Sports Betting at Indian Casinos - 500 Nations Indian

[DKNG, GAN] Due to tribal opposition, it is now unlikely that the bill to legalize California Sports betting will go to the election ballot in November.

The California sports betting bill proposed by Senator Bill Dodd has been pulled due to tribal opposition, according to Legal Sports Report.
The bill to legalize California sports betting in person and online through Indian gaming casinos and racetracks won't be placed on the 2020 election ballot in the state, but could be resurrected for the 2022 statewide election.
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What a USL D1 league might look like

TL;DR: Man with too much time on his hands goes deep down the rabbit hole on a concept this sub already didn’t seem that enthusiastic about. If you really want to skip ahead, CTRL+F “verdict” and it’ll get you there.
Two days ago, u/MrPhillyj2wns made a post asking whether USL should launch a D1 league in order to compete in Concacaf. From the top voted replies, it appears this made a lot of people very angry and has been widely regarded as a bad move.
But I’ve been at home for eight weeks and I am terribly, terribly bored.
So, I present to you this overview of what the USL pyramid might look like if Jake Edwards got a head of steam and attempted to establish a USSF-sanctioned first division. This is by no means an endorsement of such a proposal or even a suggestion that USL SHOULD do such a thing. It is merely an examination of whether they COULD.
Welcome to the Thunderdome USL Premiership
First, there are some base-level assumptions we must make in this exercise, because it makes me feel more scientific and not like a guy who wrote this on Sunday while watching the Belarusian Premier League (Go BATE Borisov!).
  1. All D1 teams must comply with known USSF requirements for D1 leagues (more on that later).
  2. MLS, not liking this move, will immediately remove all directly-owned affiliate clubs from the USL structure (this does not include hybrid ownerships, like San Antonio FC – NYCFC). This removes all MLS2 teams but will not affect Colorado Springs, Reno, RGVFC and San Antonio.
  3. The USL will attempt to maintain both the USL Championship and USL League One, with an eventual mind toward creating the pro/rel paradise that is promised in Relegations 3:16.
  4. All of my research regarding facility size and ownership net worth is correct – this is probably the biggest leap of faith we have to make, since googling “NAME net worth” and “CITY richest people” doesn’t seem guaranteed to return accurate results.
  5. The most a club can increase its available seating capacity to meet D1 requirements in a current stadium is no more than 1,500 seats (10% of the required 15,000). If they need to add more, they’ll need a new facility.
  6. Let’s pretend that people are VERY willing to sell. It’s commonly acknowledged that the USL is a more financially feasible route to owning a soccer club than in MLS (c.f. MLS-Charlotte’s reported $325 million expansion fee) and the USSF has some very strict requirements for D1 sanctioning. It becomes pretty apparent when googling a lot of team’s owners that this requirement isn’t met, so let’s assume everyone that can’t sells to people who meet the requirements.
(Known) USSF D1 league requirements:
- League must have 12 teams to apply and 14 teams by year three
- Majority owner must have a net worth of $40 million, and the ownership group must have a total net worth of $70 million. The value of an owned stadium is not considered when calculating this value.
- Must have teams located in the Eastern, Central and Pacific time zones
- 75% of league’s teams must be based in markets with at a metro population of at least 1 million people.
- All league stadiums must have a capacity of at least 15,000
The ideal club candidate for the USL Premiership will meet the population and capacity requirements in its current ground, which will have a grass playing surface. Of the USL Championship’s 27 independent/hybrid affiliate clubs, I did not find one club that meets all these criteria as they currently stand.
Regarding turf fields, the USSF does not have a formal policy regarding the ideal playing surface but it is generally acknowledged that grass is superior to turf. 6 of 26 MLS stadiums utilize turf, or roughly 23% of stadiums. We’ll hold a similar restriction for our top flight, so 2-3 of our top flight clubs can have turf fields. Seem fair?
Capacity is going to be the biggest issue, since the disparity between current requirements for the second-tier (5,000) and the first tier (15,000) is a pretty massive gap. Nice club you have there, triple your capacity and you’re onto something. As a result, I have taken the liberty of relocating certain (read: nearly all) clubs to new grounds, trying my utmost to keep those clubs in their current markets and –importantly--, ensure they play on grass surfaces.
So, let’s do a case-by-case evaluation and see if we can put together 12-14 teams that meet the potential requirements, because what else do you have to do?
For each club’s breakdown, anything that represents a chance from what is currently true will be underlined.
Candidate: Birmingham Legion FC
Location (Metro population): Birmingham, Ala. (1,151,801)
Time zone: Central
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Legion Field (FieldTurf, 71,594)
Potential owner: Stephens Family (reported net worth $4 billion)
Notes: Birmingham has a pretty strong candidacy. Having ditched the 5,000-seater BBVA Field for Legion Field, which sits 2.4 miles away, they’ve tapped into the city’s soccer history. Legion Field hosted portions of both the men’s and women’s tournaments at the 1996 Olympics, including a 3-1 U.S. loss to Argentina that saw 83,183 pack the house. The Harbert family seemed like strong ownership contenders, but since the death of matriarch Marguerite Harbert in 2015, it’s unclear where the wealth in the family is concentrated, so the Stephens seem like a better candidate. The only real knock that I can think of is that we really want to avoid having clubs play on turf, so I’d say they’re on the bubble of our platonic ideal USL Prem.
Candidate: Charleston Battery
Location (Metro population): Charleston, S.C. (713,000)
Time zone: Eastern
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Johnson Hagood Stadium (Grass, ~14,700)
Potential owner: Anita Zucker (reported net worth $3 billion)
Notes: Charleston’s candidacy isn’t looking great. Already disadvantaged due to its undersized metro population, a move across the Cooper River to Johnson Hagood Stadium is cutting it close in terms of capacity. The stadium, home to The Citadel’s football team, used to seat 21,000, before 9,300 seats on the eastern grandstand were torn down in 2017 to deal with lead paint that had been used in their construction. Renovation plans include adding 3,000 seats back in, which could hit 15,000 if they bumped it to 3,300, but throw in a required sale by HCFC, LLC (led by content-creation platform founder Rob Salvatore) to chemical magnate Anita Zucker, and you’ll see there’s a lot of ifs and ands in this proposal.
Candidate: Charlotte Independence
Location (Metro population): Charlotte, N.C. (2,569, 213)
Time zone: Eastern
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Jerry Richardson Stadium (Turf, 15,314)
Potential owner: James Goodnight (reported net worth $9.1 billion)
Notes: Charlotte ticks a lot of the boxes. A move from the Sportsplex at Matthews to UNC-Charlotte’s Jerry Richardson stadium meets capacity requirements, but puts them on to the dreaded turf. Regrettably, nearby American Legion Memorial Stadium only seats 10,500, despite a grass playing surface. With a sizeable metro population (sixth-largest in the USL Championship) and a possible owner in software billionaire James Goodnight, you’ve got some options here. The biggest problem likely lies in direct competition for market share against a much better-funded MLS Charlotte side due to join the league in 2021.
Candidate: Hartford Athletic
Location (Metro population): Hartford, Conn. (1,214,295)
Time zone: Eastern
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Pratt & Whitney Stadium (Grass, 38,066)
Potential owner: Ray Dalio (reported net worth $18.4 billion)
Notes: Okay, I cheated a bit here, having to relocate Hartford to Pratt & Whitney Stadium, which is technically in East Hartford, Conn. I don’t know enough about the area to know if there’s some kind of massive beef between the two cities, but the club has history there, having played seven games in 2019 while Dillon Stadium underwent renovations. If the group of local businessmen that currently own the club manage to attract Dalio to the table, we’re on to something.
Candidate: Indy Eleven
Location (Metro population): Indianapolis, Ind. (2,048,703)
Time zone: Eastern
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Lucas Oil Stadium (Turf, 62,421)
Potential owner: Jim Irsay (reported net worth of $3 billion)
Notes: Indy Eleven are a club that are SO CLOSE to being an ideal candidate – if it weren’t for Lucas Oil Stadium’s turf playing surface. Still, there’s a lot to like in this bid. I’m not going to lie, I have no idea what current owner and founder Ersal Ozdemir is worth, but it seems like there might be cause for concern. A sale to Irsay, who also owns the NFL Indianapolis (nee Baltimore) Colts, seems likely to keep the franchise there, rather than make a half-mile move to 14,230 capacity Victory Field where the AAA Indianapolis Indians play and expand from there.
Candidate: Louisville City FC
Location (Metro population): Louisville, Ky. (1,297,310)
Time zone: Eastern
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Lynn Family Stadium (Grass, 14,000, possibly expandable to 20,000)
Potential owner: Wayne Hughes (reported net worth $2.8 billion)
Notes: I’m stretching things a bit here. Lynn Family stadium is currently listed as having 11,700 capacity that’s expandable to 14,000, but they’ve said that the ground could hold as many as 20,000 with additional construction, which might be enough to grant them a temporary waiver from USSF. If the stadium is a no-go, then there’s always Cardinal Stadium, home to the University of Louisville’s football team, which seats 65,000 but is turf. Either way, it seems like a sale to someone like Public Storage founder Wayne Hughes will be necessary to ensure the club has enough capital.
Candidate: Memphis 901 FC
Location (Metro population): Memphis, Tenn. (1,348,260)
Time zone: Central
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Liberty Bowl Stadium (Turf, 58,325)
Potential owner: Fred Smith (reported net worth $3 billion)
Notes: Unfortunately for Memphis, AutoZone Park’s 10,000 seats won’t cut it at the D1 level. With its urban location, it would likely prove tough to renovate, as well. Liberty Bowl Stadium more than meets the need, but will involve the use of the dreaded turf. As far as an owner goes, FedEx founder Fred Smith seems like a good local option.
Candidate: Miami FC, “The”
Location (Metro population): Miami, Fla. (6,158,824)
Time zone: Eastern
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Riccardo Silva Stadium (FieldTurf, 20,000)
Potential owner: Riccardo Silva (reported net worth $1 billion)
Notes: Well, well, well, Silva might get his wish for top-flight soccer, after all. He’s got the money, he’s got the metro, and his ground has the capacity. There is the nagging issue of the turf, though. Hard Rock Stadium might present a solution, including a capacity of 64,767 and a grass playing surface. It is worth noting, however, that this is the first profile where I didn’t have to find a new potential owner for a club.
Candidate: North Carolina FC
Location (Metro population): Durham, N.C. (1,214,516 in The Triangle)
Time zone: Eastern
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Carter-Finley Stadium (Grass/Turf, 57,583)
Potential owner: Steve Malik (precise net worth unknown) / Dennis Gillings (reported net worth of $1.7 billion)
Notes: We have our first “relocation” in North Carolina FC, who were forced to trade Cary’s 10,000-seat WakeMed Soccer Park for Carter-Finley Stadium in Durham, home of the NC State Wolfpack and 57,583 of their closest friends. The move is a whopping 3.1 miles, thanks to the close-knit hub that exists between Cary, Durham and Raleigh. Carter-Finley might be my favorite of the stadium moves in this exercise. The field is grass, but the sidelines are artificial turf. Weird, right? Either way, it was good enough for Juventus to play a friendly against Chivas de Guadalajara there in 2011. Maybe the move would be pushed for by new owner and medical magnate Dennis Gillings, whose British roots might inspire him to get involved in the Beautiful Game. Straight up, though, I couldn’t find a net worth for current owner Steve Malik, though he did sell his company MedFusion for $91 million in 2010, then bought it back for an undisclosed amount and sold it again for $43 million last November. I don’t know if Malik has the juice to meet D1 requirements, but I suspect he’s close.
Candidate: Pittsburgh Riverhounds SC
Location (Metro population): Pittsburgh, Penn. (2,362,453)
Time zone: Eastern
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Heinz Field (Grass, 64,450)
Potential owner: Henry Hillman (reported net worth $2.5 billion)
Notes: I don’t know a ton about the Riverhounds, but this move in particular feels like depriving a pretty blue-collar club from its roots. Highmark Stadium is a no-go from a seating perspective, but the Steelers’ home stadium at Heinz Field would more than meet the requirements and have a grass surface that was large enough to be sanctioned for a FIFA friendly between the U.S. WNT and Costa Rica in 2015. As for an owner, Tuffy Shallenberger (first ballot owner name HOF) doesn’t seem to fit the USSF bill, but legendary Pittsburgh industrialist Henry Hillman might. I’m sure you’re asking, why not the Rooney Family, if they’ll play at Heinz Field? I’ll tell you: I honestly can’t seem to pin down a value for the family. The Steelers are valued at a little over a billion and rumors persist that Dan Rooney is worth $500 million, but I’m not sure. I guess the Rooneys would work too, but it’s a definite departure from an owner in Shallenberger who was described by one journalist as a guy who “wears boots, jeans, a sweater and a trucker hat.”
Candidate: Saint Louis FC
Location (Metro population): St. Louis, Mo. (2,807,338)
Time zone: Central
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Busch Stadium (Grass, 45,494)
Potential owner: William DeWitt Jr. (reported net worth $4 billion)
Notes: Saint Louis has some weirdness in making the jump to D1. Current CEO Jim Kavanaugh is an owner of the MLS side that will begin play in 2022. The club’s current ground at West Community Stadium isn’t big enough, but perhaps a timely sale to Cardinals owner William DeWitt Jr. could see the club playing games at Busch Stadium, which has a well established history of hosting other sports like hockey, college football and soccer (most recently a U.S. WNT friendly against New Zealand in 2019). The competition with another MLS franchise wouldn’t be ideal, like Charlotte, but with a big enough population and cross marketing from the Cardinals, maybe there’s a winner here. Wacko idea: If Busch doesn’t pan out, send them to The Dome. Sure, it’s a 60k turf closed-in stadium, but we can go for that retro NASL feel and pay homage to our nation’s soccer history.
Candidate: Tampa Bay Rowdies
Location (Metro population): Tampa, Fla. (3,068,511)
Time zone: Eastern
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Raymond James Stadium (Grass, 65,518)
Potential owner: Edward DeBartolo Jr. (reported net worth $3 billion)
Notes: This one makes me sad. Despite having never been there, I see Al Lang Stadium as an iconic part of the Rowdies experience. Current owner Bill Edwards proposed an expansion to 18,000 seats in 2016, but the move seems to have stalled out. Frustrated with the city’s lack of action, Edwards sells to one-time San Francisco 49ers owner Edward DeBartolo Jr., who uses his old NFL connections to secure a cushy lease at the home of the Buccaneers in Ray Jay, the site of a 3-1 thrashing of Antigua and Barbuda during the United States’ 2014 World Cup Qualifying campaign.
Breather. Hey, we finished the Eastern Conference teams. Why are you still reading this? Why am I still writing it? Time is a meaningless construct in 2020 my friends, we are adrift in the void, fueled only by brief flashes of what once was and what may yet still be.
Candidate: Austin Bold FC
Location (Metro population): Austin, Texas (2,168,316)
Time zone: Central
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Darrel K Royal – Texas Memorial Stadium (FieldTurf, 95,594)
Potential owner: Michael Dell (reported net worth of $32.3 billion)
Notes: Anthony Precourt’s Austin FC has some unexpected competition and it comes in the form of tech magnate Michael Dell. Dell, were he to buy the club, would be one of the richest owners on our list and could flash his cash in the new first division. Would he have enough to convince Darrel K Royal – Texas Memorial Stadium (I’m not kidding, that’s its actual name) to go back to a grass surface, like it did from ’96-’08? That’s between Dell and nearly 100,000 UT football fans, but everything can be had for the right price.
Candidate: Colorado Springs Switchbacks FC
Location (Metro population): Colorado Springs, Colo. (738,939)
Time zone: Mountain
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Falcon Stadium (FieldTurf, 46,692)
Potential owner: Charles Ergen (reported net worth $10.8 billion)
Notes: Welcome to Colorado Springs. We have hurdles. For the first time in 12 candidates, we’re back below the desired 1 million metro population mark. Colorado Springs actually plans to build a $35 million, 8,000 seat venue downtown that will be perfect for soccer, but in our timeline that’s 7,000 seats short. Enter Falcon Stadium, home of the Air Force Academy Falcons football team. Seems perfect except for the turf, right? Well, the tricky thing is that Falcon Stadium is technically on an active military base and is (I believe) government property. Challenges to getting in and out of the ground aside, the military tends to have a pretty grim view of government property being used by for-profit enterprises. Maybe Charles Ergen, founder and chairman of Dish Network, would be able to grease the right wheels, but you can go ahead and throw this into the “doubtful” category. It’s a shame, too. 6,035 feet of elevation is one hell of a home-field advantage.
Candidate: El Paso Locomotive FC
Location: El Paso, Texas
Time zone: Mountain
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Sun Bowl (FieldTurf, 51,500)
Potential owner: Paul Foster (reported net worth $1.7 billion)
Notes: God bless Texas. When compiling this list, I found so many of the theoretical stadium replacements were nearly serviceable by high school football fields. That’s insane, right? Anyway, Locomotive don’t have to settle for one of those, they’ve got the Sun Bowl, which had its capacity reduced in 2001 to a paltry 51,500 (from 52,000) specifically to accommodate soccer. Sure, it’s a turf surface, but what does new owner Paul Foster (who is only the 1,477th wealthiest man in the world, per Forbes) care, he’s got a team in a top league. Side note: Did you know that the Sun Bowl college football game is officially, through sponsorship, the Tony the Tiger Sun Bowl? Why is it not the Frosted Flakes Sun Bowl? Why is the cereal mascot the promotional name of the football game? What are you doing, Kellogg’s?
Candidate: Las Vegas Lights FC
Location: Las Vegas, Nev. (2,227,053)
Time zone: Pacific
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Allegiant Stadium (Grass, 61,000)
Potential owner: Sheldon Adelson (reported net worth $37.7 billion)
Notes: Sin City. You had to know that the club that once signed Freddy Adu because “why not” was going to go all out in our flashy hypothetical proposal. Thanks to my narrative control of this whole thing, they have. Adelson is the second-richest owner in the league and has decided to do everything first class. That includes using the new Raiders stadium in nearby unincorporated Paradise, Nevada, and spending boatloads on high profile transfers. Zlatan is coming back to the U.S., confirmed.
Candidate: New Mexico United
Location: Albuquerque, N.M.
Time zone: Mountain
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Isotopes Park – officially Rio Grande Credit Union Field at Isotopes Park (Grass, 13,500 – 15,000 with expansion)
Potential owner: Maloof Family (reported net worth $1 billion)
Notes: New Mexico from its inception went deep on the community vibe, and I’ve tried to replicate that in this bid. The home field of Rio Grande Cr---I’m not typing out the whole thing—Isotopes Park falls just within the expansion rules we set to make it to 15,000 (weird, right?) and they’ve found a great local ownership group in the Lebanese-American Maloof (formerly Maalouf) family from Las Vegas. The only thing to worry about would be the metro population, but overall, this could be one of the gems of USL Prem.
Candidate: Oklahoma City Energy FC
Location: Oklahoma City, Okla. (1,396,445)
Time zone: Central
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark (Grass, 13,066)
Potential owner: Harold Hamm (reported net worth $14.2 billion)
Notes: There’s a bright golden haze on the meadow and it says it’s time to change stadiums and owners to make it to D1. A sale to oil magnate Harold Hamm would give the club the finances it needs, but Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark (home of the OKC Dodgers) actually falls outside of the boundary of what would meet capacity if 1,500 seats were added. Could the club pull off a move to Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium in Norman, Oklahoma – home of the Oklahoma Sooners? Maybe, but at 20 miles, this would be a reach.
Candidate: Orange County SC
Location: Irvine, Calif. (3,176, 000 in Orange County)
Time zone: Pacific
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Angels Stadium of Anaheim (Grass, 43,250)
Potential owner: Arte Moreno (reported net worth $3.3 billion)
Notes: You’ll never convince me that Rangers didn’t choose to partner with Orange County based primarily on its name. Either way, a sale to MLB Angels owner Arte Moreno produces a fruitful partnership, with the owner choosing to play his newest club out of the existing Angels stadium in OC. Another baseball conversion, sure, but with a metro population of over 3 million and the closest thing this hypothetical league has to an LA market, who’s complaining?
Candidate: Phoenix Rising FC
Location: Phoenix, Ariz. (4,857,962)
Time zone: Arizona
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): State Farm Stadium (Grass, 63,400)
Potential owner: Ernest Garcia II (reported net worth $5.7 billion)
Notes: We’re keeping it local with new owner and used car guru Ernest Garcia II. His dad owned a liquor store and he dropped out of college, which is making me feel amazing about my life choices right now. Casino Arizona Field is great, but State Farm Stadium is a grass surface that hosted the 2019 Gold Cup semifinal, so it’s a clear winner. Throw in Phoenix’s massive metro population and this one looks like a lock.
Candidate: Reno 1868 FC
Location: Reno, Nev. (425,417)
Time zone: Pacific
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Mackay Stadium (FieldTurf, 30,000)
Potential owner: Nancy Walton Laurie (reported net worth $7.1 billion)
Notes: The Biggest Little City on Earth has some serious barriers to overcome, thanks to its low metro population. A sale to Walmart heiress Nancy Walton Laurie and 1.6 mile-move to Mackay Stadium to split space with the University of Nevada, Reno makes this bid competitive, but the turf surface is another knock against it.
Candidate: Rio Grande Valley FC
Location: Edinburg, Texas (900,304)
Time zone: Central
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): McAllen Memorial Stadium (FieldTurf, 13,500 – 15,000 with expansion)
Potential owner: Alice Louise Walton (reported net worth $45 billion)
Notes: Yes, I have a second straight Walmart heiress on the list. She was the first thing that popped up when I googled “McAllen Texas richest people.” The family rivalry has spurred Walton to buy a club as well, moving them 10 miles to McAllen Memorial Stadium which, as I alluded to earlier, is a straight up high school football stadium with a full color scoreboard. Toss in an additional 1,500 seats and you’ve met the minimum, despite the turf playing surface.
Candidate: San Antonio FC
Location: San Antonio, Texas (2,550,960)
Time zone: Central
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Alamodome (FieldTurf, 64,000)
Potential owner: Red McCombs (reported net worth $1.6 billion)
Notes: I wanted to keep SAFC in the Spurs family, since the franchise is valued at $1.8 billion. That said, I didn’t let the Rooneys own the Riverhounds based on the Steelers’ value and it felt wrong to change the rules, so bring on Clear Channel co-founder Red McCombs. Toyota Field isn’t viable in the first division, but for the Alamodome, which was built in 1993 in hopes of attracting an NFL franchise (and never did), San Antonio can finally claim having *a* national football league team in its town (contingent on your definition of football). Now if only we could do something about that turf…
Candidate: San Diego Loyal SC
Location: San Diego, Calif. (3,317,749)
Time zone: Pacific
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): SDCCU Stadium (formerly Qualcomm) (Grass, 70,561)
Potential owner: Phil Mickelson (reported net worth $91 million)
Notes: Yes, golf’s Phil Mickelson. The existing ownership group didn’t seem to have the wherewithal to meet requirements, and Phil seemed to slot right in. As an athlete himself, he might be interesting in the new challenges of a top flight soccer team. Toss in a move to the former home of the chargers and you might have a basis for tremendous community support.
Candidate: FC Tulsa
Location: Tulsa, Okla. (991,561)
Time zone: Central
Stadium (playing surface, capacity): Skelly Field at H.A. Chapman Stadium (FieldTurf, 30,000)
Potential owner: George Kaiser ($10 billion)
Notes: I’m a fan of FC Tulsa’s rebrand, but if they want to make the first division, more changes are necessary. A sale to Tulsa native and one of the 100 richest men in the world George Kaiser means that funding is guaranteed. A move to Chapman Stadium would provide the necessary seats, despite the turf field. While the undersize population might be an issue at first glance, it’s hard to imagine U.S. Soccer not granting a waiver over a less than a 10k miss from the mark.
And that’s it! You made it. Those are all of the independent/hybrid affiliates in the USL Championship, which means that it’s time for our…
VERDICT: As an expert who has studied this issue for almost an entire day now, I am prepared to pronounce which USL Championships could be most ‘ready” for a jump to the USL Prem. A reminder that of the 27 clubs surveyed, 0 of them met our ideal criteria (proper ownership $, metro population, 15,000+ stadium with grass field).
Two of them, however, met almost all of those criteria: Indy Eleven and Miami FC. Those two clubs may use up two of our three available turf fields right from the outset, but the other factors they hit (particularly Silva’s ownership of Miami) makes them difficult, if not impossible to ignore for the top flight.
But who fill in the rest of the slots? Meet the entire 14-team USL Premier League:
Hartford Athletic
Indy Eleven
Louisville City FC
Miami FC
North Carolina FC
Pittsburgh Riverhounds SC
Tampa Bay Rowdies
Saint Louis FC
San Antonio FC
New Mexico United
Phoenix Rising FC
Las Vegas Lights FC
Orange County SC
San Diego Loyal SC
Now, I shall provide my expert rationale for each club’s inclusion/exclusion, which can be roughly broken down into four categories.
Firm “yes”
Hartford Athletic: It’s a good market size with a solid stadium. With a decent investor and good community support, you’ve got potential here.
Indy Eleven: The turf at Lucas Oil Stadium is no reason to turn down a 62,421 venue and a metro population of over 2 million.
Louisville City FC: Why doesn’t the 2017 & 2018 USL Cup champion deserve a crack at the top flight? They have the market size, and with a bit of expansion have the stadium at their own SSS. LCFC, you’re in.
Miami FC, “The”: Our other blue-chip recruit on the basis of ownership value, market size and stadium capacity. Yes, that field is turf, but how could you snub Silva’s chance to claim victory as the first division 1 club soccer team to play in Miami?
Pittsburgh Riverhounds SC: Pittsburgh sacrificed a lot to be here (according to my arbitrary calculations). Their market size and the potential boon of soccer at Heinz Field is an important inclusion to the league.
Saint Louis FC: Willie hears your “Busch League” jokes, Willie don’t care. A huge market size, combined with the absence of an NFL franchise creates opportunity. Competition with the MLS side, sure, but St. Louis has serious soccer history and we’re willing to bet it can support two clubs.
Tampa Bay Rowdies: With a huge population and a massive stadium waiting nearby, Tampa Bay seems like too good of an opportunity to pass up for the USL Prem.
Las Vegas Lights FC: Ostentatious, massive and well-financed, Las Vegas Lights FC is everything that the USL Premier League would need to assert that it didn’t intend to play second fiddle to MLS. Players will need to be kept on a short leash, but this is a hard market to pass up on.
Phoenix Rising FC: Huge population, big grass field available nearby and a solid history of success in recent years. No brainer.
San Diego Loyal SC: New club? Yes, massive population in a market that recently lost an absolutely huge sports presence? Also yes. This could be the USL Prem’s Seattle.
Cautious “yes”
New Mexico United: You have to take a chance on New Mexico United. The club set the league on fire with its social media presence and its weight in the community when it entered the league last season. The market may be slightly under USSF’s desired 1 million, but fervent support (and the ability to continue to use Isotopes Park) shouldn’t be discounted.
North Carolina FC: Carter-Finley’s mixed grass/turf surface is a barrier, to be sure, but the 57,000+ seats it offers (and being enough to offset other fully-turf offerings) is enough to put it in the black.
Orange County SC: It’s a top-tier club playing in a MLB stadium. I know it seems unlikely that USSF would approve something like that, but believe me when I say “it could happen.” Orange County is a massive market and California likely needs two clubs in the top flight.
San Antonio FC: Our third and only voluntary inclusion to the turf fields in the first division, we’re counting on San Antonio’s size and massive potential stadium to see it through.
Cautious “no”
Birmingham Legion FC: The town has solid soccer history and a huge potential venue, but the turf playing surface puts it on the outside looking in.
Memphis 901 FC: Like Birmingham, not much to dislike here outside of the turf playing surface at the larger playing venue.
Austin Bold FC: See the other two above.
FC Tulsa: Everything’s just a little bit off with this one. Market’s slightly too small, stadium has turf. Just not enough to put it over the top.
Firm “no”
Charleston Battery: Small metro and a small potential new stadium? It’s tough to say yes to the risk.
Charlotte Independence: A small new stadium and the possibility of having to compete with an organization that just paid over $300 million to join MLS means it’s best for this club to remain in the USL Championship.
Colorado Springs Switchbacks FC: When a club’s best chance to meet a capacity requirement is to host games at a venue controlled by the military, that doesn’t speak well to a club’s chances.
El Paso Locomotive FC: An undersized market and a turf field that meets capacity requirements is the death knell for this one.
Oklahoma City Energy FC: Having to expand a baseball field to meet requirements is a bad start. Having to potentially play 20 miles away from your main market is even worse.
Reno 1868 FC: Population nearly a half-million short of the federation’s requirements AND a turf field at the hypothetical new stadium makes impossible to say yes to this bid.
Rio Grande Valley FC: All the seat expansions in the world can’t hide the fact that McAllen Memorial Stadium is a high school stadium through and through.
Here’s who’s left in the 11-team Championship:
Birmingham Legion FC
Charleston Battery
Charlotte Independence
Memphis 901 FC
Austin Bold FC
Colorado Springs Switchbacks FC
El Paso Locomotive FC
Oklahoma City Energy FC
Reno 1868 FC
Rio Grande Valley FC
FC Tulsa
With MLS folding the six affiliates it has in USL League One, the league is a little bit thin (especially considering USSF’s requirements for 8 teams for lower level leagues), but seems definitely able to expand up to the necessary numbers with Edwards’ allusions to five new additions this year:
Chattanooga Red Wolves SC
Forward Madison FC
Greenville Triumph SC
Union Omaha
Richmond Kickers
South Georgia Tormenta
FC Tucson
Format of Assorted Leagues – This (like everything in this post) is pure conjecture on my part, but here are my thoughts on how these leagues might function in a first year while waiting for additional expansion.
USL Premier – We’ll steal from the 12-team Scottish Premiership. Each club plays the other 11 clubs 3 times, with either one or two home matches against each side. When each club has played 33 matches, the top six and bottom six separate, with every club playing an additional five matches (against each other team in its group). The top club wins the league. The bottom club is automatically relegated. The second-bottom club will enter a two-legged playoff against someone (see below) from the championship playoffs.
USL Championship -- 11 clubs is a challenge to schedule for. How about every club plays everyone else three times (either one or two home matches against each side)? Top four clubs make the playoffs, which are decided by two-legged playoffs. The winner automatically goes up. I need feedback on the second part – is it better to have the runner-up from the playoffs face the second-bottom club from the Premiership, or should the winner of the third-place match-up get the chance to face them to keep drama going in both playoff series? As for relegation, we can clearly only send down the last place club while the third division is so small.
USL League One – While the league is so small, it doesn’t seem reasonable to have the clubs play as many matches as the higher divisions. Each club could play the other six clubs four times – twice at home and twice away – for a very equitable 24-match regular season, which would help restrict costs and still provide a chance to determine a clear winner. Whoever finishes top of the table goes up.
And there you have it, a hypothetical look at how the USL could build a D1 league right now. All it would take is a new stadium for almost the entire league and new owners for all but one of the 27 clubs, who wouldn’t feel that their property would be massively devalued if they got relegated.
Well that’s our show. I’m curious to see what you think of all of this, especially anything that you think I may have overlooked (I’m sure there’s plenty). Anyway, I hope you’re all staying safe and well.
submitted by Soccervox to USLPRO [link] [comments]

17.03 The latest from the City of Cologne (a long one)

u/homer__jay has posted that you can get information from the City of Cologne in different languages.
The City of Cologne put the regional directives to reduce contacts into effect.
The current situation at 15:00 on Monday, 16th March 2020 is that within the city boundaries there are a total of 301 confirmed Corona cases. Nine of these cases are being treated in hospital, four of those in intensive care. The Heath Office (Gesundheitsamt) has ordered over 1000 people to self-isolate at home. Also a care home for disabled citizens has been placed in quarantine with 26 people being affected.
Many infected people continue to arrive from foreign risk areas, especially from Austria. The Heath Office is ordering ALL people arriving from a Corona risk area, and that includes Italy, Iran, Hubei province in China, Gyeongsangbuk-do province in South Korea, the Grand-Est region of France, Tirol, Madrid and the US states of California, Washington and New York to place themselves in self-isolation for 14 days.
The crisis committee agreed on the following measures which have legal force to implement the regional government directives. They come into force on 17th March 2020 (today).
• People recently arrived from Corona risk areas (see above) are forbidden to visit schools, kitas, hospitals and other special facilities.
• Reduce visits to hospitals to protect patients and staff (u/Caladeutschian adds that I have heard that ALL visitors to the UniKlinik are banned)
• All places of entertainment, especially bars, clubs and disktheques as well as theatres, cinemas and museums must be closed.
• All gastronomy businesses, especially restaurants, cafes and pubs must be closed. An exception is made for those businesses which have take-away sales or home delivery of pre-ordered meals and drinks.
• There are restrictions on hotels (u/Caladeutschian says there is no further information given)
• All sports facilities, especially fitness studios, swimming pools, saunas and fun pools must be closed.
• All amusment arcades, casinos and betting shops and similar businesses must be closed.
• All prostitution businesses must be closed.
• All classes or similar in Volkshochschulen, Music schools and other public and private non-school educational establishments must be cancelled.
• All meetings and gatherings in sports clubs as well as other sport and leisure facilities are banned. As long as the public are excluded, an exception is made for training of professional sports.
• Libraries are restricted (u/caladeutschian reports that the city library is closed and no book loans are currently possible. Books currently out on loan will have the loan period extended until the library reopens)
• There are restrictions on showrooms, shopping malls, factory outlets and similar businesses where there are more than 15 single businesses. (no further details)
• All events are prohibited. This includes a prohibition on all open-air gatherings and demonstrations.
• All of the previously mentioned directives are in force until at least 19th April 2020.
To avoid gatherings of people, also in open-air, the following places will be closed. The Botanic Gardens, the Arboretum, the Lindentaler Zoo and Finkens Garden. (The zoo is also closed).
To avoid the spreading of the virus to and within the personnel of the city administration, all parts of the city administration will be closed to the public on Tuesday and Wednesday (17-18th March) with the exception of confirmed appointments and emergencies. The staff are available via telephone and Email. These two day will be used to organise a customer service adapted to the circumstances of the situation. Details will be announced later. All citizens can find an overview of the online services of the city at
Further, the crisis committee has decided that from 17th March onwards civic wedding ceremonies at the Standesamt will be restricted to the wedding couple and their witnesses. Burials will be restricted to close family. The Trauerhallen (funeral halls) will be closed.
Already, since 16th March, all schools, kitas and other facilities for child minding have been closed to prevent the rapid spread of the virus.
Oberbürgermeisterin Henriette Reker stressed: ”This closure confronts many families with an enormous challenge. I thank you for your great efforts and understanding. You thereby make an important effort to break the chain of infection and to delay the spread of the virus”.
The Health Office repeats its appeal to restrict social contact to an absolute minimum. Additionally it informs that the Health Office does not offer or perform tests for COVID-19. Patients with a suspicion of COVID-19 should first contact their family doctor (by telephone – do not go to the surgery) and then go with the appropriate transfer paper (Überweisung) to the Infection Center at the Uniklinik.
General recommendations: The Health Office of the City of Cologne recommends to follow hygiene procedures that would also be appropriate for an influenze infection. That includes no handshakes (u/caladeutschian recommends the Indian Namaste greeting), regular handwashing with soap and water, do not touch your face. (u/caladeutschian finds this personally impossible)
The Bürgertelefon of the City of Cologne can answer general questions on the topic of the Corona virus on 0221/22133500. The Bürgertelefon is available Monday to Friday from 7 until 18 and in the coming weekends from 9 to 18. Further information can be obtained at where the city of Cologne has gathered the most important information and links.
submitted by Caladeutschian to cologne [link] [comments]

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submitted by OpenVisionZ to SportsbookReview [link] [comments]

New World Fascism

The "New World Order" is an attempt at a fascist take over of society for the purpose of total enslavement of humanity. Fascism means a centralization of power. At the head of this criminal agenda are the royals and nobles. The New World Order is a bloodline conspiracy at the top. They are ancient evil bloodlines that build and destroy empires for control through order out of chaos. The royal and noble houses are corporate entities and they claim to rule and own land, resources, and people. Landowners have always been the dominant owners of gold and precious metals. They authorize and finance bankers and businessmen to work for them through their corporate households. They authorize and issue the creation of laws, agencies, militaries, businesses, and universities. They create and run religions and secret societies. They also finance and own organized crime syndicates like they are business enterprises. Some top royal bloodlines include the Savoy, Bourbon, Medici, Glucksburg, Wittelsbach, Nassau-Weilberg, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Romanov, Grimaldi, Orleans, Braganza, Habsburg, Hanover, Windsor, Saud, Thani, Khalifa, Alouwite, Zogu, Hohenzollern, Orange-Nassau, Bonaparte, and Bernadotte families. Many royal bloodlines still rule their nations as heads of state like in the United Kingdom, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, Monaco, Spain, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Morocco, Sweden, Norway, and Luxembourg. The Vatican City State is also a kingdom with the Pope of Rome as its monarch. The Black Nobility are the ancient bloodlines of the Papal States and they own and run the Holy See and Vatican. Black Nobility are considered sovereign princes. The Vatican is used as the centralized point of control and the Holy See is one of the oldest continual corporate entities in existence. The Holy See is the "All Seeing Eye" and operates as an intelligence network which then works with intelligence agencies like the CIA, NSA, and MI6 to enhance their intelligence system. The Latin phrase Novus Ordo Seclorum means New Order of the Ages and is on the US dollar bill and US Great Seal. The Vatican uses Latin as an official language and for documents. America is named after Amerigo Vespucci and he was working for the Medici family of Florence and Rome. Vespucci created the term New World for America. Corporations are fraudulent constructs because they are considered a person with rights under law and because owners and controllers of corporations are enabled to bypass accountability for any crimes committed by the corporation. Corporations are not people and therefore cannot have rights. Corporations are also monopolies that use subsidiaries to conceal their dominance over industries. Corporations should not exist.
Royals and nobles issue charters establishing proxy corporations covertly owned and controlled by the corporate households or crowns of royals and nobles. They claim to own foreign governments this way. The royals and nobles claim to own the United States as a continuation of the Virginia Company. Holy Roman royalty like the Hanovers, Hesses, Hohenzollerns, Glucksburgs, Orange-Nassaus, and Saxe-Coburg and Gothas claim a portion of ownership over the British Crown. This is why the British royal family has so much German ancestry. The United States is defined as a federal corporation under US code 3002 section 15. Most of the founding fathers were Freemasons and working for the British Crown and German royals. The American political families like the Bushs, Clintons, Romneys, and Kennedys all take their name from still existing European nobles. The Bussche family are German nobles and relatives of the Bush family. The Clintons and Romneys are also British nobles. The Kennedys are Scottish-Irish nobles and an American political family involved with the Democratic Party. The Mars, Walton, Rockefeller, Guggenheim, Getty, Sackler, Lauder, Sachs, Bussche, Johnson, and Cox are some American billionaire families working with royals and nobles in Europe. The Mars family are worth about 70 billion and work with the Windsor, Savoy, and Thurn and Taxis families. The Waltons are worth about 130 billion and work with German nobles like the Wurttemberg, Baden, Hohenzollern, and Isenberg families. The various Johnson families in the United States are collectively worth tens of billions and work as agents for the House of Hanover. They own Johnson and Johnson and Fidelity Investments. The Hanovers are powerful royalty and merchants that established the Hanseatic League. The Lauder family work for the House of Esterhazy of Austria and House of Este of Austria and Italy. The Guggenheims have assets worth hundreds of billions and work with the House of Stuart. The Getty family are American billionaire oil merchants and married in with the Italian House of Ruspoli. The Rockefeller family uses its charity foundations for financing gang stalking and bribes in the United States as well as globalization agendas like vaccinations programs. The Rockefeller Foundation also financed the Almighty Vice Lord Nation which is an organized crime group and financed the Tavistock Institute. Hollywood, the Church of Scientology, and Silicon Valley are US military and DARPA operations and managed by European royals and nobles like the Oettingen-Spielbergs, Schaumburg-Lippes, Anhalts, Hanovers, Windsors, Passi di Preposulos, Ruspolis, Torlonias, and Odescalchis. The Ferragamo family are also involved with managing and financing corruption in Hollywood. The House of Nassau-Weilberg which are married with the Torlonias finance human trafficking and human sacrifices in Hollywood. Idols in the entertainment industry are dangerous cult leaders that have access to weaponized electronics.
The Holy See is a corporate entity which issues laws and bills like the Golden Bull which claims ownership over the Kingdom of England. The Pope claims temporal power or ownership over the Earth and also claims Papal Supremacy or Papal Rule and Papal Infallibility. Archbishops are the overseers in society within their districts and they watch over politics, business, police, and organized crime. The European Monarchies function like extensions of Rome and they manage secret societies which infiltrate government agencies and run corporations for the monarchs. The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is the top military council and it works closely with the Orders of St. John run by Protestant royalty like the Windsors and Hohenzollerns. The royal and noble bloodlines are all working together as a global crime syndicate and part of a modernized Roman-Corporate Empire. They also have competing factions creating the illusion of division. The British Crown and the Scottish nobles like the Bruce, Stewart, Sinclair, Montagu, Scott, Percy, and Sutherland families manage Freemasonry. There are thousands of masonic lodges in the United States. Freemasonry should be outlawed. The Greek-German royal House of Glucksburg run the Greek fraternities and sororities and use initiates as their agents. The Glucksburgs and Italian nobles run the Boule Society which are fascist black supremacists and they work with black street gangs. Boule is a Greek fraternal society for African Americans. The Glucksburg family currently rule Denmark and Norway and recently ruled over Greece. Former Greek nobility and royal merchants like the Mavroleon, Onassis, and Niarchos families have a monopolies on the shipping industry and work with British Peers. The Greek merchant families are billionaires and human traffickers. The Greek royal family currently live in London. The British Crown authorized and control universities like Yale and Harvard and use them for recruiting Crown agents through fraternal orders like Skull and Bones and Book and Snake. The royal and noble families also do covert business at the City of London Corporation which dominates the global markets and some top London merchant families include the Goldsmith, Stuart, Rothschild, Grosvenor, Sassoon, Barclay, Sutherland, Montagu, Bailey, and Guinness families. The Sutherland family created HSBC. The Bailey family are co-founders of Janus Henderson through a merger. Janus Henderson manages about 190 billion in assets. The Stuart family are owners of Hudson's Bay Company and have an alliance with the Bavarian House of Wittelsbach which covertly owns some of HBC's subsidiaries. HBC has about 12 billion in assets and has been in tax contract with the United States. Royals and nobles need to be banned from entering America.
The Orange-Nassau family are influential merchants through their Netherlands Trading Society and have a large amount shares in Royal Dutch Shell, Philips Electronics, and ABN AMRO Bank. The Orange-Nassaus and their Dreyfus agents manage Rand Corporation which is in contract with the US military. The Orange-Nassau family also run the Masonic Loyal Order of Orange in Ireland which have infiltrated the police. The Nassau-Wielburg family of Luxembourg are international bankers connected with the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. The royal families of Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands have shares in the European Investment Bank and all these royals are recently married with Italian nobles. The Ligne family of Belgium are wealthy diamond and gold merchants. The Belgian Crown is stealing wealth from the United States through fraudulent tax contracts established through the 1871 District of Columbia Organic Act. The Barons Strange run the Masonic Oddfellow Order and Daughters of Rebekah. The Russel family are the Marquises of Tavistock and manage the Tavistock Institute which is an organization involved in mass mind control. The Lewis family finance Tavistock agents with their Tavistock investment group. The Furstenberg family run the Royal Order of Jesters and have a Jester on their coat of arms. The Clintons work closely with the House of Furstenberg which have residences in the United States. The Italian Orsini family and Holy Roman Rosenberg family run the Rosicrucian Order of alchemists which infiltrate food and drug companies for chemical warfare. The Medici family which have a statue of Hermes at their palace in Rome manage the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn an alchemical secret society. The Pierleoni family of Rome and Spanish House of Bourbon run the Kabbalah Society which uses the Spanish lion of Leon for its logo. The Pacelli family of Rome and Crencenzi family of Italy manage Wiccan cults. The Bavarian Wittelsbach family of Bavaria created the Bavarian Illuminati and manage the Benedictine Monks and they also have part ownership over the Jewish Mafia in the United States which are white collar criminals. The Pecci family of Italy are also owners of the Jewish Mafia in the United States through their marriage with the Blumenthal family. The House of Wittelsbach is involved with Zionism, Nazism, Freemasonry, and the Society of Jesus. The Jesuits function as Roman intelligence and infiltrators and use their universities for recruiting and training agents for Rome. Jesuit agents dominate leadership positions in US military and intelligence. The Knights of Columbus are owned by the House of Colonna. Many Knights of Columbus are police officers, mayors, lawyers, and judges and they protect the Italian Mafia while targeting free thinking people. Knights of Columbus are heavily involved in gang stalking. The Knights of Columbus need to be investigated and outlawed.
Court Jews like the Rothschild, Warburg, Goldsmith, Oppenheimer, Walton, Sassoon, Javal, Lauder, Sackler, Lewis, and Dreyfus families are employed through the Roman Curia or royal courtrooms like Buckingham Palace. The French Rothschilds work for the Black Nobility of Rome and the French House of Orleans. The British Rothschilds and Sassoons work for the British Crown. The Swiss Rothschilds work for the House of Habsburg and House of Hesse. The Oppenheimers work for the German House of Wurttemberg. The Warburgs work for the Italian House of Borghese and German House of Hesse and House of Hanover. Warburg Pincus was in contract with Unicredit which merged with the Borghese family's Bank of the Holy Spirit. The Dreyfus family work for the Dutch House of Orange-Nassau and French House of Bonaparte. Jewish banking families work for Christian royals and nobles. The French House of Bonaparte and Swedish House of Bernadotte control many major European corporations through their knights of the Order of Seraphim and knights of the Legion of Honor which are also members of the European Round Table of Industrialists which has major economic leverage on the markets. The Wallenbergs manage corporations worth hundreds of billions and work for the Swedish House of Bernadotte. The Wallenbergs also work with the Jesuits and Vatican. The Black Nobility and other royal families have been concealing trillions in private banks in Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, and Switzerland. The royal families of Luxembourg and Liechtenstein own and run their own national and private banks. The Austrian and Eastern European royals and nobles like the Habsburgs, Esterhazys, and Schonbergs use private banks in Liechtenstein and are also part owners of Israeli and Jewish mafias. The Esterhazy family are involved in snuff films and manage a faction of the Russian Mafia through the mafia boss Semion Mogilevich of Budapest. The Torlonia family own Banco Fucino in Rome and function as the Vatican's bankers and treasurers. The Torlonia family of Rome and Hohenzollern family of Germany are the primary owners of the Bank for International Settlements which was founded and ran by Nazis during WWII. The Torlonias are architects of fascism and the Hohenzollerns are architects of Nazism. The Este, Rothschild, and Hottinger families are some top Swiss bankers. The Casanova family of Italy and Spain are today a top political family of Switzerland. The Este and Savoy families manage the Bank for International Settlements which is in contract with most major central banks and is embezzling wealth from nations through fraudulent loans and contracts. The Bank for International Settlements needs to be investigated and shut down.
The Erlach and Brandi families are Swiss financial tax advisers enabling corruption, bribes, criminal financing, and money laundering. The Swiss Guard protects the Vatican City State today. The Swiss Cantons have been in contract with the Vatican for centuries and Switzerland is basically a papal state with the Holy Roman nobles claiming part ownership. The German House of Baden-Zahringen founded Berne, Switzerland. The House of Savoy ruled regions of Switzerland for hundreds of years. Some top bloodlines of the Black Nobility include the Massimo, Colonna, Pallavicini, Odescalchi, Ruspoli, Orsini, Aldobrandini, Sforza-Cesarini, Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Chigi-Albani-Della Rovere, Doria-Pamphilj, Giustiniani, Torlonia, Theodoli, Corsini, Borghese, Del Drago, Lucchesi-Palli, and Gaetani families. The Pecci and Pacelli families are newer bloodlines of the modern Black Nobility. The Black Nobility share ownership over the Holy See which is a corporate entity headquartered at the Vatican City State which was established as a nation in 1929 under Benito Mussolini who was put in power by the House of Savoy. The Mussolini and Franco families both became nobility after their fascist regimes. The Black Nobility also own the Knights of Malta, Jesuits, and Cosa Nostra. The Black Nobility established branches in southern Italy and married with Sicilian-Campanian nobles like the Lanza di Scalea, Adragna, Serena di Lapigio, and Rocco di Torrepadula families. The Savoy, Savoy-Aosta, Medici, Bourbon-Two Sicilies, and Bourbon-Parma families are Italian royalty and intermarried with various European royal bloodlines and Black Nobility. Most monarchs are members of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Prince Carlo Massimo has been overseeing the Sovereign Military Order of Malta as President of the Italian Association of the SMOM. The Knights of Malta have a hidden operation at Jesuit Georgetown which runs the Department of Defense along with British Crown agents and Freemasons. Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies is a top commander of the Society of Jesus through his Sacred Constantinian Military Order of Saint George. The Jesuits were authorized by the Farnese family’s Pope Paul III. The Bourbon-Two Sicilies and Bourbon-Parma families are the continuation of the Farnese family and the name Farnesivs is engraved on the Jesuit’s headquarters called the Gesu Church of Rome. The Farnese family lived in a pentagonal fortress called the Farnese Villa Caprarola which is the basis for the design of the US Pentagon. Jesuits are involved in politics, banking, law, and especially military and intelligence. The Italian Bourbons have established residences all over the world including in Florida. The Jesuits need to be investigated and outlawed.
The Italian Mafia are enforcers for Rome involved in extortion, money laundering, murder, and drug trafficking and they pay their dues back to the Sicilian Mafia which pay dues back to the Black Nobility. The mafia funnel their profits and tributes back to the Black Nobility through the Vatican's charity foundations and then to the Vatican bank and then to Banca Fucino and Swiss bank accounts. The Savoy's Genovese crime family specializes in extorting Wall Street. The mafia are rigging professional sports for bets and also launder their criminal profits through casinos. The Torlonia family own the Kansas City crime family and share ownership over the Pittsburgh crime family with the Borghese family of Rome and Rocco di Torrepadula family of Sicily. The French House of Orleans own the New Orleans crime family and the French-British Beaufort family oversee and own factions of the Dixie Mafia along with other British Peers that have French ancestry. The billionaire Cox family are involved in multi media communications and are part owners of the Dixie Mafia. The Goldsmith and Sassoon families are owners of Pakistani and Indian human trafficking networks which operate in the United Kingdom. The Brazilian House of Orleans-Braganza and the Belgian House of Ligne are intermarried and have shares in the Brazilian AmBev and the Belgian Anheuser-Busch InBev companies. The House of Orleans-Braganza are owners of Brazilian drug cartels which are also involved in human trafficking. The Sforza family own the Stidda Mafia clans which have an operation in the Sforza-Visconti's territory of Milan and the Sforza and Visconti families have major control over the Borsa Italiana or Milan Stock Exchange. The evil billionaire Silvio Berlusconi works for the Sforza and Visconti families and he has a monopoly in Italian media. Some north Italian nobles like the Visconti, Borromeo, Este, Gonzaga, Valenti, D'Adda, and Passi di Preposulo families are closely connected with billionaire families like the Rothschilds, Agnellis, Benettons, Armanis, and Ferreros. The Sforza and Visconti families own the Seattle crime family with the Gaetani family as part owners. The Seattle crime family is controlling the evil billionaires Bill Gates and Jeff Bezos through blackmail and Gates and Bezos both finance human trafficking and bribes on the West Coast. The royal family of Japan own Yakuza which have infiltrated the ports on the West Coast. The Aldobrandini family are owners of the DeCavalcante crime family of New Jersey and the Apulian Mafia in Italy. The Apulian Mafia have a large operation in New Jersey and are involved in human trafficking. Mobsters need to be locked away for life and gang stalkers, murderers, and human traffickers need to be executed.
The Colonna family own the Knights of Columbus and are also owners of the Colombo crime family and have part ownership of the Chicago Outfit along with the Capponi and Roselli del Turco families of Florence. Al Capone was an agent of the House of Capponi and John Roselli was an agent of the Roselli del Turco family. Colonna means column like Colombo and Columbus. Knights of Columbus infiltrate police departments and work with the Italian Mafia. The Massimo and Gaetani families own and run the Gambino crime family and Philadelphia crime family. The Massimo-Brancaccio family also own and run the Magliana Mafia or Roman Mafia and the Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari as well as the Graviano crime family of Brancaccio in Palermo, Sicily which is part of the Corleonisi mafia clan. The Massimo family receive tributes from most Italian crime families and even from the Russian Mafia and Eastern European mafias. The Massimo family of Roccasecca which live in London own the Clerkenwell Mafia of London and have part ownership over the Irish Mafia. The Lucchesi-Palli and Pallavicini families own the Lucchese crime family which the Russian Mafia in Brighton Beach pays tributes to. The Pallavicini family are owners of the Armenian Mafia which operate in Hollywood and work closely with the Kardashian family. The Romanovs are part owners of the Russian Mafia and have established several residences in the United States. The Giustiniani family oversee the Philly Greek Mob along with some Greek shipping merchants. Mafias are businesses and it costs money to start up a mafia. Royal and noble families finance organized crime. The Jewish Mafia reorganized into white collar crime and work with the black hand Italian Mafia. The head of the Jewish Mafia in the United States is the billionaire Michael Bloomberg. Leon Black is another major Jewish mobster in New York. The Jewish Mafia are involved in professional sports with the white collar mobsters Daniel Gilbert, Robert Kraft, Joshua Harris, Jerry Reinsdorf, George Kaiser, Peter Guber, Joe Lacob, Tom Werner, Mark Cuban, and Micky Arison. The European Union is based on the Treaty of Rome and was signed in Rome at Capitoline Hill. The President of the European Central Bank is Mario Draghi who was born in Rome and Jesuit educated at the Massimo Institute. Mario Draghi is a covert relative of the Borghese and Del Drago families. The Erba-Odesclachi family with ancestry from Cernobbio, Italy run CERN with Roman born Fabiola Gianotti as the Director-General of CERN which is being used to generate pressure in the lower atmosphere for the purpose of oppressing society. CERN, HAARP, Church of Scientology, Chemtrails, and electronic devices are all being used to covertly oppress society. The US military run a HAARP electronic harassment system in Puerto Rico which is controlled from Guantanamo Bay in Cuba which is under the command of Captain David Culpepper.
The German Wurrtemberg and Baden families have major shares and control over international corporations like BMW, Daimler-Benz, Aldi, and SAP and they have command over Wall Street through their agent Jeffrey Sprecher. The House of Hohenzollern authorized the creation of Deutsche Bank. The Wittelsbach and Schwarzenberg families also have major control over corporations like Goldman Sachs and Apollo Global Management which owns Constellis Holdings a private military company in contract with the US military. The Soros family work for the House of Schwarzenberg. George Soros' real last name is Schwartz. The House of Hanover have part ownership over the British Crown and have vast wealth in private Swiss banks. The Hanovers have an alliance with the Savoys. The Agnelli family are multi billionaires and own Chrysler Fiat. The Agnellis are intermarried with various Italian nobles like the Borromeo, Gaetani, and Brandolini D'adda families. German nobles are owners of motorcycle gangs and Neo-Nazi crime groups like the Aryan Brotherhood and Public Enemy Number 1. Irish nobles are also part owners of the Aryan Brotherhood. Motorcycle gangs are involved in the trucking industry and criminal trafficking. The House of Hesse own the Iron Horsemen motorcycle gang which traffics adrenochrome. The Bussche family of Germany along with the Bush and Busche families in the United States own the Sons of Silence motorcycle gang which uses the Busche beer logo for their patch. The House of Windsor are owners of the Hells Angels which established chapters in the United Kingdom and its commonwealths. The Mars family manage some Hells Angels chapters. The Boncompagni-Ludovisi family are owners of the Casalesi mafia clan which operates in their former dukedoms and also own the Bonanno crime family. Bon-Compagni translates to Good Fellows a term used for made men in the mafia. The Adragna family of Sicily run many of the N’Drangheta factions along with the Gaetani family and the House of Adragna are part owners of Los Angeles crime family which was built up by the Dragna crime bosses like Jack Dragna. The Sanseverino family are part owners of the Sicilian Mafia. The Sicilian Lanza di Scalea family owns the Lanza crime family in San Francisco which has also established themselves on the East Coast. The Odescalchi family own the Detroit Partnership which run the labor unions and also own some Slavic-Serbian mafias. The Bourbon families of Italy and Ruspoli family own mafias in Montreal like the Rizzuto crime family and Cuntrera-Caruana Mafia clan. The Italian Bourbons are part owners of the Trafficante crime family which operate in Cuba and have an alliance with the Montreal crime families. The Caputo, Serlupi-Crencenzi-Ottobani, and Torre and Tasso families own the Toronto crime families like the Mustianos, Lupinos, and Papalias. The Savoy and Savoy-Aosta families own and run the Genovese crime family. Don Vito Genovese was from Naples and Prince Vittorio Emanuele IV of Savoy is the Prince of Naples. The Chigi-Albani della Rovere family are owners of most of the Albanian Mafia factions which are an international crime syndicate. Albania was named after the Alban clans in Rome like the Albani family. The Corsini, Medici, and Bonaparte families are the owners of the Union Corse or Corsican Mafia which have an operation in Baltimore. The Medici family also own the Chaldean Mafia which operate out of Detroit. The Medici family run the IRS through their Jesuit agent and IRS Commissioner David Kautter. Income tax is a form of extortion.
The House of Windsor and German nobility like the Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Hohenzollern, Hesse, Furstenberg, and Hanover families run and finance various Neo-Nazi cults and Nazi propaganda while they also control many of the Jewish banking families through their royal courts. Many of the German nobles were Nazis. The Windsor and German noble families also run the Aryan Brotherhood of Texas. The Irish nobles like the Massy, Nugent, and FitzGerald families are part owners of the the Irish Mafia and Irish Republican Army terrorist organization. Irish nobles also run the murderous Hell Fire Club secret society. The Guinness, Hennessy, and Bailey families are all involved in the occult and also with banking. John Hennessy is a top leader in Silicon Valley. The Windsor and Bush families control covert paramilitary organizations and mercenary armies branched off from the military like G4S, KBR, and Vinnell Corporation. The Spencer-Churchill family own Aegis Defence Services with their relative Nicholas Soames as the head of Aegis and they are also part owners of Serco with their relative Rupert Soames. The Spencer-Churchill family are involved in the mainstream media and work with the American Vanderbilts and Freud family of psychoanalyst brainwashers. The Bush family runs the military industrial complex in the United States with Vannevar Bush founding Raytheon and Wesley G Bush running Northrup Grumman. The Bush family's Union Banking Corporation was in contract with the Nazis during WWII. The German nobles finance military black ops run by militarized Nazis. The Coronado Naval Base in California has a barracks designed as a swastika. The Mars and Walton families are mega billionaires and like royalty in the United States and they finance gang stalking and human trafficking and also make bribes to enable criminals. The Islamic royal families were appointed by European royalty in the 19th and 20th centuries and especially after WWI. The Mid East royalty run the oil industry and use their massive wealth to finance globalist agendas for being allowed to rule their nations. The House of Saud is worth at least a trillion. The House of Thani and House of Khalifa work with the House of Saud and are also wealthy oil merchants. The Mid Eastern royals manage the Muslim Brotherhood, Five Percenters, and Nation of Islam which are violent gang stalking cults. These organizations need to be investigated and outlawed. They also own an Arab Mafia which is headquartered in New Jersey and Detroit. The royal family of Morocco are wealthy merchants and owners of the Abergil crime family of Israel and Morocco. The House of Bourbon and Spanish nobility like the Osorio, FitzJames, Alvarez, Pignatelli, Arteaga, Borja, Zuniga, Ruspoli, and Aragon-Escobar families own most of the Mexican and South American drug cartels. The Osorio and Borja families are owners of MS-13. The Bourbons own the Gulf Cartel and the Latin Kings. The FitzJames and Alvarez families own the Los Zetas Cartel. The Mexican mobsters are involved in torturing and murdering people to extract adrenochrome and adrenaline filled blood which they sell on the black market. The House of Bourbon are the founders and owners of Santander Bank. The King of Spain holds the official claim to King of Jerusalem. All these tyrants and their agents need to be destroyed.
submitted by AhuwahZeus to conspiracyfact [link] [comments]

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Jokes Have you heard The Presidents of the United States are re-recording some of their biggest hits United
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funny Casually strolling through Walmart and found this gem of a rollback Walmart
AskReddit Former and current Microsoft employees that received the infamous Halloween documents, how did you feel about it at the time compared to today? Microsoft
gaming Question about the Xbox messaging on Microsoft website Microsoft
gaming Question about the Xbox messaging on Microsoft website Xbox
news All United Airlines Domestic Flights Grounded by Computer Outage United
funny My Google assistant is on my wavelength. Google
pics My favorite Twitter conversion about the Women's March Twitter
mildlyinteresting EpiPen for public use in CN tower CN
worldnews Trump says Nafta 'renegotiations' with Mexico and Canada to start - BBC News BBC
pics Men protesting circumcisions outside Gillette Stadium at the AFC Championship game Gillette
funny Appears United Airlines computers are fed up! United
AskReddit What is the one thing you see on your Facebook news feed that you cannot help but respond to? Facebook
news FAA Says United Requested Grounding of Domestic U.S. Flights United
funny Tip of my tongue Google to the rescue. Google
EarthPorn Snowshoeing along a lake in Southwest Colorado, 2688x1520OC Southwest
food Homemade Southwest Style Scramble Southwest
mildlyinteresting Odometer reached 44,444 miles on my 2008 Toyota Corolla. Toyota
OldSchoolCool Manchester United Legend George Best, Late 60's/Early 70's United
gifs Bizarre Caterpillar That Makes Own Leafy 'Armor' Seen for 1st Time Caterpillar
personalfinance Worked UPS seasonal job. No paying me bonuses and paying me very late. UPS
gaming I'm starting a double moniter setup I have a 24" dell moniter and I'm looking for another I need it for either Xbox or computer any recommendations Xbox
Showerthoughts The White House is the hardest to acquire rental in the United States. Free rent but have to acquire the rarest job in the country to attain it temporarily. United
news More than 3M Americans marched in this Saturday's women's marches 3M
aww Sleeping Otis the Pug..a face only a mother could love !! Otis
gaming Resident Evil 7 - Xbox One Exclusive Scene LEAK Xbox
personalfinance Chase Freedom vs Discover It Rewards Cards Discover
aww This is Mr Winston and this is his morning stretch Winston
news Ground stop lifted, United Airlines flights set to resume United
AskReddit SeriousHow the hell is BP still allowed to operate after the Deepwater Horizon incident!? BP
todayilearned TIL: On January 3, 2017, a bill called H.R.193 - American Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2017 was introduced by Republicans. It aims to terminate U.S. membership with the United Nations United
mildlyinteresting This Chevron station still uses the Standard Oil name Chevron
Jokes What happened when the Orange slept with the skanky Lemon? Orange
todayilearned TIL that Taco Bell owns the internet domain Bell
AskReddit Walmart workers of Reddit, what's some crazy Walmart stuff that has gone down during your shift? Walmart
AskReddit Was Kraft drunk or stoned? Kraft
Jokes It is said that Bill Gates once farted in an Apple store which stank up the entire place. Apple
gaming [Online Betting Malaysia
todayilearned TIL when filming Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Barbra Streisand showed up in a dominatrix suite and whipped Harrison Ford for various reasons. Carrie Fisher came to his rescue shortly after. Ford
todayilearned TIL that the Simpsons negotiated a contract in such a way that they could make fun of FOX while being on air on FOX at the same time without network interference FOX
Showerthoughts Anytime Google maps tells me how long a trip is going to be, I take it as a challenge. Google
AskReddit What was your most interesting Uber ride? Uber
videos Play Playstation 1 Games On A Dreamcast! - The Story Of Bleem Playstation
worldnews Jallikattu: Two die in Indian bullfight amid controversy - BBC News BBC
worldnews Syria conflict: Peace talks due to begin in Astana, Kazakhstan - BBC News BBC
explainlikeimfive ELI5: How does Youtube work? Youtube
OldSchoolCool August von Mackensen, 1916. A skull in his hat. From "The Great War" Youtube Channel Youtube
AskReddit If someone were to look at your Google search history, what's the weirdest thing he/she would find? Google
Documentaries Crude: The Real Price of Oil 2009 - An award-winning documentary that chronicles the epic battle to hold oil giant Chevron formerly Texaco accountable for its systematic contamination of the Ecuadorian Amazon. Chevron
IAmA IamA Police Officer AMA! To Be Answered Live on Youtube Live Stream. Youtube
AskReddit What kinds of comments/commenters ruin Youtube comment sections for you? Youtube
television Anybody else catch the premiere of CBS new show Hunted? CBS
Showerthoughts Does witnessing a robbery at an Apple Store make me an iwitness? Apple
videos 2 Chainz Good Drank Featuring Gucci Mane Quavo Produced By Mike Dean Album Hibachi for Lunch Gucci
mildlyinteresting This Walgreens brand sleep aid tells you not to take more than directed, but not how much to take. Walgreens
AskReddit We call Kraft's peanut butter simply Peanut Butter, etc... Why do we say Kraft before Dinner? Should it not just be called Dinner? Kraft
news Man shot in chest near film set in Brisbane - ABC News ABC
Jokes A reporter asked a protester why he destroyed the windows at Starbucks during the protest. Starbucks
tifu TIFU by using my Apple Watch to track my "workout". NSFW kinda.. Apple
Showerthoughts Seeing commercials with the guy who switched to Sprint doesn't convince me at all to make the switch myself. All I see is a guy who sold out Sprint
videos It's been 33 years since the Apple 1984 commercial. Here's a behind-the-scenes video of it... Apple
gaming Forgot to cancel my Xbox Live gold subscription nearly 4 years ago when I built my PC.... Xbox
funny I think Google is trying to tell me something... Google
AskReddit 75% of the United States population must be deleted and YOU have to select the criteria. What petty reason would cause you to add people to the delete list? United
mildlyinteresting This extra long Kraft Dinner noodle Kraft
AskReddit What would you remove from Facebook to make it less shitty? Facebook
todayilearned TIL redirects to the Intel site Intel
funny Went into FedEx Print/Ship store to print, four, forty page booklets for an upcoming interview...the cost $279!! LOL I left #FedExPrintOutOfBusinessInOneYear FedEx
todayilearned TIL the longest ever speech delivered in the United Nations is eight-hour long. It was delivered by VK Krishna Menon on On 23 January 1957. United
personalfinance What are the tradeoffs between investing in the "nine no-load Vanguard funds" versus a single "Vanguard Target Retirement" fund? Target
news Report: Apple & Foxconn ‘mulling’ $7B investment in U.S. manufacturing with ‘highly automated’ display facility Apple
photoshopbattles PsBattle: The Official Portrait of the 45th President of the United States. United
tifu TIFU By buying the wrong IKEA doors IKEA
funny A customer dropped this note off at the Apple store while her computer was in for a data transfer. Apple
pics A customer dropped this note off at the Apple store while her computer was in for a data transfer. Apple
history How Important Was The United States Contribution to World War 2? United
Documentaries The Relaxed Wife: Stress Relief With Tranquilizers - 1957 Educational Film: Atarax Hydroxyzine is a first-generation antihistamine of the diphenylmethane and piperazine classes. It was first synthesized by Union Chimique Belge in 1956 and was/is marketed by Pfizer in the United States.13:24 United
Documentaries The Relaxed Wife: Stress Relief With Tranquilizers - 1957 Educational Film: Atarax Hydroxyzine is a first-generation antihistamine of the diphenylmethane and piperazine classes. It was first synthesized by Union Chimique Belge in 1956 and was/is marketed by Pfizer in the United States.13:24 Pfizer
pics Mr. Rogers in the '50s Looks like the guy from Nathan for you Rogers
television The BBC TV show about the health treatment you can't get on the NHS BBC
gaming Perkins Coie LLP in United States United
AskReddit Tim Cook resigns as CEO of Apple to be replaced by Kanye West. What are some things we could expect in these reality? Apple
worldnews Republicans Introduce Bill Proposing Withdrawal From United Nations United
tifu tifu by overcharging the now vice pres of the United states of America United
gaming MY New Youtube Channel. Any tips? Youtube
gifs Aaron Rogers Brotherly Love Rogers
photoshopbattles PsBattle: the Camel ride is about to start Camel
pics The Roman Baths with the Abby in the background. Taken on a recent trip to Bath, United Kingdom United
news New seat alert app for pregnant commuters - BBC News BBC
todayilearned TIL that a restriction by Paypal was necessitated some years back because many Nigerians used the payment platform to defraud many foreign buyers on Ebay. Paypal
mildlyinteresting My Orange was cold this morning Orange
space Two sunspots visible on the sun. Image shot with a Nexus 5 through the telescope at the AF Philips observatorium, Eindhoven Philips
news DOJ: Microsoft isn’t harmed when it can’t tell users what data we want Microsoft
videos Pen Pineapple Apple Pen on the Piano! Apple
worldnews US exit from United Nations could become reality with fresh bill United
pics Everything is aweso...HERESY - Lego Space Marines. Lego
worldnews US President Donald Trump misspells honour in latest Twitter mishap Twitter
videos Last year gave all 14,000 employees a GoPro and asked them to capture their travels, well this is the result
AskReddit Have you tried Sprite Banana challenge and how was it? Sprite
AskReddit Why did Pres. Nixon choose Gerald Ford to be his VP when Agnew resigned? Ford
worldnews President Donald Trump Returns Bust Of Sir Winston Churchill To Oval Office Winston
pics Long Exposure of Nissan Skyline at Sunset Nissan
videos Formtastic Forms Ways to Use Google Forms in the Classroom ne... Google
news Bill Introduced to Remove US From United Nations United
Futurology Is this Apple Store-inspired setup the future of health care? Forward says yes - "Members complete their check-in process on an iPad, then make their way to a full-body scanner that sends their vitals to Forward’s AI algorithms." Apple
TwoXChromosomes How do you feel about the white man's anger at today's Swedish Facebook story? Facebook
explainlikeimfive ELI5:How did MS-DOS make Microsoft an OS power house? Microsoft
mildlyinteresting My Coca-Cola can has expanded to it's limit Coca-Cola
funny Robin in the new Lego Batman Movie Lego
AskReddit What are the equivalent AMD processors of Intel Processors? Intel
WritingPrompts WPIn the distant post apocalyptic future of 4017, 4 warring factions rule the wasteland; Tumblr, Twitter, Facebook and Reddit.Unfortunately, there are rumours, legends of an another faction.The forgotten faction of 4chan. Facebook
funny An American trying to scam an Indian on Twitter Long Twitter
Music Electric Light Orchestra - Mr Blue Sky Pop/Art Rock Sky
videos This older man, is an army veteran. He lost his wife a few years ago, and now he doesn't have much besides his Youtube Channel. This reaction to Molly by Lil Dicky is so great. He tears up, and so did I. Youtube
funny I wanted to see the two emotions Harrison Ford was showing us. The result was a bit disturbing. Ford
mildlyinteresting Doing a Google search for "want to be" will automatically bring you to the music video for Wannabe by the Spice Girls Google
videos Amazing Jeep Playing Seesaw Jeep
explainlikeimfive ELI5: What effect would leaving the United Nations have on America? United
gaming Tekken 7 launches June 2, 2017 for the PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and PC via STEAM Xbox
news Computer glitch grounds United flights for the second time in three months United
Showerthoughts If Google knows my favorite teams it should also know when they get crushed in the playoffs and stop rubbing it in. Google
Showerthoughts As the father of two gamers, there will come a day where I'm literally the guy on Xbox Live who fucked their mom Xbox
AskReddit How are women discriminated against in the United States today? Serious United
news Bill introduced to remove US from United Nations United
dataisbeautiful The world split into regions with the same population as the United States OC United
worldnews Australian Open: Jo-Wilfried Tsonga shares heartfelt letter from ball girl - BBC News BBC
Music Explosions In The Sky - First Breath After Coma Post-Rock Sky
videos Is Robert Kraft drunk? Kraft
gadgets First, the headphone jack. And now, Apple is looking to remove the home button??? NOOO! Apple
Jokes Apple is suing Qualcomm for selling them overpriced chips. Qualcomm
Music Sam Kent - Smile Alternative Rock Kent
worldnews GCHQ director Hannigan resigns - BBC News BBC
funny Is Google Earthview trolling us? Google
television 'Allo 'Allo! star Gorden Kaye dies at 75 - BBC News BBC
worldnews 'Allo 'Allo! star Gorden Kaye dies at 75 - BBC News BBC
gaming Plenty of affordable used-copies of No Man's Sky at Best Buy if anyone is interested. Sky
worldnews Ethics lawyers to sue Trump over foreign payments - BBC News BBC
food Homemade Tennessee Mountain Stack Cake OR Apple Stack Cake Apple
videos What Car Donation in United Kingdom and in California How to Donate a Car to Charity full Information in this tutorial United
OldSchoolCool Couple with a dog standing on their shoulders, United Kingdom, circa 1910s United
space 48 hours til Boeing Starliner suit reveal x-post from /cislunar Boeing
videos Ed Roberts activist Google Doodle Top 50 Interesting Facts about Ed Roberts Google
worldnews Trump juggles offer to slash taxes with border tax threat - BBC News BBC
gifs Bryan Cranston and Aaron Paul Reunite for Audi ad Audi
listentothis Lawrence Arabia - Apple Pie Bed Indie Pop 2009 Apple
news A bill has been introduced that would remove the United States from the UN. United
funny R.Kelly is driving a Toyota Highlander now! Toyota
Futurology The future is electric! New Hybrid Audi SUV Boasts 467 Horsepower, over 1000km range thanks to Lithium Ion Batteries. Audi
AskReddit You woke up in the year 2100, what would be the first thing you Google ? Google
gaming I think I found the game that is everything No Man's Sky let us down on. Sky
news Three men arrested in Sweden after Facebook Live 'gang-rape' Facebook
worldnews President Donald Trump signed an executive order formally withdrawing the United States from the 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal United
todayilearned TIL That According to the United States Supreme Court, Tomatoes are Vegetables United
Jokes Good Joke From Danmark Im Not Good To English So I Use Google Translate Google
Documentaries Krakatoa: The Last Days 2006- a BBC documentary about the eruption based on an observer's firsthand account. BBC
worldnews Why Bill Clinton helped a 33-year-old build a $1bn firm - BBC News BBC
funny My local McDonald's can satisfy all of your cravings.. McDonald's
AskReddit Sean Spicer went on a five-year Twitter war with Dippin' Dots. Which company would you get in a Twitter war with and why? Twitter
videos I fixed some cool retro Sony Walkman speakers in ep005 Sony
gaming I have a Apple Mac mini any suggestions for games I want to download a couple. Apple
todayilearned TIL that Lucy the australopithecus specimen found in 1974 in Ethiopia, was nicknamed after The Beatle's song 'Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds' which was played often in the expedition camp. Sky
mildlyinteresting This Chevron station still bares the Standard Oil name Chevron
mildlyinteresting This Chevron station still bears the Standard Oil name Chevron
pics The 2017 Renault Trezor concept. Renault
nottheonion Farmers in the United States Have Been Feeding Their Cattle Red Skittles United
AskReddit You see that your hometown is on the top of Twitter trends. What happened? Twitter
gaming Could not pick between PS4 and Xbox One Xbox
mildlyinteresting I received a McDonald's Big Mac with no sauce, cheese or lettuce in it... McDonald's
Futurology The Volkswagen Hippie Bus Is Back and Now It's Electric Volkswagen
mildlyinteresting This McDonald's sign doesn't say McDonald's McDonald's
Jokes The President of The United States. United
Art Vernon Roche painting Roche
mildlyinteresting This McDonald's is green with antler chandeliers to match the nearby sporting goods store McDonald's
Showerthoughts Below zero is a lot colder in the United States than it is in Canada. United
AskReddit Donald Trump is now the Emperor of the United Empire of America. What is different? United
AskReddit What is the worst possible sandwich you can make at Subway using actual ingredients from Subway? Subway
todayilearned TIL the Goldman family was awarded OJ Simpson's Rolex in the civil case, only to return it when a jeweler advised it was a $100 fake made in China. The settlement said items that cheap would remain owned by Simpson. Rolex
AskReddit SeriousWhat happened to the FailArmy Youtube account? Youtube
AskReddit Other than the Lego games, what are some good Xbox One games for young kids ages 8 and 7? Xbox
AskReddit Other than the Lego games, what are some good Xbox One games for young kids ages 8 and 7? Lego
worldnews UK leader admits she knew British nuclear missile flew towards United States United
explainlikeimfive ELI5: How are stores like Dollar General able to stay in business despite selling things for a dollar? Dollar General
worldnews Zambian police banned from marrying foreigners - BBC News BBC
worldnews UK leader admits she knew British nuclear missile flew towards United States United
gaming Please help. Friend won an Xbox One during Gamestop's Dishonored 2 Stream three months ago, no response from them since. Xbox
todayilearned TIL that Uber applied for a patent on surge pricing in 2013, but it was denied for being obvious. Uber
Music Kenny Rogers had to sit down at his concert, but the audience stood up to applaud him Rogers
submitted by HailCorporateRobot to PotentialHailCorp [link] [comments]

[Table] I am a native american social worker working on a USA Indian Reservation. AMA

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2013-02-21
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Link to my post
Questions Answers
Do you have any thoughts on Indian casinos and whether they are beneficial or detrimental to a reservation community? I think they are and can be both. With many tribes, the casino affords them the ability to operate as a functional soveriegn society. This tribe has its own school, clinic, tribal court, elder housing, tribal housing program, etc because the casino money pays for most of it. The casino pays my salary. The per capita payments are another thing...some people use the payments responsibly and still work and make themselves useful members of the community, others take it as their pass to stay at home and do nothing. It's a huge temptation and when you don't have to get bored. When you get bored in a small town where there's nothing to do you find illicit drugs to keep you entertained.
Ojibwe huh? Boozhoo nijii! Thanks for doing this ama ;) Boozhoo niij! Miigwech giin gaye :)
On your reservation, is there a stigma for people who "act white?" It seems like many groups have terms and attitudes towards members of the group who embrace certain so-called "majority" characteristics. Absolutely. Our term is "Apple" on the outside, white on the inside. My own husband faced this quite a bit as he is very dark skinned but did not have a reservation accent, lived in town, did not follow spiritual traditions, and decided to go to college. There's a huge stigma attached to going to college because you're "going to learn the white man's ways" and are "leaving your people behind." It's sad, because what would move society forward faster than educated natives coming home and working for their people?
Do you see much classism the tribe? I used to live in the Northwest and talked to a few people who grew up on reservations who had an intense dislike for people in the tribe who made it big, usually by securing upper management positions at the casino. Oh yeah, jealousy is a huge cultural issue for us. I get judged for my education because it was assumed I "think I know everything."
:(. Are you working to reverse this thinking? What percentage of high schoolers on your reservation go to a 4 year college? Do the high schools have programs encouraging going to a 4 year? I am personally working to reverse it because an education has afforded me so much for my life. the high schools here do not have such a program. Some tribes have programs to pay for college tribe, the Oneida, do.
Where are you currently working? We are from the same tribe. :) This has been my favorite AMA thus far! Also, what do you know about Boys and Girls Clubs on native land? Are they available where you are, and if so, are they functioning and beneficial? Yep! We have them on this rez and the kids really enjoy them. I wish they had something like it for older children who are getting picked up by gangs.
So, you are Oneida but you work on an Ojibwa reservation? Have you ever had any problem with that? Not really. They're just happy to see a Native person doing my job as opposed to someone non-native.
What's the best success story that you've had so far? Do you see things looking up, generally? The best success story so far is a woman who was addicted to heroin and abused her children while high. After having her children removed she was very defiant towards social services, in denial about what she'd done. When she went to treatment she sat me down and thanked me for removing her children. She said that that was the kick in the butt she needed to realize she had a problem. She had missed out on so much of her children's lives and had caused them to worry and grow up too fast...she wanted to make it up to them. That really brightened my spirits...and she's still doing well today.
how are the kids doing? They're doing okay. They are in separate placements and so don't see each other as much as they used to. The eldest child is the one who is dealing with the most...
Whats the worse case you had to deal with as a social worker in the reservation? A case where the mother has fetal alcohol syndrome and the father has a traumatic brain injury. Their kids were so medically neglected that their skin condition had caused their eyes to be swollen shut, they had open bleeding sores, and were in so much pain they couldn't move.
That's horrible. How functional was the mother and father? Could they even take care of themselves? They were functional, but just didn't understand how serious the problem was...they just felt that the symptoms of what was going on was just something they kids had to live with.
Plus they were using meth as well as their mental status being not the they were more consumed with finding their drug than helping their children.
:(. What are your resources as a social worker to help the children and parents in that case? Does the BIA manage this or Child Protective Services? Well, we placed the children with their uncle and aunt who are more able to care for the children and have several children of their own. The children also have a Band public health nurse visit them weekly. The band has their own resources and we also use the resources of the county. We don't work with the BIA. We work with the different surrounding county governments.
What in god's name happened to those poor children?? Yes they're much happier now and since they are getting the medical attention they need their skin has cleared up and they are back in school.
Edit: I see that they were placed with their Aunt and Uncle. Are the happy? Healthy?? Well-adjusted??? We don't usually do parental rights terminations in our organization but in this case the court is considering it just because the parents may literally be incapable of caring for their children.
At a previous job, I had the Navajo as a customer. Talking with them, they felt that a lot of problems were the result of corruption within the tribal leadership. Are you seeing any of that? Oh gosh yes. Last year the tribal chairwoman was re-elected despite being under investigation for money laundering and fraud. There's a lot of nepotism in tribal's all about who you know and not your education or reliability.
Hey there, thank you for this AMA. Here i go: what tribe do you originate from? (hope i'm not making an offensive question, if i am please diregard) Is the american society polarized with native americans as much as it seems to be with other minorities or races? and finally do you feel that the native american heritage & cultural history has its rightful place in the american educational system? I am enrolled with the Oneida tribe of Wisconsin and am a descendant of the Ojibwe tribe. I moreso follow Ojibwe traditions as my dad was raised by his Ojibwe mother and grandmother.
Society does treat us differently. When I was in highschool I faced a lot of racism. One kid actually tried to light me on fire, stating my race as his reason, and when we told the principal he said "maybe he just has feelings for you he doesn't know how to express." Basically, boys will be boys. It's even worse around communities near Green Bay near my Oneida rez there are places that won't serve Indians. The local government will try to block development projects that will bring more income to tribes. There's a lot of jealousy surrounding tribal per capita payments...though believe me a lot of us are not getting rich. I get a thousand a year from my tribe, and my husband gets a hundred and fifty.
I don't think that Native American history is explored well. I feel that places should focus on local tribes and talk about tribes and bands as individuals and not homogenize us. Plus the way they teach the history of Columbus is fucking ridiculous. He threw babies to dogs as punishment for not bringing him gold...he doesn't deserve a holiday.
What is your favorite or most interesting part of Ojibwe culture? What traditions do they still hold? My favorite part is the language. I used to teach Ojibwe language at the high school level and I am proficient in it. I also love the spirituality and ceremonies. We actually hold a lot of our traditions still, especially our spirituality. We had to adapt them to times because our spirituality was actually illegal until the late 70's so we still kind of do everything in secret, but it's still a big part of our lives. Plus our cooking and general way of life, customs, social nuances, they're all around.
Can you explain how it was illegal? Wouldn't freedom of religion protect you? You would think so, but it was actually specifically outlawed until 1978. Here is information on the American Indian Religious Freedom Act that finally made it legal.
Thanks for the answer. What kind of food is considered traditional? What's your favorite dish? Berries are considered traditional but especially blue berries and strawberries. Venison, Moose, wild rice. My favorite is wild rice hot dish.
If you would have said "fry bread" I was going to stop reading this AMA. Lol too many people think it's a traditional food. It's more like soul food. We created it from commodity rations, it was not traditional.
How bad is the morale and alcoholism in the tribe you work with? I would say morale is pretty low...parents generally feel that living on the rez means a shitty life and you have to accept that. A lot of people, when they want to get sober, choose to move off of the rez entirely which I don't fault them for.
Alcoholism is here, but it's actually not the biggest substance abuse problem. Right now heroin is really making a comeback on this rez, and the second most popular drug is pills.
What's your educational and professional background? I actually have a bachelors degree in teaching and ojibwe language and culture. This rez does not require a social services background, they train us for us after being hired.
What inspired you to become a social worker? I had worked with people in these type of situations before as a domestic violence advocate. I fell in love with helping people like that working that job through college. It just felt more real than teaching, like I was actually making a difference (though believe me, teaching makes a difference too). I realized I had a knack for it and it's not a job a lot of people can do and so I sought it out.
lastly: thanks for what you do, regardless of the population you work with. Thanks. It's a pretty thankless job so it's nice to be appreciated :).
Wow, you sound like such a good-hearted person! My deepest respects. If I may ask, where did you get a bachelor's in Ojibwe language/culture? The College of St. Scholastica in Duluth, MN. It's called the Native Teacher Training Program now.
If someone wanted to do community service on a reservation, would that be frowned upon - especially if they were white? What would be the best way to volunteer? I don't think it would be frowned upon but you may receive a different reception than a fellow native person would. There are a lot of white people who come into our community with a savior complex...saving the poor indians from themselves. But if the goal is to work ALONGSIDE natives we will accept a white person. We have white social workers and supervisors. I have an easier time being native than they do, but they are still accepted and the families still work with them. There are different programs on different reservations...the only one I can think of here is boys and girls club and they always love volunteers...they have white staff as well. You just have to see what opportunities the rez provides.
What do you feel the USA should do at the state/federal level to improve situations on reservations? Improving communication with the tribes. They still pass laws regarding us without asking for our input, and for a long time there was no leader of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (I believe through the entire Bush II presidency). I don't think money is the answer...a lot of people seem to think Indians just want free money or reparations.
Really the reservations need to act to improve their own way of life. The damage has been done by the government in the past and we need to act as a sovereign nation and help ourselves.
So, hypothetically speaking, I am a government agency that has grant money to give Indian Tribes. Most tribes are eligible to receive this funding, however, so few apply (it's not usually a lot of money, but it is money). How do we go about getting the word out and communicating that this money exists for them to use? Moccasin telegraph is best. That's our way of saying word-of-mouth lol. You have to actually go to the communities to talk to people...they tend to think something doesn't exist or people don't care unless they can address them face-to-face.
You mentioned that cooking is one of your favorite parts of your culture. What are some of your favorite traditional dishes? I LOVE Moose. Moose anything. Moose hot dish, moose burgers, moose steak. Moose is so lean and flavorful.
I also like frybread. Everyone cooks it so differently and it carries so much tradition in each family. However it's not a traditional's a food that came about because of commodities. Commodities gave us lard and flour and we made the best of it.
Have you ever thought that the reservations have served their purpose and are no longer necessary? No. I think reservations are great because they still allow us some sovereignty and the ability to build our own societies in the way we feel is necessary and relevant to our culture. Unfortunately, reservations are full of poor people and like any place predominantly inhabited by poor people (ghettos, trailer parks) there is a lot of crime and drug use in order to "survive." I still feel that it's a great thing, however, that I can go to a doctor that will respect western medicine and medicine people. That my child can go to school and learn English and their tribal language.
Do the majority of people in the community hold traditional Ojibwe spiritual beliefs and what is the role of religion/spirituality, generally, on the reservation where you work? I would say the majority have some form of traditional belief but like any spirituality it varies from person to person. We try to integrate it into our social work if it is what appeals to the family...we've used traditional healers to work with those struggling with substance abuse, to heal victims of sexual and physical abuse, and to mediate family arguments. I think most government facilities here try to use spirituality. They do a weekly prayer and drum circle at the tribal school, they open each official government meeting with sage and a prayer...we integrate it as much as possible.
I live on a native reserve in Canada, my reserve has about 800ppl. We have very few "traditional" reserve problems, we have 95% employment rate, very little (if any) violence, drug, alcohol, or poverty issues. That I hear about from other reserves (epically reserves in USA). Are the stories I hear true or false? It depends on the reservation, but I'd say generally the reservations do have a lot of crime and drug use. My Oneida reservation doesn't have AS MUCH trouble with it as it is the only metropolitan reservation in the country AND they pay for college so there is a lot of opportunity for work and education. Here more people are poor and unfortunately with poverty comes the need for crime to pay the bills and the desire for drugs to numb the pain.
I worked for several years in the Megan's law program in California and was shocked to find out that due to the sovereignty of Native American tribes a lot if not most of the people accused or found guilty of rape or molestation on the reservation often go free or are not prosecuted at all. I also heard that in most cases they even end up living in the same neighbohood as their vicitms. First, is this true? And second, if it is, is there any way to prevent or solve this issue when the reservations sovereignty comes into play, leaving any outside law enforcement unable to assist in helping in such cases? I haven't found that to be true here in Minnesota...they are prosecuted and sent to jail. That's a criminal issue and is handled more by law enforcement and county court. I think this used to be more true in the past as most crimes against natives were not prosecuted.
This tribe has a way of dealing with it...banishment. Some tribes still use banishment as a punishment and do not allow perpetrators back onto the reservation. Tribal police will actually escort them off if they find them to be in the area.
Do you notice any sort of resentment towards the government from the locals? We are currently learning about indian history and how past aggressions have lasting impressions so I'm wondering if you still see people angry about that or is that all old news by now? People are still angry about it but it's not generally something we discuss. I do, because I have to interact with state and federal government depending on the kind of case I have to investigate. I still see the state trying to infringe on our sovereign tribal rights because they believe they can do it better. I think it mostly manifests in who families are more willing to work with. Families are always more open to working with me as a tribal social worker than with county officials.
Do you have any insights into what the future holds for Natives? I work at a hospital close to a few reservations and I agree that the older generation still seems kind of resentful but the younger kids don't seem to be as much (or maybe just not yet), is a change on the horizon? I can really only refer to the seventh generation prophecy among the Ojibwe people...that the seventh generation will bring about change and cultural revitalization. That's this generation so here's hoping.
Canadian here, we have a unique, but similar, situation here with our aboriginal population. What do you think the real solution is for problems on reservations? In Canada there is a lot of resentment of aboriginals and many people say they are "lazy, freeloaders who want free money". Many people here believe we should stop sending "blank cheques" to reservations and to put money into rehab centers, schools, etc. Critics of this say it is neo-colonialism. The aboriginal writer, Cardinal, believes things need to be solved internally by aboriginals and the government should provide money with no strings attached. A lot of Canadians don't think they should have to pay for past injustices, especially since we have such a large migrant population. What's your view/why? TL;DR What's the best solution for problems in aboriginal populations? I think the real solution is for people to take more responsibility for our future. I think the government isn't as active in their efforts to destroy the native population, now they are indifferent (which can be a killer on its own). The government doesn't give a shit about us, so we need to stop blaming them for our current problems. We were dealt a bad hand...we have a history full of problems that has trickled down to current generations, but at this point no amount of money or government assistance is going to make that better. Tribes need to be responsible for their own people and need to create programs to help employ and educate their citizens.
What is the status of family law (e.g. paternity, guardianships, divorce, etc.) on the reservations? It is different for each reservation. On Oneida they actually just got family court so they will do guardianships and child protection in tribal court for the first time. On the rez in which I work there is guardianship and child protection court already in place. For paternity, divorce, and criminal it is generally done in county court but it really depends on the reservation and their ability to provide that for their people or their relationship with state government.
Why do they prefer to be called American Indians now, since its based on such a silly historical mistake? I think because we've been identified with the term "indian" for so long...but actually you'd have to ask each individual what they prefer. Personally I prefer the term first nations, but mostly to be identified by the tribes I specifically draw heritage from. The latter is true for most people, we just don't expect that from outsiders.
How do you feel about sports teams with "Indians" or other similar names. I grew up at a school who had the Indians as our school symbol and we always took a lot of pride in learning a lot about NA culture in our school. We also live in an area where a lot of Mississippian Indians were basically absorbed into "white" culture. Now that a lot of schools are changing symbols I kind of feel like we are forgetting about part of our shared history. What's your take on this? I think it depends on the representation. It sounds like your school had a more respectful way of dealing with it. The Redskins, however, is a term that is racially offensive. It comes from when bounty hunters used to turn in native skins to the government for their pay as transporting the bodies was more heavy and expensive. However, the fighting Sioux is okay with me because the Sioux people themselves are in favor of it.
My girlfriend once did some work with the Seminole Tribe. She said most of the people were obese and would wear cheap Wal Mart clothing, but had private jets and would spend ridiculous amounts of cash on the dumbest shit. Is obesity a problem with many other tribes? What's the usual diet for those living on a reservation? Are most people in the tribe wealthy, or is it structured similar to the outside, i.e. a few rich at the top and many people far below? Obesity is a problem as is diabetes. Our bodies were not designed to digest the food that Europeans are. The usual diet on a rez is the diet of a poor person: cheap food loaded with preservatives and high in fat. In this tribe I'd say the majority are still poor. Generally people believe that because a tribe has a casino they must be rich, but it depends on the tribe. There are some tribes where their members make hundreds of thousands a month and others like my husband's (Leech Lake) where they get 125 dollars a year.
Do you think the social situation in the reservations is worsening or getting better, and do you have examples of social dramas? That's a question with a complex answer. Like any society you have some people moving forward and others doing the opposite. I think there are more opportunities for people on reservations these days but the crime and drug problems remain. Could you explain what you mean by social drama?
I hope I don't sound too much of a "disaster tourist", but I was wondering if there are generation gaps/class distinction/internal troubles that we don't hear of too often. In short, is there unity or division among the members of the Ojibwe, and why do you think that is. And could you expand on the crime and drug problems? What drugs are used most? Oh absolutely. Elders want the young to be more involved in their culture as they will carry it on into the future, and many native youngsters find them antiquated and find this to not be their responsibility. Young natives actually identify a lot with urban african american culture and listen to rap and dress in that style. There are natives who live in nice homes here by the golf course, and indians who live in tribal housing with cockroaches. Jealousy is a big problem with our people...and people who succeed are seen as "white lovers."
There is a lot of gang activity on this rez (and many reservations). Here we have the "native mob" who do sex trafficking but mostly drug trafficking. The big drug here right now is heroin with pills being a close second.
Do the youngsters also hang out with African Americans, or do they only identify with them because of TV culture? Do you think that clinging to traditional values is good, or that "blending in" with modern society is the way to go? How do you think the social problems involving crime and drugs can be dealt with? In some cases they hang out with African Americans, but there is actually a lot of racism towards African Americans, especially with the elders. I'm not sure why, I just know it's there. It's mostly the gang culture and tv culture youngsters associate with.
I think that blending is good to a point as well as the clinging to traditions. The reality is I don't want to go back to living in the woods...I like internet and indoor plumbing...but I don't need to live in the woods to practice my spirituality, speak my language, or learn the traditions. I think we need to accept that we need to decide what our current culture is and not continue to be angry about or mourn the past. Never forget, but forgiving is okay.
I think it is a complex problem that people are trying to answer in a one-note solution. They assume if you close down the drug dealers the problem is over. But really, you need to address the poverty, the depression and the stigma of seeking help for depression, the joblessness, and the cultural stuff like people's tendency to be fatalistic.
How is their government structured, and how does this affect daily life? I ask because I've some acquaintances in the Navajo Nation, which is run by consensus government, so getting projects approved and started can take forever. They have the tribal chairperson and commisioners of different departments (education, finances, etc) and they meet as a board to make decisions. My tribe (the Oneida) have a general tribal council made up of whichever tribal members decided to show up that day (they pay out an incentive) who votes and the majority rules.
What do you think about pushes for traditionalism in a tribe? I live in Arizona, and I've heard speakers lament that kids have lost the old ways (spirituality, customs, language), but restoring them would solve a lot of problems that Native American youth have. Do you think that approach holds promise? Do you find that young people want that traditionalism? I think that having stock in your community helps you to respect it more. Having your own sense of identity makes it so you don't need to seek approval and fellowship from gangs. Learning your language or involving yourself in learning how to do ceremonies occupies you so you don't get into trouble. I think it could help a great deal.
I find that younger people can go either way as far as seeking traditionalism. I'm more exposed as a social worker to the ones who don't (and you can take from that what you will) and so I see more kids who look to gangs and crime.
Is this a problem in your area? If so, what are some of the ways to help these girls and women to gain their independence? How can we raise awareness in younger generations and teach men that it is NOT okay to pay for sex? It is a problem here but it is not as prevalent. I think its so prevalent in Duluth because of the ports. I think what needs to happen is more native communities need to have open and honest dialogue about the problem. Native communities do not want to believe this happens to their girls and will shy away from discussing it.
I am a tribal member with Lac Courte Oreilles and I live off reservation. It has been three generations since my family lived on the reservation, and my generation is the first ones since about 1920 to even engage with our heritage. What advice would you give someone like myself to reengage with my heritage? Firstly, if you have access to an elder or can find access, this is your best bet. Elders are our connection to our past, to our ways, and have a whole lot of history to share. Powwows are a great place to meet elders. Many places also have cultural workshops. I'm not saying the workshop will teach you as much as a member of the tribe, but this is a good place to MEET someone from the tribe. The more community involvement you have the more knowledge will rub off on you.
What are your thoughts on the proposed provisions to the Violence Against Women Act where a federal court can supersede a reservation's council? How prevalent is domestic abuse? Federal court can always supersede tribal law.
Domestic abuse is very prevalent, more prevalent in Native communities than any other. I used to be a domestic violence advocate in Duluth, MN. If you'd like to know more about that please read the "Shattered Hearts Report." It's a really good and heartbreaking inventory of how many native women are affected by rape, sexual assault, and domestic abuse.
Maybe a shallow question but what's your opinion on the use of your heritage as sport mascots? Washington Redskins, Cleveland Indians, Chicago Blackhawks etc. EDIT: Would still like more info on this question... This answer (Link to didn't clarify much... Any chance you can address teams like the Braves/Blackhawks/Indians? Please see above.
I worked doing humanitarian work on several reservations in Arizona. One not so remote, and one VERY remote. Hilarious part was they hated being called Native Americans, and much prefered to be called Indians. Very sad to see the state of affairs, and I just want to thank you for doing what you do. It breaks my heart that they are in the United States and go nearly unnoticed (not that they don't share in the responsibility for a lot of their own shortcomings). Are you Indian/Native American yourself? I am enrolled Oneida and a descendant of Fond du lac Ojibwe.
I don't have questions, I just want to say THANK YOU for everything you do. I have worked for several domestic violence and community organizations in South Dakota's Sioux reservations and know that the struggles of Native Americans are often overlooked or minimized by stereotyping and racism by the average American. Edit: I do have a question actually. I now live in WI and would be interested in getting involved in Native culture activism and non-profit programs. My educational background is in sociology and transitioning families. Do you know of any good programs in WI or MN that are looking for interns/volunteers or any educational resources for young people interested in getting involved in these areas? I know the American Indian Community Housing Organization in Duluth, MN is looking for people and they have a lot of different positions and programs. Mending the Sacred Hoop in Duluth might need people as well. If not, they could point you in the right direction.
Can you provide proof? I'd be more than willing to if you have any ideas as to how.
What do you think of Red Lake's new skatepark? Hahah I have not been to Red Lake.
Have you had any dealings with Native Americans from Canada? From my few spots of observations while visiting Canada, a lot of Canadians are highly prejudiced against Native Americans. One of my weh-ehs (the Ojibwe version of a godparent) is from Rainy River reservation in Ontario. He's really my only connection to Natives from Canada. I don't know a lot about their communities or struggles.
Last updated: 2013-02-25 21:11 UTC
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A major issue revolving around sports betting has to do with Indian Tribal gaming. It is a $100 billion industry. Currently Native American tribes have control of sports betting in California, Connecticut, and Florida. Right now, it feels that the best bet for legal sports betting in California is the proposal from the coalition of the state’s tribes last November. Their initiative would give them exclusivity for legal sports betting in California. California has attempted to legalize online gambling in the state multiple times. California’s Indian gaming market, legalized for full casino capability by state voters in 2000, is the biggest in the nation with annual revenues from 72 tribal casinos at more than $8 billion. California sports betting sees push back ahead of the advancement of a regulated sports betting marketplace in the Golden State – the bill faces stiff opposition from the state’s Native American leaders, and the newly drafted mobile sports betting proposal has garnered little support from tribal casinos.. California’s gaming laws are written in a way that has led to varying Assuming the tribal ballot proposition passes, you will be able to place sports bets sometime in 2021. To do so, you will have to visit a tribal casino that offers sports betting. Eighteen tribes are backing the California Legalize Sports Betting on American Indian Lands Initiative, a measure of intent to offer sports betting when it launches.

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