Meet the man who beat the bookies – and the banks. But the

Have A Good Saturday

I am not an overly paranoid person. Nor am I a particularly observant person. I want to make that clear to you from the start. I do not jump at every shadow and as far as I know, there are no extreme mental disorders lurking in the genetic makeup of my family. So, when the whole acknowledgment of how advertisers were listening and monitoring our computers and tracking our searches became a widely talked about thing (especially the situations in which it seemed extremely creepy and stalkerish), I decided that I was going to try and pay more attention to the ads that showed up on my computer. I had not yet really had an experience similar to some of these stories my friends and coworkers would share. Like:
“I was talking about spoiled yogurt and then a news article discussing changing expiration dates on foodsjumped to the top of my Newsline!”
Or
“I mentioned to a coworker that I was wanting to take a trip home to Buffalo and a bunch of ads for flights andMighty Taco coupons appeared on my web-pages. How Crazy!”
I wanted a similar experience as those! My ads continued to be mundane things that I had searched for.
To give some back story, I am not a very tech savvy person, and the only really techie thing I own is a laptop computer- a new Samsung that has one of those buttons on the side that you flip and it moves a little plastic orange cover in front of the webcam. I don’t own a cell phone or a tablet. I don’t even own a TV. I have a landline telephone that I keep in the apartment to talk to family and such, but that is it. On the other hand, my boyfriend, whom I share the apartment with, has all of that crap- a desktop computer and laptop, a TV, satellite, cellphone, Xbox, etc. He has a separate room that he keeps it all in (He calls it the ‘Future room’)- but I just prefer to stay technologically ignorant. It works for me. I figured this was the main reason I wasn’t getting any of the similarly creepy advertisements.
When the first one showed up, I was excited (even though it was an ad for crocs). I had definitely never searched for crocs before, but the name did strike a chord in my memory. A few days prior, I had been on the home phone with my mom and she had mentioned thinking about buying a pair of crocs. I just laughed at her and told her not to do that, but I know I never specifically repeated the word. Could my laptop’s microphone have picked up her voice all the way from the output portion of my landline phone?! That’s just, well, just crazy. There had to have been a better explanation.
I did decide to let some of my friends know who previously had talked about such things happening by sending them an email detailing the event. I labeled the subject “Creepy Popup Ads, Part One” I got a few laughs and ‘whoa, creepy’ responses and then I moved on.
A week or so went by and I was in the middle of finishing my online communications class, which required the use of my webcam to film ourselves performing different speeches we had written and then posting them to YouTube to be graded. I usually keep my webcam covered with that little flick button thing, but I guess I forgot after using it for my last speech. Now, a week prior my mom had loaned me a book called “Girl, Wash Your Face” by Rachel Hollis. She had handed it to me in a pile of books she was getting rid of and neither of us mentioned the book by name or said anything about it. After perusing through the books, I decided to try reading this one first and laid it down on by bedside table. Soon after that I began to notice that all of my ads popping up were for other books by Rachel Hollis or ads for her blog site. This is when I finally took notice of the fact that my webcam was still uncovered and it was almost always pointed in the exact direction of my bed side table, which had that book laying haphazardly upon it. I quickly flicked my webcam closed and jumped out of the bed. No. No. This was too much. They’re really looking through my webcam and deciding on ads!? What else have they seen? What else are they doing with that information?
I decided to send out another email about it labeled “Creepy Popup Ads, Part Deux”. Most people laughed it off, but one friend replied back and spoke of precaution. He mentioned that people are always tapping in to the microphones on devices and that he chooses to go unplugged unless necessary. And that when he does have to use technology, he makes sure to not say or show anything important during the time.
Like I said at the beginning, I am not an overly paranoid or cautious person, the reason I don’t have a lot of technology is because I just don’t feel the need for it. But this was definitely making me mildly concerned. I decided to take my friend’s advice and go into my boyfriend John’s room and unplug and turn off all the electronic devices. I would also keep my laptop turned off at all times unless for emergencies. I also took out some black tape, and taped over the webcam, just in case the little flick button didn’t truly work. I would make sure that while I was using the laptop to remain silent. They (whoever they were) were not going to keep spying on my privacy!
John was a little shocked and annoyed when he came home to find everything unplugged. I lied and told him that it was an experiment and that I was trying to keep track of Ads and how they get their information from us and that it would only be for a few days. He finally relented. It was hard to convince him that he had to keep his cell phone locked away in his car, but I just didn’t trust that he would keep it turned off if I let him have it inside. John grumbled some of the night, but we ended up really enjoying ourselves. We drank wine, and talked about our relationship, laughed, and told stories from our childhood. It was a really good night. We ended up having goofy, wild sex in the living room, and when we finally fell asleep, cuddled up in bed, I got some of the most restful sleep I had had in a long time. I always knew being unplugged was healthy- and having John do it for a while was just going to boost our relationship. I was happy.
The next day I was planning to go to a friend’s house that I had not seen in a while. I didn’t bring any technology with me, but she obviously had a home filled with stuff, like most people do. At some point my friend started talking about barbecue pizza. She didn’t mean the stuff they make now that uses BBQ sauce instead of red sauce. No, she meant how Pizza Hut used to have a BBQ pizza that was just like plain cheese pizza but with the BBQ meat on top of it. This wouldn’t have been a noticeably important discussion if not for when I got home and pulled up my computer and the webpages were covered with BBQ pizza coupons! How did they know? This was insane! I mean, I didn’t have anything on me or connected to me at her house. Did they somehow know I was there and tracked the information to my name and then put it on my computer? Were there files in some giant cabinet in the cloud that had everyone’s name and copies of what they talk about, wherever they talk about it, or videos of them from wherever they go and they just store them there and then pull it out for advertisement! This was starting to terrify me!
I called John in from his other room and showed him and told him the story. He looked at me like I was being ridiculous.
“Babe,” he spoke calmly, putting a hand on my shoulder. “It’s just a coincidence. I think this experiment you are trying to do is making you a little bit paranoid.”
I shook his hand off, frustrated that he couldn’t see how weird it was and how not coincidental. I looked out my room to think of what I wanted to say next when I noticed a familiar light coming from his Future room. I jumped up and ran in there. His TV was on, and his Xbox- paused while playing his favorite game.
“You were supposed to keep it unplugged, John!” I shouted at him, turning to look at his face. He looked annoyed. “You promised!”
“I didn’t promise anything, babe. I just didn’t disagree last night. Look, its no big deal. I’ll turn it off now. I just got bored while you were gone and wanted to play some games.”
He raised his hands in the air, like a shrug. It made me so angry. Here I was trying to protect us, protect our privacy and he couldn’t live just one day without his stupid Xbox. I walked over to it, a loud-pitched sound growing in my ears, and my face grew hot as I got angrier and angrier. I picked up the Xbox and threw it at the wall as hard as I could. It made a shattering noise and the TV screen that it was attached to went dark. I sighed, contented, and my anger fled quickly.
“What. The. Fuck. Jane!” I turned back to look at him, surprised at his angry tone. “What the fuck! You just broke my Xbox like a fucking lunatic all because I played it when you asked me not to? That’s insane.”
I shook my head slowly.
“No, John. It was for you. Its for my experiment, and for our privacy. Now you won’t have any trouble staying unplugged. And we will be safe.” I replied, in as soothing of a voice as I could muster.
He just shook his head at me. I guess it would take a minute for him to realize this was for the best.
“I- I don’t even know what to say to you right now Jane. Just, just go. Leave me alone. I’ll sleep in here tonight. I’ll talk to you tomorrow.”
I smiled gently at him. I knew he just needed a little while to adjust but he would apologize and see how right I was in the morning. Maybe by then he would be willing to get rid of it all himself. Technology for the most part was unnecessary. We had so much fun last night. We would have that back. I left the room and reminded him gently to ‘stay unplugged’ as I shut the door. I thought I heard what sounded like something hitting the wood behind me, but I couldn’t be sure.
I decided I was going to take a drive in the twilight. I like taking drives to clear my thoughts sometimes. My car was an old one, but well maintained. It didn’t have any of that fancy electronic stuff like On Star, or Sirius XM. It didn’t have a driver assist where it would brake for you or warn when a car was in your blind spot, or even have a camera to help you back up. It made me a better driver and I liked it that way. I rolled down my window manually, and drove around the neighborhood. As, I pulled out on to the main highway I started paying attention to some of my surroundings. I noticed that the old painted billboards they used to have were now all changed to fancy electronic ones that switched ads every couple of minutes.
The first advertisement was for a place called IFix. They offered cheap prices for fixing broken technologies like cell phones, laptops, gaming systems, etc. I snorted, that wasn’t important for me. I decided to check out what the next billboard said when I passed it. It was a company that offered protection services from hackers and to help teach you how to protect your safety on the internet. “Hmm… I thought. That could be interesting to use.”
The very next billboard was for Razzle’s, that old candy that turns into gum. “That’s weird,” I thought. “Last night while we were drinking John and I had discussed Razzle’s and how we wished they would make a comeback, but with new flavors.” That was a strange coincidence.
I peaked up at the next billboard and it changed as I came closer to it. The board read “Run out of your favorite wine last night? Stock up at your favorite ABC Warehouse, next exit!” It listed the name of John and my favorite wine and a picture. This billboard caused me to start to hyperventilate. We did run out of our favorite white wine last night while drinking, and John had mentioned how I should go stop by ABC warehouse, our favorite discount liquor store, that always seemed to hold our favorite brands. That billboard ad was too specific to be a coincidence. I squinted at it once more. Even the couple posing in the background looked similar to us, and they were definitely sitting on our couch! What the hell! This was out of control! John and I definitely didn’t have any technology on in the house and not a thing was near us. I watched John put his cell phone in his car, so I know he didn’t secretly have it on him. And even if he did? This is way more specific than the normal creepy ads the average person sees. Were they targeting us? Did they not like me being wary of technology and were trying to put a stop to me? I am not a paranoid person, but this was too much. It felt like they were after me for some reason.
And- and how did they know that information anyway? I’m unplugged! They must have bugged the apartment! I bet, there are cameras and microphones hidden all over it. Those sneaky bastards. Well, I was going to protect us. I would keep us safe. I looked outside and around the car. They were probably watching me now. The only car I could see was a white van traveling slowly the opposite way. It was time to get away, time to get home. I quickly took my car out of park and flipped a U- turn heading back to the apartment as fast as I could.
The next morning, I woke up to the sound of my bedroom door being slammed open. I jumped up, frightened, and looked over to see John holding a lamp that was busted apart and the landline in pieces.
“You destroyed the apartment.” He said in a low voice, that sounded so cold. I stood up and reached for him but he backed away.
“Baby, the apartment wasn’t safe. They were listening to us. Watching us. I had to find their bugs. I had to find their microphones and cameras.”
I walked over to my dresser and showed him bits of wires and cords I had found.
“Look,” I said and pointed excitedly. “I found them. We’re safe now!”
I laughed out loud, so happy that I had proof and that he could no longer treat me like I was losing my mind. I was protecting us. We were going to keep our privacy safe. He stepped over to study them with me, then turned around for a minute and placed the broken items he had in his hands on the floor.
“Jane.” He took a breath and turned to look back at me. He had a sad kind of look on his face. “Jane, baby, these aren’t bugs, or mikes, or cameras. They are just pieces of wires that go to the things you broke. Baby, you’re imagining all of this ‘watching you’ nonsense. No one is spying on us. We are perfectly safe. I think-I think you need to go see someone. Get some help.”
He reached out for my hand. I shook him away.
“No, John. I am not crazy. I am not paranoid. I am perfectly sane. I have never been so much as depressed, for God’s sake! I am doing this for us! For our privacy, for our safety. Even if they weren’t spying on us, think about how much better our lives are without all that tech crap. We had such a beautiful night the other night. That’s all I want for us! To be happy and to be safe!”
I smiled at him, but he just shook his head and I could tell in his eyes that he didn’t believe me. I narrowed my eyes at him.
“But, if you think that I’m just some loony, then go, leave. I am GOING to keep myself safe. I will not let them keep spying on me. And its going to be the rest of the world who will regret not doing the same, and you with them if you don’t stay.” I stared hard at him, and he lowered his eyes.
“Fine, Jane. I think you do need a few days alone. I’ll be back on Saturday to get some more of my stuff, and hopefully then we can talk more about getting you some help, and getting you in to treatment.” He leaned forward and kissed my forehead. “Please, please don’t do anything stupid.”
He turned and left the room, while I laughed quietly to myself. Do anything stupid? He was the one being stupid by leaving and endangering himself. I was going to make this place safe. I could hear him leave while I made my plans and decided what next steps I needed to take.
Later that day, I was leaving Walmart, with all of my belongings, ready to encase myself in the safety of my apartment. They had made it clear that they were watching me, but I didn’t know what exactly they wanted. I had debugged my house, so they couldn’t listen or watch from the inside, but they might be able to get in through the windows, so I had decided to buy a bunch of blackout curtains and duct tape. No one would be able to see in unless I let them. I also stocked up on rations, because I didn’t know how long this would go on for. Other than taunting me with their knowledge, they had yet to make their plans known, but I still needed items to defend myself just in case. I made sure to buy plenty of knives, some mace, rope- in case I needed to tie someone up for questioning, a blow torch, a hatchet, and a baseball bat. I already owned a gun at home (I’m from the South), so I bought plenty of extra bullets for it. Whatever came my way, I would be prepared.
I did notice something odd though, throughout the store. They had big banners promoting something for Saturday, some kind of event or something? And then when I was checking out the cashier lady said, “Have a good Saturday.” Instead of “Have a good day.” What did this mean? It was still Friday. Were they warning me about Saturday? I was ready to get home to safety.
I packed up all of my new belongings in the trunk, except for the baseball bat in case I needed protection before I got in. This was definitely good thinking on my part because I quickly began to notice that that same white van that I had seen on the day of the billboards seemed to be following me! Its only a couple of miles from my apartment to the Walmart, but it has a few different turns, and they were definitely keeping up with me, if not a little distance behind. I decided that if they followed me into the complex then I was going to drive to the pool area and stop and confront them. Well, they did! So, I pulled into a parking spot and slammed into park, jumped out of the car, grabbing my new baseball bat on the way. They stayed in their van, so I quickly swung the bat with all my strength at the hood of their car, and thought I heard someone yelling from inside. They jumped out the car and yelled at me.
“You crazy bitch! What the fuck are you doing! I am calling the cops!” I just laughed and hit the car again. He never even reached for a cellphone.
“Stop following me!” I screeched at him. “I will protect myself and my privacy! You thought police won’t control me!”
I whacked the car once more before jumping back into my car and hightailing It back to my apartment. I heard him yelling something at me as I was leaving, but I couldn’t fully make it out. It did sound a little bit like “at your day?” I don’t think he will call the police, because he Is probably working for them. They will most definitely be coming for me now, probably having deemed me a threat.
Now it is Saturday morning as I type all of this up. I have covered every window in my house with curtains and duct tape, and nobody can see an inch in. I can’t even see out. I threw out every item of technology, except for this laptop. I am sitting here in front of the door, with all of my weapons around me, waiting for them to come for me. I know it is dangerous to be using this laptop, but I have figured out that they are already coming for me today and I want to get this warning out to the world. Ever since seeing the posters at Walmart about Saturday yesterday, and hearing the checkout lady say it, every single advertisement on my computer has mentioned Saturday. I know its their way of letting me know. Giving me a countdown timer. They are coming for me today.
I told you at the beginning, I am not a paranoid person. I am not overly observant. I am an outlier by not being a major technology user and consumer. And when everyone started discussing the overly specific advertisement they sometimes see; I began to notice the trend. Then they started to notice me right back. I guess I am a danger to them, or something. And by trying to protect myself and John, I guess they realized I could be a threat to them if I tried to protect others. I don’t know why its happening to me, but I won’t go down without a fight. After this, I am done using technology ever- if I survive. I’m sending this out in hopes that it will resonate with someone, that they’ll feel how oddly specific their advertisements are to them, and realize there is something not quite right with it. They are watching us. They are morphing and conforming us. They are the thought police. And we need to be free.
I hear something.
It sounds like footsteps.
Yes, someone is coming up the stairs.
Its more than one set of feet.
It must be them.
I’m ready for them.
That sounds like a key in my lock, of course they got my keys somehow.
My gun is aimed and I’m shooting as soon as the door opens.


Have a Good Saturday.
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BASIC BEST WEAPON / BEST WEAPON MODDING OVERVIEW GUIDE

BASIC WEAPONS GUIDE
This is an extremely basic, true overview of weapons in general in Warframe. While you tend to find dozens, if not hundreds, of guides that tell you 'This weapon is best', they tend to not explain the basics behind why they're good. Plus, many guides end up using a weapon that has been potatoed (had an Orokin Catalyst applied), forma'd multiple times, and have quite a few maxed out extremely rare or even unique mods (Rivens). I'll try to explain many of these terms, how to understand how modding for your 'weapon style' mostly works, and hopefully by the end, you will either understand enough to figure out what weapons are 'best' on your own, or more hopefully, figure out what weapons are 'best' for you.

WHAT WEAPONS ARE GOOD, OR EVEN BEST? (short answer)

If that's all you came here for, have I got a treat for you! This is the super secret, patented LJHB method of determining extremely accurately how good a weapon is!
There. That's it.
Well no, not really. See, riven dispositions are (not often) balanced by DE to have the more popular weapons have very low riven dispositions, and for rarely used weapons to have very high dispositions. The idea is, of course, 'hey let's figure out how to make these crappy weapons better or used more without actually balancing them', but it usually turns into "This weapon was amazing without a riven, now it's absolutely gamewrecking with one!"
So, that's that. If you make or have a weapon you really like, and it has a single-dot Disposition, you'll likely be able to find hundreds of 'absolute best builds' for it on the internets. There. You're done. Go play.
...
Oh, so what happens if you have a weapon you really like and enjoy using, but has two, three, or (gasp) even five dots?
Well, you've come to the right place!

UNDERSTANDING WEAPON STYLES

Warframe is a pretty fun game. However, they hide a LOT of stuff behind ambiguous in-game references, or don't always update things, or just expect everyone to go to the wiki and figure it all out for themselves. This... doesn't always go well, and like everything else on the internet, unless you find someone to actually dig around in the code or try things out in game or post stats and reviews, there ends up being a lot of conjecture, rumor, and outright 'fake news'. YMMV, but always take anything anyone says about weapons in warframe with a grain of salt. Yes, even my stuff... except for this important following bit:
The only good weapon is one that you both enjoy using AND is suitable for the mission at-hand.
-LJHalfbreed
You will hear about a lot of great weapons. Weapons may get buffed or nerfed any time a new patch comes out. In fact, the DE Devs have said specifically that they're changing up a LOT of how damage is supposed to work in the upcoming year, so some of my tips here may end up totally unsuitable (along with a lot of other guides online). So, my job is to help you figure out, on your own, how useful/helpful your weapon of choice is, regardless if it's part of the current meta, the 'flavor of the month', 'an underrated gem', or a 'worthless piece of MR fodder garbage', and hopefully, how to mod your weapon to be just as fun or powerful as you are capable of making it.
  1. Crit weapons: These weapons will tend to have much higher critical chance and/or critical damage bonus, and a comparatively small status chance. These weapons usually have 2-3 disposition, with some rare/useful ones showing as 1.
  2. Status weapons: These weapons will tend to have much higher status chance, with a comparatively small crit chance/crit damage. As with Crit weapons, these generally have 2-3 disposition, with some rare/useful ones showing as 1. As a general rule, the 'playerbase' tends to prefer status-based weapons, due to Slash Procs generally giving a definite advantage against end-game enemies which have extreme amounts of armor, shielding, and other types of damage resistance/protection.
  3. Vanilla or Raw Damage weapons: These weapons tend to have low stats in both Crit and Status, and tend to work best with just heavy damage (or other, special-case mods), so expect to see two (or more) of those '90% elemental damage' mods. Also, generally speaking, this is where you will find most of your 3-5 dot weapons, with the occasional lower dispositions for unique, novel, or really useful weapons. You might also find some 1-2 dot weapons here, which usually signify high ROF (rate of fire, think submachine guns and regular machine guns and such) weapons, so don't always be misled.
  4. Combo or 'Hybrid' weapons: These weapons have high stats in both Crit and Status. Often, because of how math works, and how damage is calculated, these tend to be your 'superpowered ultra mega endgame can-kill-everything-easy' weapons. Expect to see a lot of 1-dot disposition weapons here, as DE likes to reduce the riven power on these, as everyone tends to use them, because they work so well in 'big damage numbers' tests, which means people post videos and guides about them, which means everyone tends to use them, which leads to.....
So, now we're getting somewhere! We know what disposition does, and now we understand that there are basically 4 different weapon styles. Knowing a weapons style is really the first step in understanding how best to mod it.

WEAPON STYLES: DEEPER

WEAPONS: GENERAL

As you look through builds, you'll start to see more and more of the same kinds of mods. That's usually because these mods are either extremely useful, make the weapon show 'more big damage numbers', or both. Now, some of these might be a bit 'duh' material, but keep in mind that for some of us, allllll these stats and numbers and mods and simulacrums and doodads and whatsits are all extremely overwhelming and confusing. Plus, I think it's pretty important to make sure everyone is on the same page.
  • As of right now in 'Damage 2.0' (long story), the most beneficial proc type is "Slash", especially paired with "Viral", followed closely by "Corrosive". The most beneficial damage type is usually Corrosive. If you don't know what else to do to a weapon, adding Slash+Viral to it, or adding Corrosive, is a safe bet, and one you will see on thousands and thousands of weapon builds.
  • Given the last tip, you will notice that nearly every weapon benefits a lot from putting on one or more 'elemental damage' mods on it. Due to the way DE does the math, if your weapon does say, 30 piercing, 10 impact and 10 slash, then adding a +90% elemental damage mod does exactly what it says on the tin, and adds (in this case) 40 damage. That's basically a doubling of your damage for just 11 mod points, for 50 'physical' damage, and 40 'elemental' damage. You'll find many weapon guides advise using two elemental damage mods just because of how much that adds to the damage, in this case increasing dmg to 80 ... Your weapon just went from doing 50 to 130 total damage, which is a huge boost.
  • Nearly every gun benefits from "Multishot" mods. This becomes more evident with single shot, slow firing weapons, and less evident with high ROF (or buckshot-style), fast firing weapons, but the end result is the same = More multishot is more bullets for every single trigger pull, and each bullet has its own chance to crit, apply status, etc. +100% multishot = Double the bullets, double the crit chances, double the status chances, double the damage. Makes sense, right? Shotguns are a special case (multishot just adds more 'shot' to each shell) If you don't know what else to add to a weapon to cause it to do more damage, add in some multishot. In a single firing weapon (like say, the Vectis, a sniper rifle), adding multishot to 100% means it fires twice. 200% means 3 bullets. All for the price of 1. This makes for an easy way to double/treble your damage. One important caveat is 'Accuracy', as if your weapon has low accuracy, you'll see those multishots constantly veer away from the crosshairs.
  • Nearly every melee weapon benefits from "melee speed" mods. The faster you can swing your weapon, the more damage you can do. Simple right? Well, there's one other thing that is kinda hidden... You know how each weapon you can get a stance for, that eventually gives you combos? Well, all those combos have special effects or attacks or sometimes HUGE damage bonuses. Having high speed on your melee weapon means that you can complete those combos faster, and in some ways, easier, which means you get those 'side benefits' from the combos more often.
  • Nearly every melee weapon, but especially 'long range' weapons, benefit from the "Maiming Strike" mod. This is a super rare mod only available from a very rare boss at a very rare drop chance. Generally, this mod can go for 200+platinum and even higher as sources dry up, so chances are if you don't have one now, you probably won't have one for quite some time without busting your wallet open. At first glance, it seems to be kinda silly, adding +90% crit chance to all sliding attacks. However, due to DE math, this is a flat bonus, added on TOP of your weapon's crit chance. Due to how crit is calculated (see below with Crit Weapons), this means your weapon will likely have 100% crit chance, and will do hilariously huge damage to any enemies you hit with a sliding melee attack. However, this also means that a lot of substandard weapons are suddenly put into 'endgame viable' build guides purely on how strong this single mod is. If you come across a guide that has Maming Strike in the build, you're better off just finding a different guide.
  • Most of the other stats tend to make sense, even if they don't visibly increase your. You wil often have 'leeway' when modding out your favorite weapon to include 1 or more of your favorite 'qualtiy of life' mods. Depending on your playstyle or skill, you may honestly want to consider reduced 'max super mega ultra damage' in favor of 'being able to land all shots more frequently on your target'.

CRIT WEAPONS

Crit weapons excel at doing the occasional 'really big hit'. The higher the crit chance, the more often this happens. The higher the 'Crit Damage Multiplier', the more damage that crit does. Generally speaking, if you have a crit weapon, you want to try to fit both chance AND damage into the build, and focus on ways to mainly add 'raw damage'.

HOW TO TELL:

Crit weapons have 20% crit chance or more. 20% chance plus your average maxed out +crit chance mod gets you to about 50%, so every other shot can trigger a nice crit bonus. Neat!

HOW TO BUILD:

Crit Chance, Crit Damage, Multishot, weapon-based +damage. Then try to fit in the '90% Elemental' mods, QoL mods, Vigilante mods, riven, etc.

COMMON TYPES:

Bows, Sniper Rifles, Semi-auto weapons with Low RoF, charging weapons.

IMPORTANT NOTES:

Your crits can actually double or even triple crit, and beyond! Crits start out as yellow (0.01-100% Crit Chance, or level 1) and deal listed crit damage. Orange crits then start appearing (100.01-200%, level 2) and then become red (200.01-300%, level 3) and continues on. This causes even more damage as to how it interacts with your Crit Damage multiplier. If you have a total crit damage multiplier of 3.0, your lvl 1 crit (0.01-100%, remember?) will do double damage (x2.0). An orange (lvl2) crit will do x3.0. A red (lvl3) will do x4.0. But if you get your crit damage multiplier even higher, the numbers get nuts. A x5.0 crit damage multipler will see lvl1 crits of x5 damage, lvl2 of x9, and lvl3 of x13. So, if you have a crit weapon, always make sure to fit in a useful amount of crit damage!

STATUS WEAPONS

Status weapons focus on inflicting status (Duh) with all the benefits and side effects those statuses provide. In case you don't quite know what all the statuses are, here's a quick list, stolen from the wiki at http://warframe.wikia.com/wiki/Damage_2.0
  • Impact: Stagger
  • Puncture: -Damage (enemy does less damage)
  • Slash: Bleed (as previously, VERY damaging)
  • Cold: Slow
  • Electricity: Chain Attack/AoE + Stun (good for CC)
  • Heat: Fire DoT (damage over time) + Panic (good for CC)
  • Toxin: Health DoT
  • Blast (Heat + Cold combo): Knockdown (CC)
  • Corrosive (Toxin + Electric): -Armor
  • Gas (Heat + Toxin): Toxin AoE
  • Magnetic (Cold + Electric): -Max Shields
  • Radiation (Heat + Electric): -Accuracy (weak CC) + Confusion/Friendly Fire (great CC, especially vs enemy auras)
  • Viral (Cold + Toxin): -Max Health
  • Finishing (SPECIAL): Not so much a status effect, but totally bypasses all defenses to hurt Health directly. Including it for completion's sake.
  • Void (SPECIAL): Bullet Attract (attracts all nearby bullets to a specific enemy/location). Not seen in standard Warframe Weapons, but included for completion's sake.
IMPORTANT NOTE: These will all likely change once DE finalizes their upcoming 'Damage revamp'. I will try to remember to update this, or rewrite the doc entirely if needed.

HOW TO TELL:

Similar to crit weapons, except 30% is the sweetspot for guaranteed status effects on every shot for single weapons (before adding/considering multishot). However, lower status is just fine for faster RoF weapons. The idea is to require as few shots per target to ensure the status is applied, and then use the rest of your mod slots to add damage/QoL/multishot/etc.
Status builds tend to lean towards Armor Stripping (Corrosive), where more procs-per-target is better, or HP Stripping (Viral + Slash) where a constant, singular proc-per-target is best. However, this is your time to have fun, so feel free to try out different status effects on different builds and in different missions. I personally use a lot of Radiation status builds when I plan on fighting the faction "Corrupted" as it tends to ruin the AI's auras and other strategies. YMMV.
However, 'Status Chance' is further confused by how shotguns work. Quickly put, status chance for a shotgun is divided up between every single shot pellet in a single shell. So if you have a 50% status shotgun, and it fires 5 pellets with each trigger pull, then every pellet has its own 10% chance to cause a proc. However, DE does its math pretty screwy, so if you are able to make a shotgun (prior to adding multishot) have 100% status, then the game throws out that calculation and says 'okay every pellet has 100% status chance'. This makes a 100% status chance shotgun (again, prior to adding multishot!) an amazing weapon to strip all the armor off an enemy in a single trigger pull.
Some 'hold down the button' beam weapons (Phage, etc) have an even MORE screwy calculation, and tend to base their status chance not on per bulllet but a 'chance per second'. I don't recommend trying to build a beam-type weapon for 100% status chance for this exact reason, but most beams can do quite well if treated more like a fully-auto weapon.
To recap, you want lots of procs in a short time (per target) if you are building an Armor Stripping corrosive build, and usually want fewer, but longer lasting, procs for each other status effects. Expect to mod appropriately.

HOW TO BUILD:

100% builds: This can be tricky, as you are going to need to hunt down what's called the '60/60 status mods'. These are mods that add 60% status chance, and then 60% elemental damage. Some are only dropped by specific bosses, some are sold randomly by Baro Ki'Teer, so unfortunately, a status build may take some time, effort, or platinum to fully kit out. For 100% status builds, you will need all 4 60/60 mods for the weapon, at minimum, and depending how close/far that weapon is to 30% status chance, you may still need to add on an additional mod or two for status chance. It's still doable however. In short, add as much status chance as needed to guarantee 100% status, then add in multishot, fire rate, base damage, and so on.
Flurry Builds: For your garden variety 'bullet hose' or 'rubber (melee) weapon' that relies on lots of attacks in a shorter amount of time, you can likely get away with merely adding just two 60/60 mods. That will add +120% status chance, so on a 5% status chance weapon, you will now have 11% chance per bullet. Add in multishot or fire rate mods, and you can easily get to 25% or more per 'triger pull'. Increasing Rate of Fire is always a great bet, as all you're trying to do in this case is ensure whatever you hit gets statused quickly. So, in short, add two 60/60 mods of your choice, then focus on multishot, fire rate, and base damage.
Viral + Slash builds: You will need a weapon that has high, or even mostly Slash physical damage on it. You want to see something like 10impact, 10puncture, 80slash or so. Then, you need to make sure it has pretty decent status chance for its weapon type and RoF. Then, stack as much +damage as you can onto the weapon, and go to town. The idea is that the Viral status should proc often enough to keep viral status on the enemy, but Slash should also have a chance to apply its special Bleed Proc. The end result is having an enemy that would normally have a very high TtK (because of shields/armohp), cutting that time in half outright (reducing HP by half due to Viral), and then further speeding up TtK because you are doing large amounts of damage direct to their HP (due to Slash/Bleed Proc). This is usually overkill for most of the starchart, but you'll start to see it very useful if you ever start fighting lvl 70 or so mobs, especially Grineer. Either way, you'll want to make sure you have toxin+cold 60/60 mods, a decent RoF (or enough pellets in your shotgun), and then focus on multishot, base damage, and possibly even +Slash mods, depending on how the gun performs or what its stats are. You want to make sure Slash gets to proc just as often as Viral, which will not happen if your Viral damage is 1000, and your slash damage is only 300. (see Notes below)

COMMON TYPES:

Weapons that come with elemental damage types baked in, high RoF weapons, Shotguns

IMPORTANT NOTES:

The important thing behind status chance is also the 'weighting' of damage. Quickly put, every time you trigger a 'status', the game decides which of the damage types you're applying gets to proc. It decides this by adding up the total damage per shot, then giving each damage type a percentage based off how it adds to that total. It then rolls a d100, and whoever wins, gets the proc. So, if you have a weapon that deals 500 impact, 10 puncture, 10 slash, expect to se a LOT of impact procs. If you have a weapon that deals 30i, 30p, 30s, expect to see an even mix. If you have a weapon that does 750 radiation and zero IPS damage, well... don't ever expect to see any Slash procs! So, think about the mods you have equipped, and understand that you may need to add damage-specific mods to your weapon to get the desired effect. Sounds annoying, but one of the more fun things in Warframe is tweaking out your favorite weapon to totally fit your playstyle.

RAW DAMAGE BUILD:

These weapons are usually shunned by the community for 'being trash' or 'worthless MR fodder' or similar. However, that's fine because you can still complete 90% or more of every mission available with a weapon like this, and sometimes even take it into sorties or long-duration endless missions. Basically, if your favorite weapon does not have high status or high crit, you probably have a Raw Damage candidate.
BUT, all is not lost!
You can still have stupid amounts of fun with a 'not endgame viable' weapon, because most people only consider lvl 100+ enemies to be 'the endgame'. Do you plan on fighting lots of lvl 100+ enemies every day? No? Then keep using your weapon and have fun! Screw the meta, fun is more important.

HOW TO TELL:

10% or so crit, 10% or so status, depending on the rate of fire. However, a dead giveaway for a 'raw damage build' weapon will always be '5 dots of Riven Disposition'.

HOW TO BUILD:

Pretty well much however you want, as long as you include the norms. Include multishot, any/all +Damage mods you have (yes, even the elemental ones. they still add tons of damage, and a status proc is a nice bonus!), but more specifically, look that weapon up on the Wiki. There are plenty of single-weapon-only mods, or weapon-type-ony mods that you can probably fit into your build, and will make the whole thing more interesting or fun to use. Thrown weapons can use "Concealed Explosives". Launchers can use 'Adhesive Blast' and 'Firestorm' mods. Some weapons have mods that only drop from bosses and the owners regard those mods as trash, so ask around and you might get something hilarious to use. Basically, build it how you want, as long as you focus on adding damage first, damage speed (RoF, melee attack speed) second, and 'Fun Stuff' or QoL third.

COMMON TYPES:

5-dot Riven Disposition Weapons, anything with 'MK-1' in the name, any weapon that causes a player to go 'oh that weapon sucks', weapons that were released at the beginning of the game and haven't been seen or heard from since

IMPORTANT NOTES:

Generally speaking, the 'raw damage' weapons will start to suffer when going up against extremely tough, high leveled enemies. Their lack of crit/status chances become really evident then, when they might seem to fare just perfectly against lvl40 or even level 60 enemies. However, you're playing this for fun, and FASHIONFRAME IS LIFE, so if you're just farming or doing sorties or helping out friends, use your favorite, most fun, or coolest looking weapon. Nobody is going to care unless they see you at the extract screen with zero kills.
Also, you'll tend to see a lot of what I call 'Gimmick Mods' for these weapons. Mods that add on a special gimmick to the weapon that may or may not be useful. I always recommend trying these out at least once (if you find one or can get it cheaply), because they can make a lot of weapons FUN even if they can't wipe the map in a single magazine.

HYBRID WEAPONS

For most of the internet, these tend to be the 'best of the best of the best' weapons. YMMV. I will say that on paper, and many times in practice, the combination of status procs and lots of crits make for weapons that are useful and dangerous to pretty much any target they come across.

HOW TO TELL:

Generally, these weapons have crit and status of around 15 or so, but both will be 'comparatively high' when comparing to your standard crit or status weapon. Another dead giveaway is seeing a single-dot riven disposition status.

HOW TO BUILD:

Depending on the weapon or weapon type, this can go all kinds of different ways. Generally speaking, you will see the following:
  • Two 60/60 elemental mods (usually Corrosive or Viral, toxin + electric/cold)
  • 1 Critical Chance mod
  • 1 Critical Damage mod
  • Multishot Mod
  • Weapon Type damage mod (eg: Serration for rifles)
  • Two last mods that will be generally add more of the following: Multishot, base damage, Slash Damage, a third (or fourth!) elemental damage mod, fire/attack speed, Syndicate (or otherwise weapon-type-specific) mod, Weapon-specific Riven, Acolyte (spoiler) Mod, Vigilante/Augur mods, QoL (rarely, but usually in the categories of reload, magazine size, recoil)
  • NOTE: Any/All of the above should be fully maxed and in their Prime version. You should also have a potato and multiple Formas on it to fit everything in....
Funny thing is, that type of build can work on just about anything, really. Try it even on a Raw Damage weapon, you might just like it.
The difference here is that the high status chance combined with the high crit chance/damage means that you will tend to outperform a regular Crit or Status build in many cases. They also tend to be a bit more versatile than others as well. YMMV, but that's the way it goes.

COMMON TYPES:

Fancy guns that end in 'Prime', 1-dot riven disposition guns, anything that can be found within 30 seconds of searching google/youtube for "Warframe Best Weapon", also it seems, many of the newer weapons DE has released have been Hybrid or close-to-Hybrid

IMPORTANT NOTES:

Again, i need to stress that Hybrid weapons tend to shine only when you're doing extreme 'endgame' type stuff. Otherwise, they tend to perform just as well as the other three types. Don't get hung up on chasing hybrids, especially with 'Damage 3.0' coming up sometime this year. Just realize that the build i listed above for Hybrid weapons can also fit on prety well much every gun in the game and do pretty well on most, if not all, of the main game.

FINAL NOTES

Between the ever-changing meta, DE's changes and additions to the game, and people arguing on internet forums, there's never going to be a definitive list of 'best gun ever' (Hint: Want to make a lot of youtube views? Make a top 10 weapons video...).
Even so, you can learn yourself what 'types' of weapons there are, and mod them accordingly, regarless if they're the best, or if they're the most fun, or if you just happen to enjoy the way it looks holstered on your warframe. Sky's the limit, and we're doing this for fun and entertainment, k?
Also, in an emergency, remember that even the crappiest weapon that everyone hates can be made pretty useful and even end-game viable by getting a good Riven Mod for it.

TL;DR SWISS-ARMY-KNIFE BUILD

All this too hard or confusing? Look below. Adjust the build to your particular weapon/weapon type, what mods you have, and always, any QoL mods you want to use to make the weapon fit your style better! I can promise you that weapons using the below build can and will be pretty useful for most, if not all, of the entire starmap.
IN NO PARTICULAR ORDER (adjust according to your personal preference or availability of mods/mod capacity):
Basic Additions
  • 1 elemental mod (Your choice 90%, 60/60, or primed)
  • 1 elemental mod (Your choice 90%, 60/60, or primed, and your choice of combo with above, if any)
  • Multishot mod (for guns) / Attack Speed (for melee) / Reload -or- Magazine Size / Rate of Fire -or- -Recoil (The last two are good if you don't have multishot, or if you don't have the forma/mod capacity for it)
  • Weapon Type damage mod (eg: Serration for rifles)
that's 4, for most weapons you can stop here and do pretty well on mostly any mission. 30 mod points will be used up pretty quick, especially if you have no forma'd slots, or if you are using max-level mods. Direct damage is usually best to focus on first, as a dead enemy can't hurt you, but don't feel forced to have 'all maxed out mods'. Swap things around, test it out, see how you like it. Past here, you will likely need to make sure the weapon is level 30, and probably add a forma or a Potato. DO NOT ADD POTATOES (orokin catalysts) TO WEAPONS YOU JUST WANT TO TEST OUT. they are expensive!
Advanced Additions
  • 1 Critical Chance mod, 1 Critical Damage mod, then choose 2 from 'Grab Bag'
OR
  • 2 additional mods that add 'Status Chance' (60/60 mods, etc), then choose 2 from 'Grab Bag'
OR
  • Choose 4 from 'Grab bag'
GRAB BAG
  • Multishot, base damage, Slash Damage, a third (or fourth!) elemental damage mod, fire/attack speed, Syndicate (or otherwise weapon-type-specific) mod, Gimmick Mod, Weapon-specific Riven, Acolyte (spoiler) Mod, Vigilante/Augur mods, QoL (rarely, but usually in the categories of reload, magazine size, recoil), any mod you want that sounds cool, empty slot (to save on Potatos/Forma)
That's it. Hope that helps. Got any questions, complaints or comments? Please post below, and we'll get things sorted.
Happy Modding, Tenno!
EDIT: Missed a line about Status weapons, thanks to @fotoverite for pointing it out!
submitted by LJHalfbreed to unrelentingheroes [link] [comments]

[Table] I am a casino executive. AMA

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2013-06-16
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
What's you're best story about someone trying to con/steel from the casino? I figure you're looking for some kind of crazy Oceans 11 story (of which there are several in the industry but none on my watch), but honestly the best ones are people trying to steal from the fucking buffet.
Mom comes in with two kids and says they're not eating so she shouldn't have to pay. The cashier says OK.
Fast forward 15 minutes and the cashier notices that the kids are missing.
THE FUCKING MOTHER IS FEEDING THEM UNDER THE TABLE LIKE FUCKING DOGS.
Best AMA response ever. have an upvote! We had set out in the foyer those bags for your umbrella so the floor doesn't get wet.
Lady takes one, goes to the buffet, and starts filling it with food. Brazenly. Not trying to hide it.
We stop her and she says "what? this is all you can eat?!"
"Sit down and eat the contents of the bag then..." We found a HUGE ziplock bag of food by a table. The "customer" had obviously left it behind.
She realized she forgot it and came back to get it about 30 minutes later.
You should hire me as a buffet monitor i can pose as a customer then obnoxiously call them out for stuffing their purses with chicken fingers and mashed potatoes w/gravy. "HEY FAT LADAYYY I SEE YOU STEALIN THEM CHIKKAN FINGAZ!" Have a lady who consistently bitches about having to pay full price since she can't consume a lot because of her gastric bypass.
Do you actually have a policy to ask people to leave if you feel they lost more than they can afford? i watched a piece by loius theroux once where he asked this question to some of the managers of a casino and they all said "oh, i know they can afford it, of course we would ask them to stop if they couldnt". but obviously, from a business perspective, this is counter-intuitive towards making profits. so what is your take on this whole thing? and what is the overhead like for running a casino? what are some expenses you have which may be surprisingly high? We never make judgment on whether or not they can afford it. We really only step in if they come to us or start doing something overt like begging for money or asking for loans, etc. In the macro view, it's very bad for business if we don't do something about problem gambling when it presents itself.
Overhead... EBITDA margin of 30% is great.
Expenses... I guess crab legs would be too obvious? Besides that, maybe table games labor. You have a 0.5% house advantage at blackjack and have to have a physical person here 24/7 plus a supervisor for every 5-6 games.
What games are the biggest money makers for the casino? and coincidentally, Ace, ever ran a sports book? Penny slots by far.
Ha. No. But have worked in casinos that have them.
But why do I always win/come out ahead max-betting on the fucking Sex and the City penny slot? Google "law of large numbers"
1) How do you like the city? (So many people hate on it, and I don't understand why). Also, how did you like UNLV and when were you there? 1.) I actually just moved away for a job. I just think Vegas is OK. I moved there when I was in my mid-20s with a decent job so it was cool and exciting then. Fast forward a decade or so and the allure isn't there anymore. It's not "home" and I don't think it will ever will be because of how transient the population is.
2) to me it seems like a pretty small about of locals gamble (at least at the strip properties), do you guys keep tabs on those numbers? If so, what is the ratio of your gambling customers? 2.) I don't have the numbers in front of me, but we did a study one time and showed that Vegas has the highest incidence of regularly gambling activity in the nation. I always just felt that was a function of accessibility and self selection on the part of the residents. But you're right that locals don't go to the strip. The marketing offers are terrible compared to the non-strip properties and it's a pain to get to the strip just to get your gambling fix.
To what extent is organized crime still present in or around the casinos? Any personal encounters? Virtually none AFAIK.
The industry is very, very heavily regulated. When you get to the executive ranks you have to go through very, very thorough background checks. 5 years of tax returns, 5 years of all cancelled checks, explanations of all withdrawals > $200 and deposits > $500, in depth interview with an agent, etc.
The last time I've heard of legit organized crime here in the states (places like Macau are an entirely different story) was in Rosemont, IL I think in the mid-90s.
Link to casinoconnectionac.com
Damn, all withdrawals over $200? For the past 5 years? "Uh, I dunno, I don't really remember why I withdrew $300 from an ATM 3 years ago. Maybe I spent it buying some off of Craig's List, I dunno." Yeah, it's really ridiculous.
Explain Macau? The Triad are heavily influential there. Kind of like what you'd imagine in Vegas in the 50s.
Holy shit, I live in Des Plaines. Des Plaines' only problem now is how to more quickly count all the money they're making
The scene from Skyfall comes to mind. Yep.
Organized crime is the muscle of the casino, the security guards, the directors of security, the private investigators, the small business owners, the gamblers who launder money through the casinos. Of course the mob isn't like the movies anymore. Well i'm going to have to respectfully disagree with you on everything except the money laundering despite the fact we have to live by Title 31 Link to en.wikipedia.org
It is true that if a person is on a helluva winning streak and is consistantly winning and you cant figure out why... you will demand that he take his winnings and leave and never show his face in the place again? (kick him out for winning). It's possible but relatively rare. you have to have enough cash to really turn out our lights to get to that point. for the vast vast majority of people, we have more money than you so as long as feel like we can get you back in the door, go ahead and win away
So that scene in Rain man is totally bullshit then? Where they consistently win and make $80,000 from a couple of thousand... then are told to GTFO after the casino guys couldnt figure out how they were doing it. Bullshit only in the sense that couldn't figure out what was going on
What gives a person the best odds when playing Blackjack-playing with more decks or less decks? i seem to win more with tables that use 6 decks and my friends do better with 4 decks.. It's a lot more than the number of decks and the casinos use that information asymmetry to their advantage (e.g., $5 SINGLE DECK BLACKJACK!!!) Everything being the same, the less amount of decks the better but we will change the payouts for BJ, rules for splitting and double down, etc. to our advantage. So you can have a 6-deck shoe with otherwise very liberal rules that have a lower house advantage than a single deck show with very unfavorable rules.
So with the same set of rules, less decks is more favourable? Yes everything else being equal
Is that just because it's easier to count or is it fancy math stuff. Fancy math stuff.
USING FEWER DECKS.
Six Decks: -0.02% Five Decks: -0.03% Four Decks: -0.06% Two Decks: -0.19% One Deck: -0.48%
Link to www.onlineblackjack.com
Ever seen anyone get naked or have sex in the casino or bathrooms? Boobs pop out of the cocktail waitresses' uniforms relatively often because they'll get tops 3 sizes too small in order to get bigger cleveage/tips.
Saw chick blowing a dude at a slot machine at the entrance of a club.
And Vegas has all of these European-style pools so if you're out there "inspecting the grounds" then all those girls are topless.
Sweet. What'd you do with the BJ couple? Pic of one of the pools please? Security was running towards them so I just assumed they got the boot.
Pools = just go to imagefap and look for topless beaches.
Do you ever feel guilty for all the money people lose to your business? Of course.
Did you see the fictional series "Tilt" on ESPN about 5-7 years ago? Any opinions on it? Did you find it entertaining? Did you find any of it accurate at all? Vaguely. And when I say that I mean I remember the series and watching a bit of it and that's it.
To us, the holy grail of Casino movies is Casino and Rounders.
Thanks for the response! I love Rounders, but it seemed to focus more on the players, and more on non-casino-based games, whereas Tilt was as much about the casino management as anything else. I should watch Casino. Yeah if you're interested in the casino management piece then Casino.
Does your casino make any efforts to stop problem gamblers from betting more than they can afford? Every casino company has policies regarding problem gambling that are audited by the state. Each state also has its own minimum guidelines like mandating that brochures be placed in very visible areas of the casinos, hotline numbers printed on every ad, etc.
It's a delicate situation when you think someone might have a problem because, well it might not be a problem. So we generally only do things if they specifically ask us to (e.g., they can ban themselves) or if they start doing something really egregious like asking players or employees for loans at which point we'd probably pull them aside and hand them a brochure and ask if there's anything we can do to help because what they're currently doing is unacceptable (the begging).
There's a casino near my house that keeps a full time car appraiser on staff. I've always felt that's a little shady. You ever run into anything like that? No way.
Even though I believe casino gambling should be legal, I find the practice of casino's providing credit to be morally indefensible. What is your opinion on the practice? Would it be a reasonable compromise to allow for more casinos on the stipulation that gambling on a margin is banned? So if I'm a high worth individual who likes to gamble, your expectation is that I just bring in a suitcase of $100s to gamble with?
No, a debit card. Reasonable.
A debit card? not reasonable...a credit limit is the only feasible way some patrons can gamble...most people do not want to walk around with 50k in there pocket...and I'm not sure how you would go about withdrawing thousands of dollars from an ATM machine. I was being sarcastic. It's a huge competitive disadvantage to not be able to offer credit (e.g., Missouri) because no high roller wants to play there. You'd have to physically go to the bank, withdraw 20K cash or whatever, somehow survive walking to your car, and then somehow survive walking to the casino from your car. TBF, there's also what is called front money which is where you can wire money to us and we will hold it for you but you have to pay the fees vs us offering you credit free. I did have a millionaire player who strictly got his money off of a variety of credit cards and would just do cash advances. We obviously never questioned it but he had apparently had a huge credit line (evidenced by the amount he was able to withdraw) and enough to pay it back (evidenced by him able to come often).
notjabba...no one cares if "you believe casino gambling should or shouldn't be legal"
How do you know if i am card counting, and do you care if i am not playing for big money? Primarily odd fluctuations in your betting patterns. $5, 5, 5, 5, then $1,000, then $5, 5, 5, 5 would catch our eye big time.
, big money! We care. Small wins add up.
What if i went 5,5,5,20? Would you care then? At those low levels no one would be on the lookout for you.
How automated is the alerting system for this? Pit boss getting info from the sky I assume? Not very automated. There are a variety of technologies out there designed to thwart this but they're expensive and casinos are too staid to invest.
So basically it's just either surveillance or the pit supervisor noticing something odd then starting to keep track of the bets.
Might be a silly question, but does stuff ever go down like it does in the movies? Like, say some guy is cheating in one way or another or doesn't take a hint to leave. Is he going to get taken into a back room and get his ass kicked or just escorted out? Taking fingers, breaking knee caps etc. etc. Nah, too highly regulated these days.
At what point do you start looking for card counters? If I'm playing with a $50-200 bet spread am I noticeable? Is the the spread (4:1, 8:1, 20:1) the dollar figure or a combination? Sorry this isn't my area of expertise so I can't with this level of specificity. I'd think a 4X spread wouldn't be bad, though, but just an educated guess.
You could buy a membership to the Green Chip forum (bj21.com), though and read up on the reverse engineering they've done.
I would venture a guess that electronic card games have pattern recognition built right in? I don't know how they do the shuffle. I'd imagine it's a fresh shuffle before every hand like in video poker thus nullifying counting.
Well I understand that, but profits on a casino are through the roof, are they not? I assume that there is a relatively low amount of card counters , and that you still will make a very good profit. Profits aren't as good as you'd think post 2008 economy.
Bottom line is that it ain't ever gonna happen. Sorry.
What is the biggest amount you have seen someone lose? I was working at Wynn when Andy Beal played "The Corporation" so that was like $16.5MM he lost to them I believe.
That's fucking cool, I read the book detailing the events of this, Link to en.m.wikipedia.org. Any cool stories etc from your point of view from then? Honestly, everything I found out about it at the time was from 2+2. I didn't have direct access to the players so it wasn't really like I could analyze the session with Phil afterwards.
Urban legends of someone winning big at the slots but having it taken away to a glitch. Has this really happened to your knowledge? Not urban legend. Many cases like this. The player never wins. Google it and you'll find tons of them. E.g.,
Link to www.lasvegassun.com
This one is international but I think is the funniest. Not only did you "win" $55MM on a machine that stated the max jackpot was $50K but after winning $55MM, you went ahead and played another spin... just in case...
Link to www.thanhniennews.com
Damn that sucks. Well here is one for you. Did you know that in Panama you can double down at the black jack tables at any point. It gives you a huge advantage and you can win a lot of money that way. I'd heard something like that. My best friend (avid gambler) went to Costa Rica and basically came back saying he had to totally re-learn BJ when he was down there because of all of their crazy rules.
If that's true about Panama, I'm surprised there aren't people haven't just set up shop down there and pillaged that place until they went bust.
No i didnt have sex with the hooker but my friend did make out with her drunk. As would I. What's up with fucking people who just make out? Fucking amateur hour. This isn't fucking 7th grade.
He didn't know that she was a hooker and was just putting the moves on her. He thought he was just really smooth with his broken spanish. What he didn't know what that I paid her to keep quiet about it. He looked REALLY sad when someone else bought her and he realized what she was. I actually did something similar for my friend after he split up with his whore wife. We wanted to boost his spirits so gave a hooker $100 to go and flirt with him.
Shit man in Panama you can get a lot more than flirting for a hundo. Granted she won me a grand and i think i threw her 50 back. Well that and she got to make out with my friend...Worth it. Did your friend end up with the hooker hilarious movie style? Nah, this was in Vegas, he's cheap, and we're not that generous.
How do Vegas casinos differ from Native American casinos? Or are they essentially the same? Depends in the jurisdiction. in some there is no difference (e.g florida) while others are wildly different (e.g north Carolina)
I'm curious as to how they differ. I'm from NC but haven't been to any of the casinos around here. In NC, for example, games have to be "games of skill" so like on the slot machines you don't just pull the handle and watch the reels go round and round, you have to physically touch the game to stop each reel.
That's not true (I've been there). Admittedly it's been awhile since I've dealt with them (I used to work for Harrah's) but it was like that for awhile.
Link to wizardofodds.com (scroll down a bit)
They might have some that are like that, but the handful I played (there are a shit ton) were not. Apparently they've got table games there now, too, which is new from when I was last there just a year ago. Well the states quickly understand that they're leaving money on the table (no pun intended) but creating this arcane regulations.
Fastest growing casino region? AC? Vegas? Macau? Macau.
Absolutely nothing domestically.
Why? Distance to the large volume of middle and wealthy chinese? Yes, and whose culture has a high propensity for gambling.
Why isn't counting cards allowed? Lets say I was a math genius, isn't it just part of the game then? Because we reserve the right to serve whomever we please as long as we're not discriminatory against a protected class.
I see. It just seems like mocking people for being good. Maybe if I was a black math genius with down syndrome I could get along with it. No offense to either btw. Perhaps but we're not particularly concerned.
Btw, I'm a bit of an advantage gambler myself. I only play low house advantage games, maximize my coupons and promotions etc. so I'm sympathetic but there's just nothing that can be done on the card counting front.
Private business CAN discriminate based on protected classes, just bad business to do so. Then don't come to my casino.
Semi-serious question: have you ever crashed someone's hand with a hammer because he/she was found cheating? Boy do I wish, but no.
Could you explain why it is so difficult to get casinos in states that do not already have them? Im from Dallas, and it seems that the Oklahoma casinos are 70%+ Texans. It seems our state is losing a ton of $ to other states. (Oklahoma, Louisiana...) In Texas it's because your legislature meets relatively irregularly. expansion since the 90s has been predicated on budget shortfalls and using gaming to patch up those holes.
Texas' economy has been relatively good so combine that with a conservative legislature that doesn't meet often as we'd have have to have the perfect storm of you having a bad economic run at the same time the legislature is meeting.
Trust me, we are ready to pounce when that happens.
Okay so a couple of years ago there was a show called "Las Vegas" and it was about a casino. Hosts are basically your sales team to high worth players. The compensation structure is just like any other salesperson: base + commission.
Not sure if you ever saw it, but there was a character named Sam and she was a casino hostess and she was kind of a bitch but I always wanted to be that (casino host not bitch). How can I get into that? So, if you've never done that kind of work before or sales at all for that matter, you just need to take anykind of remotely similar job and then just keep trying to plug along with the job search.
Well I cant wait until it happens. I will gladly donate my fair share for a free Paula Dean buffet. We've owned land for decades in preparation.
You see where companies like PENN have already bought stakes in racetracks there, taking a bet that racinos (adding slots to tracks) will be the states first foray.
The owner of Landry's (also owns the Nugget) has said repeatedly that as soon as the law is passed he can have working slots in Galveston overnight. Yeah. His family (Fertitta) started Stations casinos in Vegas (and MMA) and really big shots in town.
Yeah, as a Houstonian and gambler, I am really hoping one day it finally happens. I hate hate HATE driving to Louisiana and I haven't been able to make it out to Vegas in 2+ years. The folks in Lake Charles and Shreveport do not share your sentiment.
I'm sure they don't. Bud of mine wanted to make an ad campaign of just going to Isle of Capri and showing the license plates. You mean Pile of Debris.
Highest progressive payout you've ever seen paid out? And what was the game? And any good stories about throwing out patrons? That I've physically seen? Probably like a $75K Caribbean Stud.
I have been encouraged by many people to get a job there, but no one, even me, knows where I should start. Personally, I don't enjoy gambling and have only been in the Hard Rock a couple times, just to see the lobby and buy shirts with some out of town guests. Probably on the non-gaming side. Not sure of your educational background but NA with degrees go very, very far very, very quickly.
So my question is where would you recommend someone to start in the casino industry, if they don't particulary like/understand gambling? If you want to work the front line, then hotel front desk or something like that.
I don't have a degree yet, but I do have 10 years in B2B (business to business) sales in telephony, so I know a lot about circuits/phone systems/general telecom. Native American.
EDIT: what does "NA" stand for? So then in your case either work in IT or maybe some kind of sales position like convention sales?
Oh I didn't know there would be some sort of sales team with a casino. Sweet. I considered IT, but I assumed it would be in the realm of network security, which I know little to nothing about. Who do you think maintains the phone switch, PCs, servers, etc.?
Proof? What would suffice without outing me?
You would know best what you have, however this sounds like it would be easier to prove confidentially to the mods. Things such as work ID, paystub, business card, etc are acceptable forms of confidential verification. I'll send a pic over to them. Never done this before so wasn't sure.
I have a BA in Accounting and am currently a Project Manager (Prior exp in Cost, Tax and Accural accounting, worked for the Big 4, Now I make Warheads for the Army). If I wanted to get into the Casino industry what jobs should I persue. What is the best way to persue them? Do people telecommute? Whats the pay range? We always need good finance people. There are always other industries they can work in so it's hard to find good people.
So I'd say just go be an accountant?
We post on all the major job boards and casinocareers.com is the main industry-specific job board.
Telecommuting is not a regularly accepted practice.
For finance, it's just market rate salary.
How did you get your job? Was in undergrad and needed a job. responded to ad in paper for entry level job. worked my way up.
I'm going to guess that wasn't a typo. Not going to edit for the lulz.
You know what, why the hell not? Best way to make money fast? Well, assuming you have one and only one bet to make, the math always says banker on baccarat.
Any tips/secrets for slot machine players? Which one's your favorite type/brand? Learn to play video poker, blackjack, baccarat, or craps.
Anything video scares me..are there 'rules' in place for video poker or Bj blackjack to guarantee payouts or is it completely random? If random, how do we know the game isn't rigged in your favor? Completely Random.
Because it behooves the state not to let us rig the games so they employ strict regulations to prevent such.
For example, many states mandate that this company verify the legitimacy of a game: Link to www.gaminglabs.com
Those states that don't, do it themselves.
I accidently got my gf addicted to video poker but it paid well. Its a better chance and payoff than video slots IMO. No opinion about it, it is true.
Does this only go for high roller tables? Or does it also go for some guy that hits a big jackpot on the slots? Both.
Are security as horrible as people say in Vegas? I've heard from my relatives that purse snatching and such happens quite a bit and security shows up minutes after they were called (so pretty much useless). On the other hand, I've heard some amazing quick response time in Macau. Are these myths? Need some reference point. Horrible as compared to what. You've got a 3-mile long street with literally a million people on it. There's gonna be crime.
Hmmm... how about relative to san diego or fort worth? I'd say on par to Gaslamp but I'm no criminologist.
HOW DO YOU SLEEP AT NIGHT!? I'm serious, I want the gritty details... You use a sleep number? Memory foam? Standard matress with some box springs? And what kind of pillow to. Oh, oh, and what is the thread count of your sheets... I'm a minimalist. Same mattress I've had for literally 15 years that I got at a department store. Hypoallergenic pillows from Target. 800 count. Also from Target.
Nice! Glad I registered my wedding at Target. Sounds like they got the good stuff. Decent and reasonably priced. The girls can't tell the difference between it and the really nice stuff.
Counting cards actually means that you are playing the game very well and it isn't cheating. How can you justify kicking someone out of a casino for being too good at the game? Also as far as I'm aware it isn't illegal. No it is not illegal but just like any other business we reserve the right to serve whomever we please (as long as we're not discriminating against a protected class, of course).
In essence you are keeping track of how many 10s/face cards and low cards are in the deck because high cards help the player, low cards help the dealer.
So if you know that the deck is rich in high cards you bet more and vice versa.
I will be attending UNLV for hospitality management in the fall. any tips? For undergrad? Make the program what you want out of it. Just by graduating no one is going to hand you a huge job but if you do well the brand recognition can really work in your favor.
Yep for undergrad. thanks for the answer! Go Rebels!
Does your business invest in gambling addictions or have employee training to prevent those who are gambling addicts from playing in your casino? I take it you mean gambling addiction treatment... And yes, we do: Link to www.americangaming.org
And every employee, at least in the majority of casinos, is trained on how to identify problem gaming.
How do you hire trust worthy people, meaning do you have some dude or gal that is like HR on steroids watching people? I imagine you have seen more than one case where there is employee theft or people who are running a front for money laundering? Well everyone goes through a background check through the state with fingerprints and whatnot then executives go through an FBI-style background check where they check all of your bank records and stuff.
But with so much cash floating around there is theft but it's basically like a bank so I can't imagine the incidence to be much higher than with tellers at banks.
How much do you make? Six figures + bonus.
Awesome. What was your path to this career choice? Like education/jobs. I just happened into it. Got entry level job during undergrad and worked my way up. Picked up master's while working.
Nice. Went to school for business I presume? For my master's yes. Have doo doo lib arts degree for undergrad.
Awesome! So you managed to get the entry level job with just an arts degrees then worked your way up? Or was the MBA necessary for where you are at now? I was in undergrad I got the job. It as entry level. $10/hr.
Master's not necessary but very helpful to stick out of the crowd.
Just noticed your name...classic. At around what limits are you able to get comps for free rooms out in either AC or Vegas? I would assume that Vegas is easier due to the vast amount of rooms, but what are your tips to earning comps faster? Depends on the property and depends on the game. And by rooms, do you mean like direct mail offers or the ability to walk up to someone and say "bitch, I'm a baller - hook me up!"
What do you know of online gambling? I did a bunch of preliminary work when I was a corporate person.
Last updated: 2013-06-21 00:10 UTC
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[Table] IAmA: I am Maria Ho, TV host and top-ranked female professional poker player with over 2 million dollars in tournament earnings. AMA!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2015-10-29
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
How often do you rely on tells, and what would be your tips for people who want to be professionals? When I first started playing professionally it was about 10 years ago and I don't think people were as in tune to the physical tells they were giving off then. Nowadays I rely much more on non physical tells such as bet sizing etc in order to make my decisions but I do feel as though one of the strongest assets of my game is that I am highly intuitive and because of that I will still go with my gut instinct from time to time when making a big decision. If I am on the fence in a hand and it could really go either way I will always defer to my instinct and it has served me well. My tips for people who want to become pros is to exercise good bankroll management and be extremely disciplined. I think there is an allure to this poker playing lifestyle that people see on tv or read about in interviews but the truth is that it really is a grind and if you don't take it seriously you will end up broke like the majority of the community. The people I respect most in poker are the ones that make a living to support themselves and their family by playing cash games day in and day out and not trying to chase the glory. There are some not so glamorous sides to poker and that doesn't get shown enough by the media so if you want to be a pro you have to treat it as if you would any other job.
I am so happy you are doing this AMA. You are one of my fav players to watch ! I am a new player to the game and have fallen in love. Besides the cliche “ don't let guys intimidate you at the table” What is your best advice for a new female player ? What type of training do you recommend to do ? I am so happy that you are a female and new to the game and that you love it! I think that women actually have an advantage in poker if you learn how to use and exploit it. My best advice would be to err on the side of aggression when playing because the general stereotype you are facing when playing is this notion that women naturally play tighter and more passively so we get a lot more credit than we should. If you are willing to follow through with it in the right situations, I strongly feel like you will see that you are able to get away with a lot more so when experimenting and figuring out what style works best for you, try being fairly aggressive and then adjust from there. Training wise I think that watching online training videos provides some of the best strategy available right now. They are constantly being updated and new videos are always being made so the content is always very current because poker is a game that is always evolving so keeping up to date on these strategy "trends" in poker is important. But to be honest, I have found that the most helpful thing is to mix watching videos and reading books with actually playing. There is nothing quite like getting firsthand experience in anything that you do and usually losing a bit of money really makes you want to be better, faster! :)
What kind of math do you do when you're playing and also, how do you don't tilt, when you have a really good hand? Math is obviously a pretty important part of poker but I would not say that I am a math whiz or anything. So for me personally when I play live I definitely rely on math when the situation very specifically calls for it. For example if someone is all in on the flop and I have a flush draw then it all boils down to the math. If I am getting the right price to call based on how many outs I have and pot odds etc and I think my draw is live meaning I don't believe my opponent has a better flush draw than me then I will call or fold purely based on what the math dictates. When playing online it is much easier to access because you have the use of HUDs (heads up displays) and other third party software that can help you calculate and make mathematical decisions in more complicated spots. I think not tilting is actually one of the most essential parts of being a good pro. Poker is actually something you have to be able to remove emotion from because being attached to a certain outcome can only hurt your ability to play your best.
Do you believe that certain people have developed a "6th Sense" for poker playing? Something extra sensory? In your opinion is there something internally that can be developed to "read" people better? I don't necessarily know if it is something you can develop per se, I think it is more of a skill that you naturally possess. I think when you are naturally very intuitive it actually can make up for lacking a bit on the fundamentals side where poker is concerned. For example, people like Phil Ivey and Phil Hellmuth probably don't play as mathematical of a game like some of the best online poker players do but that doesn't mean that they aren't some of the best poker players in the game. In poker I think that there is more than one way to skin a cat so to speak, and as long as you understand what skill sets are your strongest assets and use them correctly then you don't have to play one specific way in order to be a winning poker player. I think that the ability to read people in poker has to come somewhat naturally at first, but I think with more experience people can be able to hone in on that ability a bit better.
Wasn't Ivey the only "old school" player to do really well online? I think that Ivey in general is always going to be a bit of an anomaly in poker in a lot of respects. Nobody will argue that Ivey is and probably always will be one of the best. He is probably as close to having an innate, natural ability for poker as anyone who has ever played the game could have.
Do you think you've heard Lady Gaga's "Poker Face" more than the average person? Also who is harder to get a read from, men or women? When Poker Face came out I actually secretly choreographed a dance to it in my room and thought it was the best thing ever. Then they started playing that song at every single poker party I went to and I was never quite drunk enough to bust it out in front of a crowd. I have now forgotten most of the dance and hate that song as well. So yes, I would say I have heard it way more than the average person. I think it is much harder to read women than men at the poker table. I find men fairly easy to read for the most part. In poker and in life. I have used my reading abilities away from the table to tell when people are being dishonest and I am right a very high percentage of the time so there's that! :) Women are a bit more calculated before they express their emotions so I think that translates well for them at the tables.
I remember reading somewhere that one day you'd like to start your own charity. Do you have an idea in mind that you are passionate about? If so, is there a story behind the idea you'd like to share? Great question! I always love talking about my ambitions in the charity realm. I am very passionate about a few things actually. I would love to be more involved one day in helping people that are victims of domestic violence as I have a very close friend who was in a situation like that and I don't think there are as many support systems for that as I would like to see. I would also love to work very closely with kids in general whether it be via helping them gain access to education and other opportunities that people in the first world take for granted sometime and I am also very passionate about micro loans for people in third world countries to have self-sustaining small businesses that can help provide for their immediate family as well as boost their local economy.
Hey Maria. Big Fan! I got a few questions. Thanks for doing this. What do you recommend to someone who has interest in starting to play online poker but lives in the US? What is the best way to begin learning about poker? Who do you think will win this years main event? Hey! Thanks for the love! If you live in the US and want to start playing online then I think playing on some of the US legal sites is fine at the lower stakes. I think that live poker is a much better alternative for people who are living in the states currently but I feel optimistic about the prospects of online poker becoming legalized nationwide! I think the best way to begin learning about poker is by reading some of the staple poker books for basic strategy such as Theory of Poker by David Sklansky and Harrington on Hold 'em by Dan Harrington. I think Pierre Neuville winning would be awesome for poker since there is such a big debate about how poker is such a young person's game now and Pierre is 72. Max Steinberg also seems like an easy person to root for as well.
Thank you for doing this Maria! Massive fan! There has been a ton of representation for poker on reality T.V. Vanessa Rousso - BB17 Yourself & Tiffany Michelle - TAR 15 Garrett Adelstein - Survivor S28 Jean-Robert Bellande - Survivor S15. If you had a choice for one man and one woman to compete on an upcoming reality show who would you chose from the poker community? Hey there! I would definitely choose Daniel Negreanu to be on Survivor as I think he would be great at the social side and the strategic side of the game and he would be so entertaining to watch as he is pretty entertaining in everything that he does but he would also have a legit chance of winning as well. As far as women go I would have to say watching Vanessa Selbst on any show would probably be amazing because she is so ridiculously competitive that there could literally be nothing on the line and she would still try extremely hard to win and I think she can be very polarizing as well so that would make for a pretty interesting dynamic between her and her fellow competitors. But at the end of the day, that Tiffany Michelle and Maria Ho duo on Amazing Race is pretty much the nuts imo.
I'm not being disrespectful, but how often do people poke fun at your surname? Haha no disrespect taken! Somewhat often but as I have gotten older it is definitely more in jest and not in a derogatory way. When I was a kid I definitely got made fun of a lot but hey, what else can you expect from 12 year olds when you have a last name like Ho? I think it actually helped that I got made fun of as a kid because it helped me develop thick skin at a very young age which has proven to be useful in my adult life for sure. I actually say if you can't beat 'em, join em so I don't mind being a bit self-deprecating at times and making fun of myself with them! It's a good thing to be able to laugh at yourself.
How do your parents view your poker career now compared to when you just started? Well considering they were extremely opposed to me playing poker for a living when I first started 10 years ago they have definitely shifted a bit from that extreme now that I have had continued success in the game. But to be honest my parents are still constantly on my case about finding a more "stable, "suitable", "conventional" profession. I don't think I will ever be able to get my parents fully on board with the idea that their daughter plays poker professionally no matter how much success I have but I have accepted that I may never have their approval where this is concerned.
Last updated: 2015-10-30 16:02 UTC | Next update: 2015-10-30 16:12 UTC
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