’m about to bust out that college writing gen-Ed requirement and give you the real ness of the situation.
1.) We LITERALLY have only just seen the trailer and brief descriptions of the pack. No one person not affiliated with testing or making these packs has even played it yet, and if so then they haven’t reviewed it officially. So it’s absolutely crazy to me that people are surmising it’s bad simply because “it’s not what we wanted!” Which brings me to this...
2.) We LITERALLY voted for it. That’s right, let’s take a trip down memory lane here folks. Remember when we got to vote for the first Community Stuff Pack? The one that became Laundry Day? We just voted for the Knitting Stuff Pack (and yes, we VOTED for that one too so if you’re upset about it, it’s either your fault or you’re vote was a minority vote.) Each time we do this, we vote on an over-arching theme, then delve deeper to make it viable for a Stuff Pack. What did we vote as the main theme for Laundry Day? Eco Living... that was literally the title. So lot’s of people were upset Laundry Day wasn’t exactly Eco Living, okay, so they took some of those ideas, EXPANDED, and gave it to us and now we’re... mad? Why? Because it’s not Horses? Speaking of...
3.) You can’t compare Eco-Living to Country Living because Country Living NEVER EXISTED. It was a hoax to be a false-leak, period. EA didn’t promise it, Maxis didn’t tease it- someone in the community decided to play a prank and you fell for it. It’s honestly insulting to the people who spent time and energy making Eco-Living to be told, “Well, it’s not Country Living so I hate it!” That’s like saying, “This new TV can’t broadcast candy through it like Willie Wonka so it sucks!” Because you can’t compare something real with something that isn’t. It’s delusional.
4.) A lot of people keep saying things like, “unoriginal”, “recycled”, and “reused” but then saying things like “How is a recycling machine supposed to fit into the game?” Or “What’s with that weird bug-box?” To me those contradict each other inherently. Since all we really have is the trailer, everyone is getting these assumptions from the trailer alone. Thus, I’ll be using the trailer to refute it. First of all, do you even know what the heck that bug box is?! Because I don’t! So how can you guess what it’s used for or if it’s original? “But it looks like a bee box!” Yeah? And a sofa looks like a sofa, the hot tub looks like a ball pit, not to mention that cats look like dogs. Get over it. Plus, did you see the machines? I saw at least 5; a recycler, the fizzy drink station, candle making station, 3D printer (+tablet), the weird glass box with two levers and giant thing out the top, AND that other weird machine no one seems to be talking about in the community lot scenes with the weird cubes on the screen. PLUS solar panels, Wind Turbines, a CHANGEABLE WORLD, dumpster diving, new ingredients/collectibles, a new lot type with entirely unique mechanics, new gardening furniture, in addition to a new career the rest of the things added in BB and CAS. If anything, this will have more content than Cats & Dogs when you break it down.
5.) “But its Island Living/Tiny Living!” I’ll concede, does it work exceptionally well with them both? Yes! Does it mean it should’ve been put in them both? No! I will say this, recycling and cleaning the world and even solawind would’ve been great in Island Living. That being said- a changeable world is already present, plus Island Living focuses on CONSERVATION/RECYCLING this pack focuses on REJUVINATION/UPCYCLING. The first being more naturalist based and the later being more inventive based. I think people forget that Island Living added a LOT of stuff as it is, and while some of this stuff would’ve fit it’s unfair for us to say “make this one pack twice the size for the same cost because it fits better!” If that happened, then every pack after would have the same expectation and it would break the established pack-standards. Remember; EA and Maxis aren’t your buddies, they’re a business. Maxis is great with its customers but at the ends of the day falls under EA and we know what EA’s goal is... money. Don’t like it? Don’t buy it. I will concede that the Wind/WateSolar should’ve gone with the Off The Grid Lot trait, but remember that it came out for FREE with base game as an update and not exclusively with Island Living. As for Tiny Living... it’s a stuff pack! A STUFF... PACK. Would you REALLY want a Game Pack (or god forbid) EXPANSION Pack on just Tiny Living?
6.) Finally, we need to talk a bit about how these packs work. A pack is not meant to be a standalone experience, it’s meant to take some aspect of the Base Game or something that’s not there and add on to it. A Stuff Pack adds styles and a fun item not fully present. A Game Pack adds fun gameplay mechanics that flesh-out an experience or offer a new one. An Expansion Pack though fully takes an aspect of the game an Expands It fully. Whether it was pets with Cats and Dogs, the passing of time with Seasons, the realities of popularity with Get Famous, or even the naturalist lifestyle with Island Living. Now, we’re exploring the idea of not just living WITH nature, but helping to GROW nature and make it flourish in a natural and non-constructed habitat. If you don’t like it, don’t buy it. You’re not supposed to like every pack. If everyone liked every single pack then none of us would have a personality or the packs would just all be the same or so few in number it wouldn’t matter. Everyone has different tastes, do you think I like Stranger Ville? Or half of the stuff packs?
In conclusion; remember that there are genuine real human beings working on these packs, and is every pack perfect? No. But is it their fault? No. At the end of the day, it’s the fault of our society’s hungry need for money and the nature of business that detracts the most from these projects. So don’t fault the creators, fault the ones getting rich off the creators. Or, y’know- build a bridge and get over it.
submitted by FlynnXa to thesims [link] [comments]

HHH Essential Album of the Week #116: Mos Def - Black on Both Sides

Every Wednesday we will discuss an album from our Essential Album List
Last week: Eminem - The Slim Shady LP
This week:: Mos Def - Black on Both Sides
All previous posts: Here
Black on Both Sides, Mos Def's debut album, was released on October 12 1999 to universal critical acclaim. Not since the emergence of A Tribe Called Quest, De La Soul (or any one of the heralded Native Tongues collective) had hip hop seen an MC as intelligent, lyrically proficient, consciously aware, and baby-butt smooth as Mos Def. Black On Both Sides can be seen as an extraordinary solo debut, an unlikely commercial success, an influential framework for unapologetically black albums that make noise in the mainstream, the best offering ever from Mos Def, or a loving time capsule for a Brooklyn lost. There is arguably no other hip-hop album released in 1999 with as much dimension and impact.
By late 1999 hip hop was at a critical juncture. The culture of hip-hop and the medium of rap were becoming more defined as separate entities while still occupying the same space as the century rapidly came to a close. At the 1999 Grammys, Lauryn Hill claimed the first ever Album Of The Year award for a hip-hop and R&B release, with the tour de force that is The Miseducation Of Lauryn Hill. But at the same time, Juvenile and Cash Money foreshadowed a commercial rap boom when they declared both 1999 and 2000 were theirs on one of the biggest hits of the year, “Back That Azz Up.” Dr. Dre’s 2001 would earn a gold certification in its first week en route to a platinum plaque with over 90 seconds of audio from a staged orgy on it.
There is more of a peaceful coexistence of rap on top and hip-hop in the underground now, but 1999 saw a second wave of tension between artists who were considered to be continuing the traditions of hip-hop and those who were perceived to be selling out for money and fame. It had happened once before in the late ’80s and early ’90s, when rap moved out West and many hip-hop traditionalists on the East Coast thought N.W.A were sensationalizing their lifestyle to pimp it across the country under the guise of “street knowledge.” Hence Common’s disappointment with the game in his 1994 track “I Used To Love H.E.R.” It seemed the first battle was lost as sales sky-rocketed while any semblance of consciousness in the mainstream was going to die along with Tupac and the Notorious B.I.G. So this second wave of resistance against the commercialization and globalization of hip-hop had much more urgency. It felt like a last stand against what was most likely inevitable.
Rap had already existed and thrived in other regions, but traditionalists, especially those in the five boroughs of NYC, felt it was more derivative each time another region got its hands on it. New York still occupied the majority of the charts with five of the 10 rap albums with the highest first week sales in 1999, but the gap was closing quickly. In addition to other regions gaining ground, albums from politically savvy veterans like Public Enemy or the Sugarhill Gang and newcomers like Nas and the Roots failed to register blips on the popular radar and even fell short critically in some cases. It was becoming dismal for fans and artists of substance alike, and though they knew they were on the losing team in terms of sales and popularity, one MC would give them a last glimmer of hope.
In many ways Mos was perfectly groomed to lead the conscious fight at the turn of the millennium. He watched hip-hop make its way through the NYC boroughs, and saw Biggie Smalls win freestyle battles on Bed-Stuy corners. He saw one of the biggest superstars of rap as a “local cat,” and would never forsake his Brooklyn roots no matter how high his star rose. He fully understood the exigence of the moment, fittingly making his recorded debut on De La Soul’s 1996 warning cry Stakes Is High. The Black Dante fits in seamlessly rhyming alongside veterans Posdnuos, Maseo, and Trugoy on “Big Brother Beat,” but he invigorates the track with his fresh, signature flow in just eight bars.
That Native Tongues tie would lead to him showing the world much more of what he could do alongside fellow crew member and Brooklynite Talib Kweli on Mos Def & Talib Kweli Are Black Star in 1998. From Brooklyn to Africa it was hard to find someone tapped into rap that wouldn’t respond to “One, two, three… ” with “Mos Def and Talib Kweli-i-i!” The perfect pairing established both as firmly local, but worldly MCs with head-spinning rhyming abilities. The album only hit #53 at its peak position on the charts, but it was critically beloved and caught the attention of the zeitgeist. Even so: Despite the buzz, there were still doubts about how the mighty Mos would perform commercially and fit into the changing landscape of the mainstream.
Enter Black On Both Sides — a marvelous solo debut from Mos Def that would briefly, yet brilliantly, blackhole some of the spotlight from the commercial takeover and give it back to hip-hop’s early tenets, back to New York and cognizance. Four months after its release, the album would hit number one on Billboard’s Top Rap Albums Chart and be certified Gold, signifying 500,000 units shipped. Back then, a lot of big rap albums would go Gold or close to it in their first week. Yet the album reaching those heights after moving just 78,000 units in its first week meant people were hooked long after the initial rush of the album’s newness. Ingenuity often takes time to sink in.
It’s not hard to see why the album grew on listeners. Black On Both Sides possesses a wonderful depth and breadth in the midst of a rhyme clinic with a steady current of blackness and Brooklyn as its lifeblood. The man either says, spells, or alludes to Brooklyn over 35 times on the album collectively, and does so 19 times on the track “Brooklyn” alone. The constant shoutouts don’t feel like overkill because he roams so far away home in the number of topics he touches on.
The Mighty Mos addresses the state of hip-hop on the intro “Fear Not Of Man,” the importance of community on “Love,” lust on “Ms. Fat Booty,” the dangers of flexing too hard and living life too fast on “Got” and “Speed Law,” the global water crisis on “New World Water,” the legacy of black music he is attempting to keep alive on “Rock ‘N’ Roll,” escaping poverty on “Climb,” black social mobility on “Mr. Nigga,” and much more. He does it all with dazzling wordplay, captivating storytelling, sophisticated similes and metaphors, and complex rhyme schemes.
Immediately he lets everyone know he’s in tune with what’s happening to the rap game on the intro “Fear Not of Man,” and positions himself as someone who should be heard in the matter. Yet it’s not some self-aggrandizing spiel. It’s simply an answer to a question: “Yo Mos, what’s getting ready to happen with hip-hop?” He replies: “Whatever’s happening with us.” He goes on to explain that “Me, you, everybody, we are hip-hop” and “Hip-hop is about the people.”
Though he offers tidbits about people not being valuable because they “got a whole lot of money” — setting himself in opposition to the birth of the bling era — he doesn’t come off as preachy or corny. There is a measured nonchalance that lets you know he’s spent a lot of time contemplating the fate of the culture he loves, and he’s not worried. It’s the perfect first offering to set the tone for the album because he comes off as knowledgeable, but he isn’t “trying to kick knowledge,” as Nas would say. That is a delicate balance to strike and Mos does it well, making what follows on the 17-track behemoth easy to digest and accept.
The intro frames the subsequent “Hip Hop” perfectly. It’s understood why Mos has to keep the OG Spoonie Gee alive with the opening line “One for the treble, two for the time.” Lines like “The industry just a better built cell block” still have plenty of bite, but they don’t come off as condescending. The sharp barbs feel more like a man who cares deeply for his people, his culture, and his music than some prophet sent to deliver the rap game from evil and temptation. The transition into the wonderful storytelling on “Love” further establishes his conviction and what he’s fighting for. His depiction of the love and warmth he felt despite a poor upbringing in the Roosevelt housing projects leads listeners to realize there is so much lost when a rapper’s downtrodden community is exploited for the sake of image and profit.
Mos continues with the engaging storytelling on “Ms. Fat Booty,” subverting the rise of the “video hoe” moment where women were basically only cast as eye candy ornaments. His story of how Sharice opened his nose up is masterful; it’s a testament to Mos’ skill that he was able to work an Idaho Potato into a rhyme and not come across irredeemably cheesy. Perhaps the best part of this song is that you can picture all of this going down in a Brooklyn club and continuing in the neighborhood, like a Spike Lee screenplay. Up to the halfway point of the album, it’s fair to say he hasn’t even left Brooklyn yet, but it’s already captivating.
When he does exit the borough, things get even more interesting. Dude comes with some smooth singing chops on “UMI Says,” and that change in form signifies a relocation from the local to the global geographically, but also a shift from a specific blackness in Brooklyn to blackness internationally and historically. This is the first sense we get of Mos Def the traveler, theologian, and philosopher. The stretch from “UMI Says” to “Climb” and from “Mr. Nigga” to “May-December” showcase how far Mos could wander despite being firmly rooted in Brooklyn. From the Arabic words — Umi (mother), Abi (father), Jiddo (grandfather) — on “UMI Says” to the nations without clean drinking water that come to mind on “New World Water” to the thorough statistical analysis of inequity that is “Mathematics,” Mos goes places where probably 95% of rappers don’t have the knowledge or skill to follow.
What partly ties everything he expands on together is the steady current of blackness underneath. “Rock ‘N’ Roll” in particular highlights a black legacy in rock music that you still can’t find in history textbooks to this day, featuring everyone from Chuck Berry to Bad Brains. Lines like “Fools done upset the Old Man Rive Made him carry slave ships and fed him dead niggas” on “New World Water” reminds you that his skin color informs his perspective first and foremost. “Mr. Nigga” reminds you that other people’s perspectives are informed first and foremost by his skin color as well, no matter where he gets to in life. “Habitat” shows you that there are Brooklyns all over the country, and all over the world with resonant lines like “Son I been plenty places in my life and time/ And regardless where home is, son home is mine.”
Another aspect that keeps Black On Both Sides cohesive is its production. Though this album isn’t quite Questlove and company locked in a studio together being geniuses, it is one of the more loosely affiliated Soulquarian projects. The sonics are not as groundbreaking and quintessential as they are on D’Angelo’s Voodoo or Erykah Badu’s Mama’s Gun, but they’re smart and sophisticated in matching Mos’ every move. (Mos was also heavily involved on the production side of the album, as he tends to be.)
On “Got,” Ali Shaheed Muhammad of A Tribe Called Quest and production crew the Ummah (with J Dilla and Q-Tip) keep things just engaging and varied enough to not be boring and let Mos’ lyrics shine. We of course can’t forget the legendary DJ Premier lending some classic New York boom bap and triumphant horns on “Mathematics.” A young 88-Keys also contributes some subtle brilliance on the keyboards on “Love,” “Speed Law,” and “May-December.” No sound ever detracts from Mos’ voice; they only serve to uplift and keep things moving.
More important than the relationship between Mos’ vocals and the sounds surrounding them, the production subtly enhances the motif of blackness. Peep this list of samples and tell me it’s not one of the most melanated things you’ve ever heard: “Fear Not For Man” by Fela Kuti (on “Fear Not Of Man”), “One Step” by Aretha Franklin (on “Ms. Fat Booty”), “Anyone Who Had A Heart” by Dionne Warwick (on “Know That”), “A Legend In His Own Mind” by Gil-Scott Heron (on “Mr. Nigga”), “We Live In Brooklyn” by Roy Ayers (on none other than “Brooklyn”), Angela Davis’ interview with Art Seigner (on “Mathematics”), James Brown’s classic “Funky Drummer” break (also on “Mathematics”), and “On And On” by Erykah Badu (again on “Mathematics”).
Though he strays far from Brooklyn in the breadth of topics he addresses, the borough’s steady presence is the first sign of how the album is aging. Mos Def refers to Brooklyn as Bucktown, and the album feels like a time capsule for a Brooklyn that no longer exists. The “luxury tenements” that Mos Def foreshadowed on “Hip Hop” indeed “choke the skyline” as deep as Bushwick and Flatbush. The areas he names where people get “got” have been gentrified.
No longer is the intersection of Broadway and Myrtle “black as midnight” as he describes it on “Mathematics.” Silly awning ordinances make businesses that have been thriving for decades look like they’ll be shut down soon. Murals depicting a white woman adorned in chains with pendants tell people to “Protect ya neck.” Google swoops in with ads that tell people who have lived in Brooklyn for decades that “You don’t know Bed-Stuy (yet).” Rents sky-rocket and displace multigenerational families, forcing them deeper into Brooklyn until rent in that area becomes unaffordable and they have to move again. The Brooklyn the Black Dante refers to is sadly gone and mostly colonized.
The album has aged beautifully in other ways, though. There are clear sight lines to contemporary, politically conscious albums like J Cole’s KOD. Black On Both Sides is still a blueprint for any conscious album that makes mainstream appeal bend to its sensibilities, such as recent classics like Kendrick Lamar’s To Pimp A Butterfly, Solange’s A Seat At The Table, and D’Angelo’s Black Messiah. It’s less than 100,000 copies away from a Platinum certification, and could reach the milestone soon with its 20th anniversary possibly providing a resurgence in sales.
Mos Def has turned into quite the traveler since Black On Both Sides, giving even more credibility to his hints of far-flung wisdom on the album. He had trouble leaving South Africa after spending three years living in Cape Town. He started performing under his Muslim name, Yasiin Bey, and has since dropped four more albums to varying critical receptions. He has contemplated retirement several times, but also promised three more albums during the rollout for his latest offering, Dec 99th with producer Ferrari Sheppard. Though Mos more often than not comes correct on the mic, only 2009’s The Ecstatic approaches the end-to-end, how-dare-you-skip-a-track greatness of Black On Both Sides.
submitted by The_Plow_King to hiphopheads [link] [comments]

Lost in the Sauce: March 15 - 21

Welcome to Lost in the Sauce, keeping you caught up on political and legal news that often gets buried in distractions and theater… or a global health crisis.
Announcement: After consideration, I am going to try to do a weekly round-up of the administration's coronavirus response. I'm not sure what day this will be posted, perhaps Thursdays. I debated if (1) I'll have time/energy to do it regularly and (2) if it will do more harm than good (eg putting too much negativity out there). So we'll try it out this week, see what happens. The sign up form now has an option to choose to receive an email when the coronavirus-focused round up is posted.
  1. How to support: If you enjoy my work, please consider becoming a patron. I do this to keep track and will never hide behind a paywall, but these projects take a lot of time and effort to create. Even a couple of dollars a month helps. Since someone asked a few weeks ago (thank you!), here's a PayPal option and Venmo.
  2. How to get notifications: If you’d like to be added to my newsletter, use this SIGNUP FORM and you’ll get these recaps in your inbox!
Let’s dig in!

Purge quietly continues

Counterterrorism purge

Acting DNI and Trump loyalist Richard Grenell fired the top two officials (non-paywalled version) at the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) on Wednesday. Acting Director Russell Travers and his deputy Peter Wall were “resistant to pressure to cut personnel” at the center, which was set up after 9/11 to protect the country from further terror attacks.
One of the former officials said that Travers walked into a meeting on Wednesday expecting to brief Grenell on the center when he was told that he was out. He had no intention or desire to retire, they said.
In the meeting, Grenell told Travers he would like to know “how long it would take you to leave,” according to one of the former officials, who was briefed on the meeting. Travers replied that he would need “a few weeks” to complete the administrative work, the official recounted.
“They said, ‘Great, we’ll afford you the opportunity to retire,’ ” the former official said.
While some inside the intelligence community say the diminishing threat from Al Qaeda and ISIS should lead to a downsizing of the center, others argue that it should keep its current size and instead take up the fight against far-right extremist groups.
There are reports that the NCTC is understaffed already and further downsizing will only bring chaos:
The NCTC’s biggest problem right now, officials say, is that it is understaffed. Of its roughly 1,000 employees, about 700 are full-time government workers and 300 are contractors. About 30 percent of the government workers are supposed to be loaned by the CIA and other agencies. But a significant number of these interagency transfer positions are vacant, an NCTC veteran said, weakening the cross-government mission. With Grenell’s hiring freeze, and the reluctance of the CIA and other agencies to send transfers, the personnel shortage is becoming more severe.
Former intelligence chiefs sound alarm
The following former intelligence chiefs wrote an op-ed in the Washington Post (non-paywalled summary) warning that “[w]e cannot let the covid-19 pandemic be a cover for the deeply destructive path being pursued by the Trump administration.”
Travers and his deputy, a career National Security Agency officer, were the epitome of what we strive for in national security: nonpartisan experts who serve the president and the American people with no regard to personal politics. Now both are gone, to be replaced by as-yet-unnamed acting heads who will undoubtedly know less and who will be more beholden to the intelligence community’s politicized leadership.
...Congress must reinvigorate the strictest of oversight to preserve what is left of the country’s prized, apolitical intelligence community. Post-9/11 reforms happened for a critical reason: The U.S. bureaucracy wasn’t prepared for a new era of threats. Indeed, the NCTC is a model of how the government should work in close coordination and with unity of effort in response to a crisis. It provides critical lessons for today’s challenge. The administration’s continued politicization of intelligence pulls the nation further from this goal, making us more vulnerable to the next national security threat regardless from where it emanates.

OPM resignation

The Director of the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), Dale Cabaniss, resigned suddenly last week after reportedly experiencing “poor treatment” from the parachuted-in head of the Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP), John McEntee, and White House liaison Paul Dans. The OPM is in charge of processing and approving/denying security clearances and functions as the human resources management policy shop for the federal government’s civil service.
McEntee was a Fox News production Assistant who joined the Trump campaign to organize and execute Trump’s rallies. At only 27 years old, he joined Trump’s administration as his body man (personal aide who accompanies the president everywhere). However, in 2018 McEntee was forced to resign due to gambling debts that prevented him from gaining a security clearance. Trump’s re-election campaign immediately hired him. Then, in January 2020, McEntee returned to the White House to direct the OPP, where Trump tasked him with identifying and purging officials throughout the administration who were not thought to be loyal enough to the president.
McEntee's return to the White House has roiled the administration with some officials criticizing the former Trump campaign staffer for what they see as an effort to stock the administration with his friends, including at least three college seniors… James Bacon, 23 and a senior at George Washington University, was hired to be one of McEntee’s righthand men as he tries to fill the Trump administration with loyalists and fire anyone who they suspect of disloyalty.

DOJ drops Concord case

Early last week, the Justice Department filed a motion to dismiss the charges against Concord Management and Consulting LLC and Concord Catering, both companies run by “Putin’s chef” Yevgeny Prigozhin. The original indictment was filed by Mueller against the two Concord companies, 13 Russian individuals, and the Internet Research Agency for conspiring to defraud the U.S. by interfering in the 2016 election. While the Concord companies will no longer be prosecuted, the Justice Department will continue to pursue the charges against the other entities and individuals, including Prigozhin himself.
Prosecutors explained that going forward with the trial would risk national security because Concord has been gaming the system to Russia’s benefit:
DOJ attorneys involved in the case, [Marc Raimondi, a spokesman for the Justice Department's National Security Division] said, reached the decision by evaluating "the risk versus the reward. Who are you going to hold accountable? They have nobody except an outside attorney. So what are you getting in return for all of this information that we're providing that details how we conduct investigations into foreign interference?"
Others have raised questions about the decision to drop the case, especially in light of Attorney General Barr’s continued interference in Mueller’s cases.
"I don't buy it," tweeted Marc Polymeropoulos, a former CIA officer who worked on the assessment of Russian election interference that was partially released to the public. "DOJ does this all the time with CIA info. There's a process for this. Something smells..."
"This is highly irregular," said Barbara McQuade, a former federal prosecutor. "These decisions are made before indictment."

Trump cases

Trump-appointed judge Trevor McFadden again put the Ways and Means Committee lawsuit for Trump’s taxes on hold last week. McFadden issued the stay for the same reason as he did the first time: to wait until a final decision is reached in the case for Don McGahn’s testimony. The full D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals is set to hear the McGahn case at the end of April, but the coronavirus outbreak could postpone the proceedings indefinitely.
McGahn presents several threshold questions that bear heavily on the Executive’s motion to dismiss here... The subpoena-enforcement issue is unsettled for now. And piecemeal litigation would be an inefficient use of resources. These reasons alone favor a stay… Thus, the Court will await further proceedings in McGahn before it acts...
Also due to the coronavirus outbreak, the Supreme Court will be delaying oral arguments for the foreseeable future. This includes the three cases seeking Trump’s financial records: Manhattan DA Vance’s subpoena to Mazars, the House Oversight Committee’s subpoena to Mazars, and subpoenas issued by two House committees to Deutsche Bank and Capital One. The hearings were scheduled for this week. It is not clear when arguments will take place.

McConnell presses judges to retire

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell is pressing (non-paywalled) sitting judges who are eligible to retire to quickly step aside so Trump can nominate and confirm their replacements before the November elections. There are about 90 Republican judges (ie appointed by Reagan, Bush Sr., and Bush Jr.) who have the choice to retire.
According to the New York Times, “Republicans are reminding the judges that it could be another eight years — 2029 — before they could leave under a Republican president.” This gives the impression that Republicans are increasingly worried about Trump’s prospects for re-election.
Judicial advocacy group Demand Justice’s Executive Director Brian Fallon: Mitch McConnell is directly pressuring sitting judges to retire to manufacture new vacancies for Trump to fill with younger nominees. This is conservative court packing.

Texas upholds voter fraud sentence

A three-judge panel of the Fort Worth appeals court upheld a lower court’s sentence of 5 years in prison for illegal voting. Crystal Mason cast a ballot while on supervised release because she did not know that she couldn't vote after she was released from jail; according to the law, felons must finish their sentences entirely, including probation. Mason cast a provisional ballot in the 2016 election that was not counted. When taken to trial in 2018, Mason’s probation officers testified to the court that they never told Mason that she couldn’t vote.
“Contrary to Mason’s assertion, the fact that she did not know she was legally ineligible to vote was irrelevant to her prosecution,” Justice Wade Birdwell wrote for a three-judge panel on Texas’ second court of appeals.
According to The Guardian: “The decision to prosecute Mason was unusual. Since 2014, at least 12,668 people have voted using a provisional ballot in Tarrant county and 88% of them have been rejected because the voter was not eligible. Mason is the only voter who used a provisional ballot who was prosecuted for illegal voting.”
Mason’s attorneys intend to ask the full court of appeals to rehear the case.

Duncan Hunter sentenced

Last Tuesday, former California Rep. Duncan Hunter (R) was sentenced to 11 months in jail and three years of probation after pleading guilty to misusing more than $200,000 in campaign funds for personal expenses.
Federal prosecutors charged that Hunter had fraudulently spent more than $200,000 on expenses that included a $14,000 Italian vacation and thousands of dollars on routine items like groceries, bedding and other household items.
Margaret pleaded guilty to one count of conspiring with her husband to use $25,000 in campaign funds for personal use, and is yet to be sentenced. Duncan Hunter appeared to blame his wife for the then-alleged crimes in a television interview at the time, saying she was the one handling his finances.

Border wall still being built

Despite the pandemic sweeping America, causing severe shortages everywhere, the Trump administration is continuing to spend resources on building a wall at the southern border. Last week, the Department of Homeland Security and the Customs and Border Patrol announced a plan to build over 91 miles of barriers along the Arizona-Mexico border, waiving a series of federal laws in order to speed up construction.
DHS published a notice on Monday in the Federal Register waiving 37 environmental and cultural laws to expedite construction of the 91.5 miles in Arizona, plus 86 miles along other parts of the U.S.-Mexico border.
Environmentalists warn that the 30-foot-high steel fencing will close all remaining wildlife corridors that the few jaguars still active in the United States use to wander their habitat: “The new border walls will mean the end of jaguar recovery in the United States,” said Randy Serraglio, a conservation advocate at the Center for Biological Diversity. “This tragedy’s all the more heartbreaking because walling off these beautiful wildlands is completely unnecessary and futile. It has nothing to do with border security and everything to do to with Trump’s racist campaign promise.”
Cost of border wall vs cost of ventilators
Out of curiosity, I calculated how many ventilators could be purchased with the money Trump is pouring into the border wall this year. Taking into account just the $7.2 billion in military funds Trump transferred to the wall project earlier this year, the administration could buy 144,000 ICU-grade ventilators for the nation.
Currently, the U.S. emergency medical stockpile has only 13,000 ventilators according to the coronavirus task force. Hospitals are reportedly avoiding ordering ventilators themselves because they can’t afford the $25,000-50,000 price tag per machine.

Border Patrol didn’t keep records of families

A report by the Government Accountability Office revealed that Customs and Border Patrol agents consistently failed to record when children were separated from family units at the southern border:
GAO found Border Patrol did not initially record 14 of the 40 children as a member of a family unit (linked to a parent’s record) per Border Patrol policy, and thus did not record their subsequent family separation.
GAO found an additional 10 children among the 40 whose family separations were not documented in Border Patrol’s data system as required by CBP policy during this period. Border Patrol officials were unsure of the extent of these problems, and stated that, among other things, data-entry errors may have arisen due to demands on agents as the number of family unit apprehensions increased
Bennie Thompson, chair of the House Homeland Security Committee:
“Not only was this administration’s family separation policy heartless — they bungled its implementation at every turn," Thompson said in a statement. "The Acting DHS Secretary claims no children have been lost — but is withholding documents on this matter from Congress. It’s time for the Administration to come clean and provide these so we can get a full accounting of this policy.” (Source)

Trouble at Trump Doonbeg

A local Irish planning board denied the Trump Organization’s request to build a sea wall to protect its Doonbeg golf resort from coastal erosion. The board said it was “not satisfied beyond reasonable scientific doubt that the proposed development would not adversely affect the integrity of the Carrowmore Dunes special area of conservation.”
The Trump Organization may close the resort if it is not allowed to build the sea wall, it says. Local residents and businesses are upset with the ruling because the Doonbeg course provides jobs for roughly 300 locals.
The struggling Irish resort has had one steady source of income, though: American taxpayers paid Trump’s company $15,144.94 for Secret Service lodging during Vice President Mike Pence’s September 2019 trip to the resort, according to CREW.
We can now say definitively that Pence’s detour not only cost taxpayers extra due to large transportation costs, but also that the bill subsidized one of Trump’s struggling businesses. Despite Trump spending $41 million to buy, renovate, and operate the property, Doonbeg has never turned a profit. That hasn’t stopped (and some suggest it has encouraged) Trump making a visit to the property.
...To accommodate Pence’s stay at Doonbeg, taxpayers also had to foot the bill for extensive travel. In September, CREW reported that government contracts for limousine transportation associated with the visit amounted to $599,454.36. The new documents show a $222,764.05 bill for the same limo service, but it is unclear whether that is in addition to the previously reported contracts, or a part of that cost.

Trump Jr.’s donor party

Don Jr.’s girlfriend, Fox News-alum Kimberly Guilfoyle, had a “lavish” birthday party at Mar-a-Lago last Sunday, attended by dozens of Trump family and friends. The party-goers reportedly picked up the tab, included at least four financial supporters of the president’s re-election campaign. The New York Times reported (non-paywalled) that the attendees paid a signifcant amount of the $50,000 total cost.
Brendan Fischer, an official at the Campaign Legal Center, a nonpartisan watchdog group, called the party “an illustration of the blurred lines between Trump’s presidency, his campaign, and his family’s personal and financial interests.”
...Donald Trump Jr. reportedly joked that Ms. Guilfoyle would be soliciting contributions for his father’s re-election from party attendees.
“You are in this room for a reason,” he said, according to The Washington Examiner. “You guys have been the warriors, the fighters, the people who have been there every time we have made a call, every time we made a request.”

Kentucky voting restrictions

While the nation has been distracted with the pandemic, Kentucky lawmakers approved new photo ID requirements that make it harder for Americans to vote. Previously, a voter only had to sign an affidavit swearing that they were unable to obtain acceptable identification for whatever reason. Now, lawmakers will only accept specific approved reasons for lacking an ID and require that only Kentucky IDs can be used to vote.
DMV offices, one of the most common places people would obtain a photo ID throughout the state are also closed as Kentucky deals with 47 cases of Covid-19 thus far. The Kentucky primary is scheduled to take place on 23 June (the state postponed it from 19 May amid the coronavirus outbreak) and the deadline to register is 20 April.
While Kentucky’s governor, Andy Beshear, is a Democrat and can veto the bill, the state’s legislature is controlled by Republicans and can vote to override the veto. It is likely they will override a veto because the Republicans want the new law in place for Mitch McConnell’s re-election this November.

DHS IG’s office

The Washington Post reports that the Inspector General’s office of DHS is essentially dormant under Trump:
The Department of Homeland Security’s internal watchdog division has been so weakened under the Trump administration that it is failing to provide basic oversight of the government’s third-largest federal agency, according to whistleblowers and lawmakers from both parties.
DHS’s Office of the Inspector General is on pace to publish fewer than 40 audits and reports this fiscal year, the smallest number since 2003 and one-quarter of the agency’s output in 2016, when it published 143, records show. The audits and reports cover everything from contracts and spending to allegations of waste and misconduct.
Meanwhile, DHS has an unprecedented amount of vacancies:
It has been nearly a year since the Department of Homeland Security has had a Senate-confirmed leader. Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf, the fourth person to lead the agency in three years, has been on the job less than six months.
In addition, 65 percent of top jobs in the department are vacant or filled by acting appointees, more than in any other federal agency, according to the Partnership for Public Service, a nonprofit group that advocates for more effective government. Among the vacancies are the No. 2 official at the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the department's top lawyer and the head of the country's immigration system.

Environmental sabotage continues

Far right threat

The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) reports that there has been a 55% increase in the number of far-right extremist groups since 2017. Several of these groups identify themselves as “accelerationists," who believe "mass violence is necessary to bring about the collapse of our pluralistic society,” according to the report.
Much of the movement’s energy lies in the growing accelerationist wing, which, for the most part, is organized in informal online communities rather than formal groups.
Also last week, Yahoo News revealed an intelligence brief written by the Federal Protective Service warning that white supremacists on the encrypted messaging app Telegram have discussed plans to weaponize the coronavirus via “saliva,” a “spray bottle” or “laced items.”
According to the Federal Protective Service intelligence brief, the discussion of spreading the coronavirus occurred in a channel on the app Telegram that is devoted to the “siege culture” philosophies of neo-Nazi author James Mason and “accelerationism.” Mason wrote a series of newsletters titled “Siege” in the 1980s that advocated for acts of racial terrorism in order to hasten a war that would cause the breakdown of society.

Pompeo threatens ICC

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo responded to news that the International Criminal Court will investigate alleged war crimes committed by United States forces in Afghanistan by bashing the decision and threatening court staff and their family members:
"It has recently come to my attention that the chef de cabinet to the prosecutor, Sam Shoamanesh, and the head of jurisdiction, complementarity, and cooperation division, Phakiso Mochochoko, are helping drive ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda's effort to use this court to investigate Americans," the secretary of state said. "I'm examining this information now and considering what the United States' next steps ought to be with respect to these individuals and all those who are putting Americans at risk."
"We want to identify those responsible for this partisan investigation and their family members who may want to travel to the United States or engage in activity that's inconsistent with making sure we protect Americans," he continued.
Amnesty International condemned Pompeo’s statement:
“Perpetrators the world over now have a clear message from the United States: they too may demand impunity when their nationals are accused of the gravest of crimes… Secretary Pompeo’s open threat against family members of ICC staff is an ominous move. If there remained any doubt that the Trump Administration’s hostility towards the court is fundamentally punitive and callous in nature, these doubts have now been dispelled.”
submitted by rusticgorilla to Keep_Track [link] [comments]

CFP: Embodied Environmental Risk in Technical Communication

Request for Chapters
Embodied Environmental Risk in Technical Communication: Local and Global Contexts
Deadline for Proposal Submissions:October 15, 2020.

We invite chapter proposals from both scholars and practitioners of environmental and disaster risk communication for an edited collection which the ATTW Book Series Editor, Tharon Howard, has invited us to submit for consideration for the research line of theATTW Book Series in Technical and Professional Communication.
Edited by Samuel Stinson, Minot State University and Mary Le Rouge, Kent State University

For the past twenty years, scholars in technical communications have been studying the difficulties of enacting effective risk and crisis communication policies to address local and global environmental problems such as pandemics, natural and manmade disasters, medical emergencies, and workplace and community dangers (Ding, 2014; Potts, 2014; Angeli 2019; Sauer, 2003; Wash & Walker, 2016; Frost, 2014). Moreover, differences exist between embodied experience and abstract representation, separating those at risk from institutional policymakers, which can make effective risk communication more difficult (Sauer, 2003). This is especially true in circumstances in which embodied knowledge is dismissed as unimportant in official documentation of risky environments (Sauer, 2003, p. 5-6).
The objective of this collection is to improve technical communication for the general population through embodied, situated understanding of risk. In addition to providing a series of chapters about recent issues on risk communication, this volume offers a diverse look at methodological practices for researchers and practitioners looking to address embodied aspects of crisis and risk both locally and globally that incorporate UX, storytelling, and dynamic text with visuals.
We are looking to include chapters that bring embodiment to the forefront of risk communication, throughout the cycle of content creation, dissemination, public response and decision making, continuing iterations of educational efforts, and recovery, toward increasing adaptive capacity as a whole. In addition, we welcome contributions that focus on topics such as, but not limited to, overcoming perceptual difficulties, memory lapses, definitional differences, access issues, and pedagogical problems in the communication of risks to the general population. We invite work that holistically addresses:
  1. Representations of the human body as a site of public regulation through technical communication in response to health risks and crises.
Topics in this section could include:
· environmental pollution and injustice
· pandemic response, including physical distancing and mask wearing
· warning systems for natural disasters
Chapters on medical communication are welcome, but must have a direct link to broader systemic environmental problems such as global warming (which has promoted habitat loss and thus zoonotic spread of disease), plastic and chemical pollution, population growth, or reduced air and water quality because of fossil fuel burning.
2. Representations of the earth’s body and its parts/functions through technical communication.
Topics in this section could include:
· state of health and natural abundance
· illness, decay, imbalance, pollution
· systems theory that views the planet as a working body of complex, intertwined parts, each affecting the other, as in Gaia theory
Work here might entertain notions of geography and spatial/mapping issues, renditions of natural earth cycles and processes, cosmology and Earth’s place in the universe.
3. Representations of natural & manmade disasters through technical communication, where both humans and the earth together are experiencing physical hardship and a symbiosis between the two is sought.
Topics in this section could include:
· Concepts of balance and solutions that work toward synthesis of human/nonhuman ontologies
· Relationships between humans and animals and nonhuman entities investigated as key toward creating synergies
· Cyborg and artificial intelligence used to address risk
This could also include a consideration of transnational responses. These issues bring up questions such as: In what ways do representations of the earth’s body, specifically its parts and functions, mirror embodied human lived experience? How can we better understand and communicate about global crises in the context of the human body?
Please submit chapter proposals of no more than 500 words (not including citations) to[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
Include author name(s), institutional affiliation, and email addresses. Highlight an area of concern that your chapter focuses on, what readers will take away with them, and a brief list of citations you would include.
Deadline for Proposal Submissions: October 15th, 2020
Notification of Acceptance: November 15th, 2020
Draft Chapters Due: March 15, 2021
Final Chapters Due: June 30, 2021
Mary Le Rouge
Associate Publisher for Monographs, Collections, and Conference Proceedings
WAC Clearinghouse
Teaching Fellow and ABD Doctoral Student
English Rhetoric & Composition
Kent State University
[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
submitted by tengrrl to WPAannouncements [link] [comments]

Eco-Living Isn’t a Bad Pack...

Eco-Living Isn’t a Bad Pack...
Maybe this is an unpopular opinion, but I’m about to bust out that college writing gen-Ed requirement and give you the real ness of the situation.
1.) We LITERALLY have only just seen the trailer and brief descriptions of the pack. No one person not affiliated with testing or making these packs has even played it yet, and if so then they haven’t reviewed it officially. So it’s absolutely crazy to me that people are surmising it’s bad simply because “it’s not what we wanted!” Which brings me to this...
2.) We LITERALLY voted for it. That’s right, let’s take a trip down memory lane here folks. Remember when we got to vote for the first Community Stuff Pack? The one that became Laundry Day? We just voted for the Knitting Stuff Pack (and yes, we VOTED for that one too so if you’re upset about it, it’s either your fault or you’re vote was a minority vote.) Each time we do this, we vote on an over-arching theme, then delve deeper to make it viable for a Stuff Pack. What did we vote as the main theme for Laundry Day? Eco Living... that was literally the title. So lot’s of people were upset Laundry Day wasn’t exactly Eco Living, okay, so they took some of those ideas, EXPANDED, and gave it to us and now we’re... mad? Why? Because it’s not Horses? Speaking of...
3.) You can’t compare Eco-Living to Country Living because Country Living NEVER EXISTED. It was a hoax to be a false-leak, period. EA didn’t promise it, Maxis didn’t tease it- someone in the community decided to play a prank and you fell for it. It’s honestly insulting to the people who spent time and energy making Eco-Living to be told, “Well, it’s not Country Living so I hate it!” That’s like saying, “This new TV can’t broadcast candy through it like Willie Wonka so it sucks!” Because you can’t compare something real with something that isn’t. It’s delusional.
4.) A lot of people keep saying things like, “unoriginal”, “recycled”, and “reused” but then saying things like “How is a recycling machine supposed to fit into the game?” Or “What’s with that weird bug-box?” To me those contradict each other inherently. Since all we really have is the trailer, everyone is getting these assumptions from the trailer alone. Thus, I’ll be using the trailer to refute it. First of all, do you even know what the heck that bug box is?! Because I don’t! So how can you guess what it’s used for or if it’s original? “But it looks like a bee box!” Yeah? And a sofa looks like a sofa, the hot tub looks like a ball pit, not to mention that cats look like dogs. Get over it. Plus, did you see the machines? I saw at least 5; a recycler, the fizzy drink station, candle making station, 3D printer (+tablet), the weird glass box with two levers and giant thing out the top, AND that other weird machine no one seems to be talking about in the community lot scenes with the weird cubes on the screen. PLUS solar panels, Wind Turbines, a CHANGEABLE WORLD, dumpster diving, new ingredients/collectibles, a new lot type with entirely unique mechanics, new gardening furniture, in addition to a new career the rest of the things added in BB and CAS. If anything, this will have more content than Cats & Dogs when you break it down.
5.) “But its Island Living/Tiny Living!” I’ll concede, does it work exceptionally well with them both? Yes! Does it mean it should’ve been put in them both? No! I will say this, recycling and cleaning the world and even solawind would’ve been great in Island Living. That being said- a changeable world is already present, plus Island Living focuses on CONSERVATION/RECYCLING this pack focuses on REJUVINATION/UPCYCLING. The first being more naturalist based and the later being more inventive based. I think people forget that Island Living added a LOT of stuff as it is, and while some of this stuff would’ve fit it’s unfair for us to say “make this one pack twice the size for the same cost because it fits better!” If that happened, then every pack after would have the same expectation and it would break the established pack-standards. Remember; EA and Maxis aren’t your buddies, they’re a business. Maxis is great with its customers but at the ends of the day falls under EA and we know what EA’s goal is... money. Don’t like it? Don’t buy it. I will concede that the Wind/WateSolar should’ve gone with the Off The Grid Lot trait, but remember that it came out for FREE with base game as an update and not exclusively with Island Living. As for Tiny Living... it’s a stuff pack! A STUFF... PACK. Would you REALLY want a Game Pack (or god forbid) EXPANSION Pack on just Tiny Living?
6.) Finally, we need to talk a bit about how these packs work. A pack is not meant to be a standalone experience, it’s meant to take some aspect of the Base Game or something that’s not there and add on to it. A Stuff Pack adds styles and a fun item not fully present. A Game Pack adds fun gameplay mechanics that flesh-out an experience or offer a new one. An Expansion Pack though fully takes an aspect of the game an Expands It fully. Whether it was pets with Cats and Dogs, the passing of time with Seasons, the realities of popularity with Get Famous, or even the naturalist lifestyle with Island Living. Now, we’re exploring the idea of not just living WITH nature, but helping to GROW nature and make it flourish in a natural and non-constructed habitat. If you don’t like it, don’t buy it. You’re not supposed to like every pack. If everyone liked every single pack then none of us would have a personality or the packs would just all be the same or so few in number it wouldn’t matter. Everyone has different tastes, do you think I like Stranger Ville? Or half of the stuff packs?
In conclusion; remember that there are genuine real human beings working on these packs, and is every pack perfect? No. But is it their fault? No. At the end of the day, it’s the fault of our society’s hungry need for money and the nature of business that detracts the most from these projects. So don’t fault the creators, fault the ones getting rich off the creators. Or, y’know- build a bridge and get over it.
submitted by FlynnXa to Sims4 [link] [comments]

SB-06-57: Cannabis Deregulation Act

Cannabis Deregulation Act

Be it enacted by the general assembly of the state of Sierra
Whereas; Existing Sierran law imposes onerous restrictions on the ability of entrepreneurs to cultivate, process, deliver, and market cannabis, stifling the legal market and leading to the proliferation of cannabis black markets;
Whereas; Especially egregious regulations and stipulations are required to be met in order to obtain a cannabis license, preventing Sierrans from even entering the legal market;
Whereas; Additional taxes, licensing fees, and lack of flexibility in cannabis pricing keeps the price of commercial cannabis products sky high, making it more economical for most Sierrans to continue purchasing cannabis via illegal means;
Whereas; It is imperative that regulations, fees, and taxes regarding the sale, cultivation, transport, and marketing of commercial cannabis are relaxed to promote economic growth and to promote the supplantation of cannabis black markets by legal markets;

Section I. Findings

(a) The Sierran Assembly finds that;
(1) The State of Sierra has been heavy-handed in the regulation, taxation, and licensing of cannabis sale, transport, cultivation, and marketing, stifling legal cannabis markets.
(2) The State of Sierra recognizes that legal markets are safer than black markets and the health of the legal market is paramount to the safety of Sierran citizens.
(3) The State of Sierra recognizes that action must be taken to promote legal cannabis markets by relaxing regulations, licensing restrictions, miscellaneous fees, and taxes surrounding the sale, transport, cultivation, and marketing of cannabis, cannabis products, and cannabis accessories.

Section II. General Provisions

(a) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26051.5 is hereby amended to read:
(a) An applicant for any type of state license issued pursuant to this division shall do all of the following:
(1) Require that each owner electronically submit to the Department of Justice fingerprint images and related information required by the Department of Justice of all applicants for any type of state license issued pursuant to this division, for the purpose of obtaining information as to the existence and content of a record of state or federal convictions and state and federal arrests, and also information as to the existence and content of a record of state or federal convictions and arrests for which the Department of Justice establishes that the person is free on bail or on their own recognizance pending trial or appeal.
(A) Notwithstanding any other law, the Bureau of Cannabis Control, the Department of Food and Agriculture, and the State Department of Public Health may obtain and receive, at their discretion, criminal history information from the Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation for an applicant for any state license under this division, including any license established by a licensing authority by regulation pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 26012.
(B) When received, the Department of Justice shall transmit fingerprint images and related information received pursuant to this section to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for the purpose of obtaining a federal criminal history records check. The Department of Justice shall review the information returned from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and compile and disseminate a response to the licensing authority.
(C) The Department of Justice shall provide a response to the licensing authority pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (p) of Section 11105 of the Penal Code.
(D) The licensing authority shall request from the Department of Justice subsequent notification service, as provided pursuant to Section 11105.2 of the Penal Code, for applicants.
(E) The Department of Justice shall charge the applicant a fee sufficient to cover the reasonable cost of processing the requests described in this paragraph.
(2) Provide evidence of the legal right to occupy and use the proposed location and provide a statement from the landowner of real property or that landowner’s agent where the commercial cannabis activity will occur, as proof to demonstrate the landowner has acknowledged and consented to permit commercial cannabis activities to be conducted on the property by the tenant applicant.
(3) Provide evidence that the proposed location is in compliance with subdivision (b) of Section 26054.
(4) Provide a statement, signed by the applicant under penalty of perjury, that the information provided is complete, true, and accurate.
(5) Provide the applicant’s valid seller’s permit number issued pursuant to Part 1 (commencing with Section 6001) of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code or indicate that the applicant is currently applying for a seller’s permit.
(6) Provide any other information required by the licensing authority.
(7) For an applicant seeking a cultivation license, provide a statement declaring the applicant is an “agricultural employer,” as defined in the Alatorre-Zenovich-Dunlap-Berman Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975 (Part 3.5 (commencing with Section 1140) of Division 2 of the Labor Code), to the extent not prohibited by law.
(8) Pay all applicable fees required for licensure by the licensing authority.
(A) Provide a statement, upon initial application and application for renewal, that the applicant employs, or will employ within one year of receiving or renewing a license, one supervisor and one employee who have successfully completed a Cal-OSHA 30-hour general industry outreach course offered by a training provider that is authorized by an OSHA Training Institute Education Center to provide the course. This paragraph shall not be construed to alter or amend existing requirements for employers to provide occupational safety and health training to employees.
(B) An applicant with only one employee shall not be subject to subparagraph (A).
(C) For purposes of this paragraph “employee” “employee” does not include a supervisor.
(D) For the purposes of this paragraph, “supervisor” means an individual having authority, in the interest of the applicant, to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or responsibility to direct them or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend such action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of that authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature, but requires the use of independent judgment.
(b) An applicant shall also include in the application a detailed description of the applicant’s operating procedures for all of the following, as required by the licensing authority:
(1) Cultivation.
(2) Extraction and infusion methods.
(3) The transportation process.
(b) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26052 is hereby repealed.
(c) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26054(a) is hereby repealed and the following clauses renumbered accordingly.
(d) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26055 is hereby amended to read:
(a) Licensing authorities may issue state licenses only to qualified applicants.
(b) Revocation of a state license issued under this division shall terminate the ability of the licensee to operate pursuant to that license within California until a new license is obtained.
(c) Licensing authorities shall not approve an application for a state license under this division if approval of the state license will violate the provisions of any local ordinance or regulation adopted in accordance with Section 26200.
(d) An applicant may voluntarily provide proof of a license, permit, or other authorization from the local jurisdiction verifying that the applicant is in compliance with the local jurisdiction. An applicant that voluntarily submits a valid, unexpired license, permit, or other authorization from the local jurisdiction shall be presumed to be in compliance with all local ordinances unless the licensing authority is notified otherwise by the local jurisdiction. The licensing authority shall notify the contact person for the local jurisdiction of any applicant that voluntarily submits a valid, unexpired license, permit, or other authorization from the local jurisdiction.
(1) A local jurisdiction shall provide to the bureau a copy of any ordinance or regulation related to commercial cannabis activity and the name and contact information for the person who will serve as the contact for state licensing authorities regarding commercial cannabis activity within the jurisdiction. If a local jurisdiction does not provide a contact person, the bureau shall assume that the clerk of the legislative body of the local jurisdiction is the contact person.
(2) Whenever there is a change in a local ordinance or regulation adopted pursuant to Section 26200 or a change in the contact person for the jurisdiction, the local jurisdiction shall provide that information to the bureau.
(3) The bureau shall share the information required by this subdivision with the other licensing authorities.
(1) The licensing authority shall deny an application for a license under this division for a commercial cannabis activity that the local jurisdiction has notified the bureau is prohibited in accordance with subdivision (f). The licensing authority shall notify the contact person for the local jurisdiction of each application denied due to the local jurisdiction’s indication that the commercial cannabis activity for which a license is sought is prohibited by a local ordinance or regulation.
(2) Prior to issuing a state license under this division for any commercial cannabis activity, if an applicant has not provided adequate proof of compliance with local laws pursuant to subdivision (e):
(A) The licensing authority shall notify the contact person for the local jurisdiction of the receipt of an application for commercial cannabis activity within their jurisdiction.
(B) A local jurisdiction may notify the licensing authority that the applicant is not in compliance with a local ordinance or regulation. In this instance, the licensing authority shall deny the application.
(C) A local jurisdiction may notify the licensing authority that the applicant is in compliance with all applicable local ordinances and regulations. In this instance, the licensing authority may proceed with the licensing process.
(D) If the local jurisdiction does not provide notification of compliance or noncompliance with applicable local ordinances or regulations, or otherwise does not provide notification indicating that the completion of the local permitting process is still pending, within 60 business days of receiving the inquiry from a licensing authority submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A), the licensing authority shall make a rebuttable presumption that the applicant is in compliance with all local ordinances and regulations adopted in accordance with Section 26200, except as provided in subparagraphs (E) and (F).
(E) At any time after expiration of the 60-business-day period set forth in subparagraph (D), the local jurisdiction may provide written notification to the licensing authority that the applicant or licensee is not in compliance with a local ordinance or regulation adopted in accordance with Section 26200. Upon receiving this notification, the licensing authority shall not presume that the applicant or licensee has complied with all local ordinances and regulations adopted in accordance with Section 26200, and may commence disciplinary action in accordance with Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 26030). If the licensing authority does not take action against the licensee before the time of the renewal of the license, the license shall not be renewed until and unless the local jurisdiction notifies the licensing authority that the licensee is once again in compliance with local ordinances.
(F) A presumption by a licensing authority pursuant to this paragraph that an applicant has complied with all local ordinances and regulations adopted in accordance with Section 26200 shall not prevent, impair, or preempt the local government from enforcing all applicable local ordinances or regulations against the applicant, nor shall the presumption confer any right, vested or otherwise, upon the applicant to commence or continue operating in any local jurisdiction except in accordance with all local ordinances or regulations.
(3) For purposes of this section, “notification” includes written notification or access by a licensing authority to a local jurisdiction’s registry, database, or other platform designated by a local jurisdiction, containing information specified by the licensing authority, on applicants to determine local compliance.
(g) Without limiting any other statutory exemption or categorical exemption, Division 13 (commencing with Section 21000) of the Public Resources Code does not apply to the adoption of an ordinance, rule, or regulation by a local jurisdiction that requires discretionary review and approval of permits, licenses, or other authorizations to engage in commercial cannabis activity. To qualify for this exemption, the discretionary review in any such law, ordinance, rule, or regulation shall include any applicable environmental review pursuant to Division 13 (commencing with Section 21000) of the Public Resources Code. This subdivision shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021.
(e) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26060.1 is hereby amended to read:
(a) An application for a license for cultivation issued by the Department of Food and Agriculture shall identify the source of water supply as follows:
(A) If water will be supplied by a retail water supplier, as defined in Section 13575 of the Water Code, the application shall identify the retail water supplier.
(B) Paragraph (3) does not apply to any water subject to subparagraph (A) unless the retail water supplier has 10 or fewer customers, the applicant receives 10 percent or more of the water supplied by the retail water supplier, 25 percent or more of the water delivered by the retail water supplier is used for cannabis cultivation, or the applicant and the retail water supplier are affiliates, as defined in Section 2814.20 of Title 23 of the California Code of Regulations.
(2) If the water supply includes a diversion within the meaning of Section 5100 of the Water Code, the application shall identify the point of diversion and the maximum amount to be diverted as follows:
(A) For an application submitted after December 31, 2018, the application shall include a copy of one of the following:
(i) A small irrigation use registration certificate, permit, or license issued pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 1200) of Division 2 of the Water Code that covers the diversion.
(ii) A statement of water diversion and use filed with the State Water Resources Control Board that covers the diversion and specifies the amount of water used for cannabis cultivation.
(iii) Documentation submitted to the State Water Resources Control Board demonstrating that the diversion is subject to subdivision (a), (c), (d), or (e) of Section 5101 of the Water Code.
(iv) Documentation submitted to the State Water Resources Control Board demonstrating that the diversion is authorized under a riparian right and that no diversion occurred after January 1, 2010, and in the calendar year in which the application is submitted. The documentation shall be submitted on or accompany a form provided by the State Water Resources Control Board and shall include all of the information outlined in subdivisions (a) to (d), inclusive, and (e) of Section 5103 of the Water Code. The documentation shall also include a general description of the area in which the water will be used in accordance with subdivision (g) of Section 5103 of the Water Code and the year in which the diversion is planned to commence.
(b) The Department of Food and Agriculture shall include in any license for cultivation all of the following:
(1) Conditions requested by the Department of Fish and Wildlife and the State Water Resources Control Board to: (A) ensure that individual and cumulative effects of water diversion and discharge associated with cultivation do not affect the instream flows needed for fish spawning, migration, and rearing, and the flows needed to maintain natural flow variability; (B) ensure that cultivation does not negatively impact springs, riparian habitat, wetlands, or aquatic habitat; and (C) otherwise protect fish, wildlife, fish and wildlife habitat, and water quality. The conditions shall include, but not be limited to, the principles, guidelines, and requirements established pursuant to Section 13149 of the Water Code.
(2) Any relevant mitigation requirements the Department of Food and Agriculture identifies as part of its approval of the final environmental documentation for the cannabis cultivation licensing program as requirements that should be included in a license for cultivation. Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code does not apply to the identification of these mitigation measures. This paragraph does not reduce any requirements established pursuant to Division 13 (commencing with Section 21000) of the Public Resources Code.
(c) The Department of Food and Agriculture shall consult with the State Water Resources Control Board and the Department of Fish and Wildlife in the implementation of this section.
(d) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of subdivision (b), the Department of Food and Agriculture is not responsible for verifying compliance with the conditions requested or imposed by the Department of Fish and Wildlife or the State Water Resources Control Board. The Department of Fish and Wildlife or the State Water Resources Control Board, upon finding and making the final determination of a violation of a condition included pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (b), shall notify the Department of Food and Agriculture, which may take appropriate action with respect to the licensee in accordance with Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 26030).
(f) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26063 is hereby repealed.
(g) Sierran Business and Professions Code Division 10 Chapter 6.5 is hereby repealed in its entirety.
(h) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26180(c) is hereby repealed and the following clauses renumbered accordingly.
(i) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26161.5(b) is hereby repealed and the following clauses renumbered accordingly.
(j) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26070 is hereby amended to read:
(a) State licenses to be issued by the bureau related to the sale and distribution of cannabis and cannabis products are as follows:
(1) “Retailer,” for the retail sale and delivery of cannabis or cannabis products to customers. A retailer shall have a licensed premises which is a physical location from which commercial cannabis activities are conducted. A retailer’s premises may be closed to the public. A retailer may conduct sales exclusively by delivery.
(2) “Distributor,” for the distribution of cannabis and cannabis products. A distributor licensee shall be bonded and insured at a minimum level established by the licensing authority.
(A) “Microbusiness,” for the cultivation of cannabis on an area less than 10,000 square feet and to act as a licensed distributor, Level 1 manufacturer, and retailer under this division, provided such licensee can demonstrate compliance with all requirements imposed by this division on licensed cultivators, distributors, Level 1 manufacturers, and retailers to the extent the licensee engages in such activities. Microbusiness licenses that authorize cultivation of cannabis shall include the license conditions described in subdivision (b) of Section 26060.1.
(B) In coordination with each other, the licensing authorities shall establish a process by which an applicant for a microbusiness license can demonstrate compliance with all the requirements under this division for the activities that will be conducted under the license.
(C) The bureau may enter into interagency agreements with licensing authorities to implement and enforce the provisions of this division related to microbusinesses. The costs of activities carried out by the licensing authorities as requested by the bureau pursuant to the interagency agreement shall be calculated into the application and licensing fees collected pursuant to this division, and shall provide for reimbursement to state agencies for associated costs as provided for in the interagency agreement.
(b) The bureau shall establish minimum security and transportation safety requirements for the commercial distribution and delivery of cannabis and cannabis products. Except as provided in subdivision (d) of Section 26110, the transportation of cannabis and cannabis products shall only be conducted by persons holding a distributor license under this division or employees of those persons. Transportation safety standards established by the bureau shall include, but not be limited to, minimum standards governing the types of vehicles in which cannabis and cannabis products may be distributed and delivered and minimum qualifications for persons eligible to operate such vehicles.
(c) The driver of a vehicle transporting or transferring cannabis or cannabis products shall be directly employed by a licensee authorized to transport or transfer cannabis or cannabis products.
(d) Notwithstanding any other law, all vehicles transporting cannabis and cannabis products for hire shall be required to have a valid motor carrier permit pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 34620) of Division 14.85 of the Vehicle Code. The Department of the California Highway Patrol shall have authority over the safe operation of these vehicles, including, but not limited to, requiring licensees engaged in the transportation of cannabis or cannabis products to participate in the Basic Inspection of Terminals (BIT) program pursuant to Section 34501.12 of the Vehicle Code.
(e) Prior to transporting cannabis or cannabis products, a licensed distributor shall do both of the following:
(1) Complete an electronic shipping manifest as prescribed by the licensing authority.
(f) During transportation, the licensed distributor shall maintain a physical copy of the shipping manifest and make it available upon request to agents of the Department of Consumer Affairs and law enforcement officers.
(g) The licensee receiving the shipment shall maintain each electronic shipping manifest and shall make it available upon request to the Department of Consumer Affairs and any law enforcement officers.
(h) Transporting, or arranging for or facilitating the transport of, cannabis or cannabis products in violation of this chapter is grounds for disciplinary action against the license.
(i) Licensed retailers and microbusinesses, and licensed nonprofits under Section 26070.5, shall implement security measures reasonably designed to prevent unauthorized entrance into areas containing cannabis or cannabis products and theft of cannabis or cannabis products from the premises. These security measures shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(1) Prohibiting individuals from remaining on the licensee’s premises if they are not engaging in activity expressly related to the operations of the retailer.
(2) Establishing limited access areas accessible only to authorized personnel.
(3) Other than limited amounts of cannabis used for display purposes, samples, or immediate sale, storing all finished cannabis and cannabis products in a secured and locked room, safe, or vault, and in a manner reasonably designed to prevent diversion, theft, and loss.
(j) A retailer shall notify the licensing authority and the appropriate law enforcement authorities within 24 hours after discovering any of the following:
(1) Significant discrepancies identified during inventory. The level of significance shall be determined by the bureau.
(2) Diversion, theft, loss, or any criminal activity pertaining to the operation of the retailer.
(3) Diversion, theft, loss, or any criminal activity by any agent or employee of the retailer pertaining to the operation of the retailer.
(4) The loss or unauthorized alteration of records related to cannabis or cannabis products, registered qualifying patients, primary caregivers, or retailer employees or agents.
(5) Any other breach of security that is reasonably beyond a minor misunderstanding.
(k) Beginning January 1, 2018, a licensee may sell cannabis or cannabis products that have not been tested for a limited and finite time as determined by the bureau. The cannabis or cannabis products must have a label affixed to each package containing the cannabis or cannabis products that clearly states “This product has not been tested as required by the Medicinal and Adult-Use Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act” and must comply with any other requirement as determined by the bureau.
(k) Sierran Business and Professions Code Section 26070.1 and 26070.2 are hereby repealed.

Section III. Enactment and Severability clause

(a) Severability.—Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, if any provision of this section, or any amendment made by this section, or the application of such provision or amendment to any person or circumstance is held to be unconstitutional, this section and amendments made by this section and the application of such provision or amendment to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected thereby.
(b) This Act shall go into effect 90 days after the passage of the act through the Sierran General Assembly.
Authored and sponsored by: Congressman ProgrammaticallySun7 (R-SR) Cosponsored by: Assemblymember Temmie134 (R)
submitted by ItsBOOM to ModelWesternAssembly [link] [comments]


Some call it a ghost, however, the wise know enough not to shy away from the good fortune to have such a caring guardian. I feel safe knowing that a thunderstorm is merely our angel at play. - Local Wise Woman


Kirins are a mysterious and aloof creature. Documentation on these benevolent creatures is so sparse that even some informed scholars believe they are merely folk tales and legends. I am here to fill that gap of knowledge once again. I have found that while they are indeed rare in our Material Planes, they certainly exist. It was a treat to be able to research such a fascinating creature.

Kirin Physiology


These ancient beings have been around since the beginnings of time. Just as Demons have always been part of existence, so have Kirins in the celestial planes. While not nearly as wide-spread or numerous as the vile creatures of chaos, Kirins have been around just as long. Most mistakenly think that as most Unicorns are of similar build, they are related, but it is merely a coincidence.
Part of their rarity is their origins as Celestials. While we know of many beings from those planes, most often because they are kind and outgoing, Kirins tend to keep to themselves, which can account for their lack of sightings and knowledge in our planes. Why they even travel from the higher planes is a mystery, but then again, most who dwell there are an enigma to many Material Plane dwellers.

What a Kirin Looks Like

Kirins resemble a huge horse covered in scales instead of fur. The few recorded sizes of Kirins range between 10 and 18 feet tall at the shoulder. Their manes also usually extend down the chin for males and to great lengths, sometimes half of their height, for females. The scales are not dull like many reptiles, but instead, they shimmer and glisten with sparkling energy. They come in many colors depending on the variation, but all of them are vibrant.
All Kirins have a horn or horns, again depending on the species. Unlike Unicorns who have a single forehead mounted single spiraled horn, Kirins vary from antlers, crooked spikes, or a single straight horn.

Vegetarians with a Sweet Tooth

It's not surprising that a horse-shaped creature would be a vegetarian. However, unlike equines built for eating grains and grasses, Kirins thrive on fruits and more sugary plants. When fruits are scares in an area such as a pine forest Kirin will puncture a tree and drink its sap if needed.
Even though there is plenty of fruit naturally available, Kirins are curious and attracted to baked goods. While it's not nearly a guaranteed tactic to find a Kirin, it can help to have a tart with you if you hope to encounter one.

Strong and Agile

The mystical creatures are adept athletes with both strength and agility. Some Kirins have the ability to fly and do so by running in the air on what seems like an invisible roadway. Most varieties of Kirin, however, can't fly. They are strong enough to jump well over 20 times their height and agile enough to land on a small ledge in perfect balance like a mountain goat.
With their amazing legs can run at speeds topping over 80 miles an hour on land. They also can even achieve speeds of 60 miles per hour with extensive terrain obstructions given their agility. I wouldn't dare stand in their way.

Masters of Elements

While not elementals themselves, instead, we categorize them as Celestials because of their home origins, all varieties have some deft use of elemental energies. Most commonly known for Kirins is that of the ability to wield and control lightning. Druids or Wizards with decades of experience can achieve this feat, but not as thoroughly as a Kirin does. Others can use fire, water, ice, and even control of metals.
This ability to control elements, as strange as it seems, is centered on their horn(s). If their horn becomes broken, an explosion of elemental energy is released, and the creature can no longer control their respective element to the same degree. What makes this phenomenon more curious is that the level of control or power they have over an element isn't dependent on their horn size.
Some Kirins have recovered from losing a horn by re-learning how to control their powers. This recovery is similar to how I would assume, a humanoid adapts to a lost limb. The lost portion of a horn is also considered dead. While severed Kirin horns sound like a powerful aid in magical uses, it ends up being completely inert.

Skin of Scales

While the beauty of their scales can't be denied, there's a great functional use to the scales. Protection is critical among those qualities. Their scales don't shed like many reptiles, though, and are very difficult to remove. Instead of shedding, they grow like hair. Older scales will have tufts of hair at their ends. Kirins groom their fuscales meticulously as to keep them in top condition.
Kirin Scales have adapted to the elements they wield. For instance, water aligned Kirins have scales that repel water keeping their coats dry as possible. These adaptations, when removed from the Kirins, still work. I'm not sure I like the moral implications of making a Kirin wet-suit, but it would work well.

Habitat and Home

Kirins are not particularly bothered by heat or cold. They live in a wide variety of climates. However, they chose their homes very carefully. First of all, they avoid conflicts unless necessary, thus stay away from powerful and evil creatures.
Most of the time, they are found in their home the celestial planes as nomadic adventurers exploring the beautiful landscapes. When they do make their way to other planes for a time, they will roam the lands and helping those in need, regardless of that creature's mindset. It's not uncommon though if the Kirin suspects they've aided a less than scrupulous individual, they watch them for a time and make sure the rescued creature respects the second chance they've been given on life.
Occasionally a Kirin will take up home in a secluded area and watch over a group or individual. In the Prime Material plane, we owe most of our previous knowledge on Kirins to this practice. Their actual dens are usually abandoned or have a roommate such as a bear who may not care if one section finds a sleeping horse.

Plane Travelers

Kirins, while native to the Celestial Planes, can easily traverse many the Planes. Once per week, a Kirin can push themselves to run fast enough to jump through the connecting fabric of the planes into another plane. While they don't know where they will be exactly going, Kirins have some idea of a direction as to where they would need to go for many of the planes. They will avoid traveling to the lower planes at nearly any cost, though, as it's simply too hard to avoid conflict, let alone survive in the unforgiving depths.
When making this Plane jump, they leave a tear in the fabric of the plane that repairs itself after 2 to 3 hours. Any creature small enough to fit can follow the rift into the same plane the Kirin traveled. Because of this open gate Kirins like to make the gates in hard to reach, which since they can fly could be simple, and hidden places. The last thing a Kirin that escapes a lower plane wants to do is unleash its denizens upon innocents.

Life Cycle

Kirins are celestials and thus have long lives. They don't age; therefore, they have no biological need to pass their genetics on for survival. While they aren't immortal, they can die by external means, such as harm or disease; it is said that when a Kirin dies, another wakes.
There may be some truth to this tale as it seems there isn't much fluctuation in Kirin numbers. Finding this information isn't the easiest as there isn't a Kirin census, especially in the multi-verse of planes. The exact number isn't awe-inspiring to my best estimations; probably only a few million Kirins exists. However, there's always the potential of not knowing what we don't know.

Intelligence and Social Structure


Kirins are brilliant and sentient beings. While they don't involve themselves in academic endeavors such as math or sciences, they are quick to learn any subject. Where Kirins excel naturally is social intelligence. These majestic equines can read individuals of all kinds and social situations. These skills would make them useful moderators, but they aren't often fond of circumstances that require a mediator as most often, both sides are in the wrong.


While they may not speak to most creatures, they are not only adept at getting their thoughts across superb body language but also telepathy when needed. Kirins are masters of not just portraying body language but also interpreting. With a keen eye, most can see your intent before you speak it.
When it's clear they are attempting to communicate with a creature ignoring their cues, they can speak telepathically. Their ability to communicate psychically regardless of any language barrier. Even in the absence of any language they can deliver. The voice is often described as melodic or a song that appears in your head. The experience is quite pleasant once I had experienced it myself.

Solitary Free Spirits

Kirins most often are found alone, wandering the universe. Exploration and seeing the wonders of the worlds seems to be how most live their lives. Unless, of course, they decide to watch over an area. Even then, this is usually a temporary situation.
With no need to reproduce or social ties to other Kirin or any other creatures, they are free to go where they please. Most decide to simply observe and rarely involve themselves in the affairs of others. However, most follow the same ideology of leaving the world better than how they found it. Most often, they only aid in secret. However, if directly confronted, a Kirin will stand up to the challenge.

Love not Forgotten

"How many seasons had it been? A dozen at least I'd say. Here I am lost in play with her once again, just like the first day we met. My heart aches, though; soon she will leave, I can sense it. I'll miss her dearly. All I can do is cherish the time we have now. The memories will comfort me later." - Barash Male Kirin
Each Kirin has its path to travel. It doesn't mean that they don't enjoy each other's company. Kirins, for a brief time, will settle down and work together to watch over an area. During this time, they will enjoy each other's company with play and affection. It may only happen a few times in a Kirin's long existence, and it is always fondly remembered. Some folk tales say a thunderstorm is simply 2 Kirin racing in the sky.
While biologically, they do not need to mate, Kirins still participate in the act. With no biological needs, their relationships are not born of urgency but, instead, their passion and connection of heart and mind. While Kirins come to love one another honestly, they know each has their way to go. Monogamy simply isn't practical and a barrier to new connections in their thinking. Kirins also do not choose a mate based on gender as well. Love only needs an opportunity for a Kirin and time.

Religions and Philosophies

As mentioned before, the most common ideologies of Kirins lie within the phrase, "Leaving your mark is unavoidable, so make it a beautiful one." Koriel, the fallen, spoke this short remark. Most Kirins do not follow a religion or a God but pay respects to those that follow benevolent gods.
Koriel was said to be the first Kirin to have come into existence. Revered as their diety but ultimately had sacrificed himself. While the conflict was not in some grand battle as most would think it was a battle of principle. Koriel loved his kind, but they were under the service and leadership of a diety, Torm, a god whose portfolio consisted of duty, loyalty, righteousness. In this service, they obeyed and worked as mounts and workforces in the heavens. In a cause Koriel supported, Torm waged war, but when Kirins were still under service after the conflict, Koriel fought for their free will. To reach a peaceful agreement, Koriel paid for Kirin kind's freedom with his essence. Legends say that the only time a new Kirin didn't emerge in the Celestial Planes was when Koriel left.
Most modern-day Kirins believe this tale and take a brief moment of silence for their given freedoms. Even those Kirins who don't follow the stories, tend by nature to still hold the same values. Some of these individuals have come to worship other deities and even pledge their services to them. That is their freedom to do so.

A Matter of Pride

No creature is entirely virtuous, even celestials. While Kirins are often very kind and compassionate, they are prideful creatures. As free spirits accepting help is often seen as debt or bondage. This pride may also contribute to their aloof and distant style of interactions. Needing help with even simple tasks in Kirin mentality is a weakness. This way of thinking extends only one direction, as Kirins hold no ill thoughts of helping others. To give is free to take is a burden. While most can easily see the flaw in this logic, it is difficult to break the social structure.

Interactions with Other Creatures

Elusive Guardians

While I have stressed on the whole Kirins are nomadic, they are not at all times. Most of the interactions concerning Kirins and humanoids come from those who have settled down for a time to protect an area and its people. Even then, they only appear in times of need or dire situations.
This guardianship is probably of a short-term, at least to the Kirin's perspective, mutualistic relationship. While the protected creatures benefit from the Kirin's watchful eye, the Kirins learn about an area and its inhabitants more closely. According to the few Kirins who would communicate with me, they love to watch communities grow in ways that harmonize with the environment. A favorite activity for them to watch is a wedding as devoting your whole existence to another, isn't something they would ever do but admire the thought.
They are not open guardians because it attracts attention. Most Kirins want to watch from afar and distance themselves not just from those they protect but also from others. To inject themselves is to interfere. Being upfront about guardianship can also attract powerful enemies.

Devils and Demons

Being celestials, Kirins are clear enemies of Devils and Demons. Many vile creatures consider them an easy target. Kirins are often in avoidance of conflict and avoid the lower planes in their travels. A Kirin would rather avoid a fight than coming to blows even if encountered in other domains. Demons, who especially love violence, find a Kirin aggravating for their refusal to fight unless they are protecting something.

Elves and Gnomes

Kirins are most fond of watching Elves and Gnomes as they are the most mindful of nature in their communities. Living in harmony with all life is something with which they can relate. They are also fond of watching those talented in the arcane arts. While Kirins are adept at manipulating certain elements, magic is something that eludes them. Since both Elves and Gnomes have an affinity to at least some magic, Kirins often seek out Elven of Gnomish communities, especially if it's their first time on the Material Planes.


Kirins are not fond of dragons, regardless if they are metallic or chromatic. Living such greedy lives doesn't sit well with a Kirin's sensibilities. Since Kirins don't have a need or want for material possessions, the obsession with such things is seen wasteful and pointless. Kirins often pitty the dragons for their vice.
Not caring for material things extends to even their giving nature. While Kirins don't possess anything other than themselves, they often will not aid others in obtaining an item. Unless an item is needed and entirely critical to a more significant issue, usually words of encouragement are all they will offer in aid.


The difference between a Kirin and a Unicorn to some may seem as menial debate. However, Kirins are far more intelligent and aware of their surroundings. Often unicorns are mistaken as entirely sentient, while no doubt they are brilliant, they have no awakening awareness. Kirins are fond of unicorns, as most creatures are. Being fond of Unicorns for the mystery and beauty is about as far as they take it. Kirins have no affiliation or relation, to their thinking, with Unicorns. When mistaken for one, they take it as a high compliment on their beauty.
It may seem difficult to imagine that the 2 creatures are not related. With little to no biological background for Kirins, it seems there may not be such a connection. We do know of a linage of horses that became unicorns, but there is no lineage of horses that exhibit the key identifiers of a Kirin. Kirins also pre-date any member of not just horse families but any family of ancient creatures that had contributed to modern horses. Parallel evolution is an ordinary happening, but I'm not sure we can even call it that. Kirins didn't evolve.

Battle Tactics

These masters of elements are fierce opponents in battle, although they do avoid physical confrontation at nearly all costs. When forced to defend themselves or others, Kirins won't shy away from acting. Even in dire circumstances, they almost always, unless forced, use non-lethal methods.
Kirins like to fight from a distance. They lash out with their elements and abilities from afar and keep a reasonable range. Often they will bound around an opponent with their incredible agility to keep them searching. Ghost stepping is the name for this tactic, which is keeping just out of an opponent's sight, like a ghost.
Occasionally if a kirin does need to intervene physically, they will charge at their foes, surrounding themselves in elemental energy, leading with their horn at a dazzling speed. Charging is a final resort, as often it is lethal, and potentially gorry.


It may seem a strange interaction, but Girrilions and Kirins have a common legend together. While this only concerns a specific and rare variation of Gorillians, the myth still prevails. Rajang, the lightning enchanted Goriillians, are said to gain their powers by eating a Thunder Kirin's horn. Given how scarce both creatures are, I find this more speculation than hard fact. None the less, it seems that at least there could be some truth to the tale. They both can inhabit the same biomes, and I'm sure a blood-thirsty Gorillian wouldn't shy away from eating a Kirin horn. A Kirins' superior speed and control of elements would suggest an easy win in its favor.


thanks to DougtheDragonborn for the stat block changes

Thunder Kirins - CR 12

The most commonly seen Kirins on the Material Planes is that of the Thunder Kirins. Thunder Kirins have white and blue scales with white mains usually arcing with brilliant blue electricity. Their horns are a single spiraled white horn. They are masters of lightning and often play in thunderstorms. Standing between 6 and 8 feet tall, they are the smallest variety of Kirins. Thunder Kirins are of the flightless type but can bound many times their height and even stand on cliffs impossibly narrow it seems like a mountain goat.
Being within melee range is the most deadly place when fighting a Thunder Kirin. Add this reaction to their repertoire.
Reverberation. When the Kirin takes bludgeoning, piercing, or slashing damage, all creatures within 10 feet must make a DC 17 Constitution saving throw. On a failed save, they take 2d12 thunder damage and are knocked prone. On a successful save, they take half damage and are not knocked prone.

Black Ice Kirins - CR 11

Another flightless Kirin is that of the Black Ice, or as some locals call it the Oroshi Kirin. They wield the elements of wind and water together as ice. While the celestial planes have yet to be entirely explored, I was unaware of arctic or sub-arctic temperatures. Yet they exist. Most often found only cold environments Oroshi Kirins have small spikes and grips on their hooves that grip ice very well. Their tracks leave minor spiked abrasions on the surfaces in which they walk, even on stone. Identifying marks of Black Ice Kirins are dark blue scales accented with lighter hues of blue and a single horn that splits into a fork.
Black Ice Kirins are hard to catch, as their icy footwork evades even the most adept trackers. Make these adjustments to their stat block to turn a regular Kirin to a Black Ice Kirin.
Speed. 60 ft., climb 60 ft.
Damage Resistances. Cold
Innate Pathing. For the briefest moment, you can trace a Black Ice Kirin's movements by the icy and spiky terrain they leave behind. Until the beginning of your next turn, squares that you walked through turn into difficult terrain.

Cloud Kirins - CR 12

Cloud Kirins are the oldest known species. With bright yellow scales and white manes, they more represent the cloudscapes of the Celestial Planes. They run through the skies exploring their home planes and other planes from the safety of the clouds. Cloud Kirins also have powers of lightning. Instead of the familiar arcing blue lines, we would be more familiar with, yellow and white electricity is what they utilize. Their horns are more like that of an elk with many branches and lie in pairs swooping straight back.
Legends say that each time lightning strikes, two Cloud Kirins touch. When a thunderstorm erupts, Cloud Kirins are battling. To emphasize this chaotic nature, make the following changes.
Alignment: chaotic good
Spellcasting. Cloud Kirins also have access to lightning bolt and chain lightning as 3rd and 6th level spells respectively.

Sun Kirins - CR 13

Running the on the horizon with a sparking trail of orange cinders, Ash Kirins make brilliant streaks in the air. They have both light and fire affinity and tend to explore more oppressively hot planes, such as the Elemental Planes of fire and steam. Most other Kirns summon pillars or bolts around themselves Sun Kirins are known for breathing fire in a gout of flame. Sun Kirins are also usually much less passive than their brethren. With firey orange manes and white or yellow scales, it can sometimes be hard to distinguish them from Cloud Kirins. Although, their horns are quite different being a set of 6 horns with 3 on each side that are near perfectly straight spikes.
Getting sprayed with a Sun Kirin's ire is equivalent to the heat of an adult red dragon's heart, though for a shorter amount of time. Add the additional action to make a Kirin an especially deadly adversary.
Flare Breath (Recharge 5–6). The Kirin exhales fire in a 60-foot line that is 5 feet wide. Each creature in that line must make a DC 17 Dexterity saving throw, taking 18 (4d8) fire damage on a failed save, or half as much damage on a successful one.

Coral Kirins - CR 12

Kirins who use water as well as any water elemental, Coral Kirins, roam the worlds exploring the depths of their oceans. With bright pink and sky blue scales, they are easily the most striking visually. They run in the heavens and run through the water as if they suffer no resistance in movement. Their horns are like that of impressive coral structures in an arch around the back of their head. Sheild like one could say. Their manes are also usually a bright red or purple and are thick like seaweeds.
Spearfishing is one of the Coral Kirin's greatest pastime, and combatants may soon enough look like fish to them. Replace their speed with the one below and add the Aquatic feature and Spear action to turn Kirins into one of the best sea predators.
Speed. 60 ft., swim 60 ft., fly 60 ft.
Amphibious. The Kirin can breathe air and water. Spear. If the Kirin moves at least 10 feet straight toward a target and then hits them with a horn attack on the same turn, the target takes an extra 13 (3d8) radiant damage.

Mud Kirins - CR 12

Despite being the closest related to one of the most impressive, aesthetically, at least, Coral Kirins, Mud Kirins seem rather dull. With brown and grey scales and dark green manes, they blend in more with freshwater environments. Their horns are two horns that flatten out into scoop like structures. Mud Kirins also have powers of water and even some ability in the earth to make mud-pits.
Mud Kirins sleep just under the crust of mud on the shores of lakes and streams. If one, unfortunately, wakes these usually tepid celestials, the floor below them is bound to explode.
Spellcasting. Mud Kirins also have access to erupting earth and control water as 3rd and 4th level spells respectively.

Crystal Kirins - CR 13

Earth aligned Crystal Kirins are probably the most varied aesthetically. With scales and manes that can represent almost any combination of known gemstones across the known multi-verse. Each one is incredibly reflective and has the added ability that their hides naturally reflect many things, including magic. Crystal Kirins are explorers of the darker cave systems beneath the surfaces of worlds. Their horns curl down around their ears like that of a ram, giving them a lower head clearance. Crystal Kirins can manipulate crystals, stone, and gems at alarming speeds. With their effective control of the earth, it makes them able to traverse cave systems quickly. They are also flightless but can create elevating stairs or pillars up to any height they need.
The Crystal Kirin's resistance to attacks is second to none, and while their pelts lose this resistance after they die; mages wear them to assert their dominance over a certain type of magic, and color them accordingly. The additions below can be made to ensure a crystal kirin's scales are truly unique.
Damage Resistances. Bludgeoning, Piercing, and Slashing from Nonmagical Attacks that aren't Silvered
Spellcasting. Crystal Kirins also have access to counterspell as 3rd level spell.

DM's Notes

Kirins can be a fun monster to use as an unseen ally. My interpretation takes a fair amount of influence from both Monster Hunter, where they appear as the elusive elder dragons of thunder and D&D as angel horses who aid all in need. Kirins are a magnificent creature to use as a celestial outside of the traditional and often expected angels. They are also incredibly fast, and with access to planiar travel, they can make travel a menial thing.

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